Water Resources

Two major pieces of federal legislation, the Clean Water Act (CWA) (33 USC 1251-1387) and the Rivers and Harbors Act (33 USC 401 et seq.), govern impacts to water resources. The CWA has a broad goal of restoring and maintaining the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters. Among other things, the CWA establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and managing polluted runoff. In particular, wind energy projects may be subject to Water Quality Certification under

Two major pieces of federal legislation, the Clean Water Act (CWA) and the Rivers and Harbors Act, govern impacts to water resources. In particular, wind energy projects may be subject to Water Quality Certification under Section 401 of the CWA and permit requirements under Sections 402 and 404 of the CWA and Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act.

Section 401 of the CWA and permit requirements under Sections 402 and 404 of the CWA.

Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Act applies to work in or over navigable waters of the United States. Under Section 10, the placement of structures that affect the course, location, condition, or capacity of navigable waters requires a permit from the Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). For example, land-based wind projects might require a Section 10 permit if construction activities require building or replacing a bridge in a navigable waterway or creating docks to receive materials via waterway.

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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