State Regulatory Framework

The regulatory process for siting a wind energy project varies widely from state to state. For example, some states have vested primary siting authority in a state agency while others have left this authority to local governments to handle through their land use and zoning ordinances. Recognizing the great diversity among state programs, this section discusses the more typical state-level regulatory frameworks that a wind developer is likely to encounter. Prior to commencing a wind energy project in any state, a developer should determine the applicable regulatory structure and understand the allocation of responsibility among federal, state, and local government agencies. The lack of uniformity among regulatory programs means that what may be a simple, streamlined review process before a single agency in one state may be a complex, time-consuming process involving multiple levels of review in another state. The following table provides a summary of commonly required state approvals for wind energy projects.

The regulatory process for siting a wind energy project varies widely from state to state. Prior to commencing a wind energy project in any state, a developer should determine the applicable regulatory structure and understand the allocation of responsibility among federal, state, and local government agencies.

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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