Habitat loss is relatively easy to quantify as it can be measured from design drawings or post-construction surveys. At a wind energy project, the habitat loss includes the acres of habitat converted to a permanent industrial facility, or the permanent project footprint. The permanent project footprint consists of all permanent facilities, including access roads, turbine locations, substations, O&M facilities, right-of-way under the transmission line, and any other ancillary facilities. The permanent project footprint of a wind energy project is relatively small in comparison with the entire project area. Habitat loss could result in small reductions in populations of some species, or in extreme cases, the loss of a species if an essential habitat area or feature were eliminated.
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Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.