Bureau of Land Management

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM), an agency within the DOI, manages approximately 262 million acres of public lands in the United States and is responsible for the development of wind energy resources on BLM-administered lands. BLM has established a Wind Energy Development Program.

On August 24, 2006, BLM issued its Wind Energy Development Policy (BLM Wind Policy) (Instruction Memorandum No. 2006-216) which supports development of wind energy in acceptable areas on BLM-administered lands and minimizes potential environmental and sociocultural impacts. The policies and best management practices (BMPs) contained in the BLM Wind Policy establish mechanisms to protect and enhance natural and cultural resources and identify the issues and concerns that need to be addressed by project-specific plans. Mitigation measures to protect these resources must be incorporated into each project's Plan of Development. These mitigation measures may include the specific programmatic BMPs, as well as additional mitigation measures contained in relevant BLM guidance and stipulations.

The BLM Wind Policy authorizes private ROW grants for three types of wind energy projects:

1. Site-specific ROW for site testing and monitoring for individual meteorological towers and instrumentation facilities (3-year term) (Site-Specific Grant).

2. ROW for testing and monitoring for a larger testing and monitoring area (renewable 3-year term) (Testing and Monitoring Grant).

3. ROW for long-term commercial wind energy projects (unlimited term, generally 30 to 35 years) (Project Development Grant).

The table below summarizes the salient features of each type of BLM ROW grant.

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable Energy 101

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable. The usage of renewable energy sources is very important when considering the sustainability of the existing energy usage of the world. While there is currently an abundance of non-renewable energy sources, such as nuclear fuels, these energy sources are depleting. In addition to being a non-renewable supply, the non-renewable energy sources release emissions into the air, which has an adverse effect on the environment.

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