Midlatitude synoptic and mesoscale systems

Learning objectives

When you have read this chapter you will:

Understand the airmass concept, the characteristics of the major airmasses and their geographical occurrence,

Know the mechanisms of frontogenesis and the various frontal types,

Understand the relationships between upper air and surface processes in forming frontal cyclones, Know the major types of non-frontal cyclone and how they form, Be familiar with the role of mesoscale convective systems in severe weather.

This chapter examines the classical ideas about airmasses and their role in the formation of frontal boundaries and in the development of extratropical cyclones. It also discusses the limitations of those ideas and more recent models of mid-latitude weather systems. Mesoscale systems in mid-latitudes are also treated. The chapter concludes with a brief overview of weather forecasting.

Continue reading here: The Airmass Concept

Was this article helpful?

0 0