Discussion Topics

■ In what ways do vegetated surfaces modify the surface climate compared with unvegetated ones and what processes are involved?

What are the major effects of urban environments on atmospheric composition? (Data from air sampling sites in North America and Europe are available on the web.)

Look for evidence from local weather station reports and/or vegetation types for topoclimatic differences in locations where you live/travel and consider whether these arise from differences in solar radiation, day/night temperatures, moisture balance, wind speed or combinations of these factors.

Look for evidence of urban-rural climatic differences in cities near you using weather reports of day/night temperatures, visibility, snowfall events and so on.

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