Norse colonies and explorations

In Europe and eastern North America, the good weather arrived fairly abruptly. Around 865 c.e. a Norwegian farmer called Folke Vilgerdson (or Floki Vilgerdason) arrived with his cattle in Iceland and attempted to start farming. It was a disaster. He saw a fjord fill with sea ice and watched his animals die during a harsh winter. He returned home to Norway and told everyone that the island was an impossible place, an "ice land," thereby giving it the name it still has. Less than a decade later, in 874, Ingolfur Arnarson, a chieftain from western Norway, landed close to the site of the present capital city, Reykjavik, and settled there with his family and dependents. By then, Iceland was habitable.

Norwegians were the first Europeans to colonize Iceland, but they were not the first to live there. Irish monks had visited Iceland as early as 790 and some may have been there still, living as hermits, when Arnarson's party landed.

By this time the peoples of northern Europe were able to make long sea voyages—without maps or compasses to guide them—and the Vikings were the bravest and most expert seafarers of all. It was then that the Norsemen—the Vikings—began raiding coastal communities throughout western Europe. These expeditions began around 790. In

Norse colonies and explorations

the centuries that followed, Viking ships sailed to the White Sea between The world explored by

Finland and Russia. Harald Hardrade, king of both Norway and En- the Vikings gland, is said to have taken a fleet of ships to explore the northern sea and visiting either Novaya Zemlya or Svalbard (it is not clear which)

some time between 1040 and 1065. The Vikings visited Greenland and ultimately reached Canada somewhere to the north of Baffin Island, and also Newfoundland, far to the south. Interestingly, they called North

America "Vinland," or "Wine-land," suggesting that soft fruits grew there—though not grapes—from which they obtained juice. The map shows the part of the world they explored.

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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