References

Arnell, N; Liu, C; Compagnucci, R; da Cunha, L; Howe, C; Hanaki, K; Mailu, G; Shiklomanov, I; Stakhiv, E. Hydrology and water resources. In: JO McCarthy, O Canziani, N Leary, D Dokken, K White, eds. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. London: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Associated Press. Great Lakes levels should be higher this summer. The Record, March 9, A11, 2002.

Bonsal, B; Chipanshi, A; Grant, C; Koshida, G; Kulshreshtha, S; Wheaton, E; Wittrock, V. Saskatchewan Research Council reports. In: E Wheaton, S Kulshreshtha, V Wittrock, eds. Canadian Droughts of 2001 and 2002: Climatology, Impacts and Adaptations. Prepared for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Saskatchewan Research Council, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, 2003.

Bonsal, B; Koshida, G; O'Brien, EG; Wheaton, E. Droughts. In: Threats to water availability in Canada (pp. 19-25). NWRI Scientific Assessment Report Series No. 3 and ASCD Science Assessment Series No. 1. Environment Canada, National Water Research Institute, Burlington, Ontario, 2004.

Brotton, J. Causes and impacts of 1960s low water levels on Canadian Great Lakes interests. Environmental Adaptation Research Group, Atmospheric Environment Service, Burlington, Ontario, 1995.

Bruce, JP; Martin, H; Colucci, P; McBean, G; McDougall, J; Shrub-sole, D; Whalley, J; Halliday, R; Alden, M; Mortsch, L; Mills, B.

Climate Change Impacts on Boundary and Transboundary Water Management. Ottawa: Natural Resources Canada, 2003.

Canadian Institute of Climate Studies. Global Climate Model Scenarios [Web Page]. Accessed October 15, 2003. Available at http://www.cics.uvic.ca/scenarios/index.cgi?Scenarios, 2003.

Anon. High winds stop ships. Guelph Mercury, November 16, A6, 1999a.

Anon. Lake Ontario water levels expected to increase. November 22, Quebec-Ontario regional general news, 1999b.

Anon. Profits unplugged at OPG. Toronto Star, August 7, D10, 2003.

Changnon, SA. The drought, barges, and diversion. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 70:1092-1104, 1989.

Changnon, SA; ed. The Lake Michigan diversion at Chicago and urban drought: Past, present, and future regional impacts and responses to global climate change. Report to the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, CCR-36, NOAA, Washington, D.C., 1994.

Changnon, SA; Glantz, MH. The Great Lakes diversion at Chicago and its implications for climate change. Climatic Change 32:199-214, 1996.

Chiotti, Q; Morton, I; Ogilvie, K; Maarouf, A; Kelleher, M. Towards an adaptation action plan: Climate change and health in Toronto-Niagara region. A pollution probe report, Toronto, 2002.

Churchill, J. Farmers pin hopes on forecast: Extra dry July leaves reservoirs at their lowest level in decades. The Record, August 6, A1, 1998.

Cohen, S; Kulkarni, T; eds. Water Management & Climate Change in the Okanagan Basin. Environment Canada & University of British Columbia. Project A206, submitted to the Adaptation Liaison Office, Climate Change Action Fund, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, 2001.

Cohen, SJ; Miller, KA; Hamlet, AF; Avis, W. Climate change and resource management in the Columbia River Basin. Water International 25(2):253-272, 2000.

Cohen, S; Miller, K; Duncan, K; Gregorich, E; Groffman, P; Kovacs, P; Magana, V; McKnight, D; Mills, E; Schimel, D. North America. In: J. McCarthy, O Canziani, N Leary, D Dokken, K White, eds. Climate Change 2001, Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (pp. 735-800). London: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Cohen, S; Neale, T; eds. Expanding the dialogue on climate change and water management in the Okanagan Basin, British Columbia. Environment Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and University of British Columbia. Project A463/433. Submitted to the Adaptation Liaison Office, Climate Change Action Fund, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, 2003.

Cohen, S; Neilsen, D; and Welbourn R; eds. Expanding the dialogue on climate change and water management in the Okanagan basin, British Columbia. Final Report, January 1, 2002 to June 30, 2004. Environment Canada, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, and University of British Columbia. Project A463/433. Submitted to Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program, Natural Resources Canada, Otawa, 2004.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania—Department of Environmental Protection. Fact Sheet—Drought Management in Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, PA: Department of Environmental Protection, 2001.

Cuthbert, D; Muir, T. The Great Lakes basin and existing diversions. In: M Sanderson, ed. Water Pipelines and Diversions in the Great Lakes Basin (pp. 1-8). Waterloo, Ontario: Department of Geography Publication Series, 1991.

Diebel, L. Low water levels a mixed blessing. The Hamilton Spectator, November 9, A5, 1999.

Embley, E; Hall, K; Cohen, S. Background. In: S Cohen, T Kulkarni, eds. Water management & climate change in the Okanagan Basin. Environment Canada & University of British Columbia. Project A206. Submitted to the Adaptation Liaison Office, Climate Change Action Fund, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, 2001.

Environment Canada. HyDat CD-ROM Version 2000. Downsview, Ontario: Environment Canada, 2002.

Epstein, PR; Defilippo, C. West Nile virus and drought. Global Change and Human Health 2(2):105-107, 2001.

Etkin, D. Climate change and extreme events. In: N Mayer, W Avis, eds. National Cross-Cutting Issues (pp. 31-80), Volume VIII of the Canada Country Study: Climate Impacts and Adaptation. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997.

Fargo Forum. Will Fargo water supply last? Editorial, July 30, 2001.

Fargo Forum. Eventually a drought will come. Editorial, October 7, 2003.

Ferris, A. Sunny weather leaves Puslinch lake low, residents high and dry. The Record, July 28, B5, 1999.

Gabriel, A; Kreutzwiser, R. Drought hazard in Ontario: A review of impacts, 1960-1989, and management implications. Canadian Water Resources Journal 18:117-132, 1993.

Government of Canada and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The Great Lakes: An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book. Toronto: Government of Canada; and Chicago, Illinois: Great Lakes National Program Office, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1995.

Hamlet, AF; Lettenmaier, DP. Effects of climate change on hydrology and water resources in the Columbia River Basin. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 35(6): 1597-1624, 1999.

Hughes. R. Ships forced to carry lighter loads: Lower levels in the Great Lakes mean tight squeeze for vessels. The Hamilton Spectator, August 28, A13, 1999.

Illinois State Water Plan Task Force. Drought contingency planning. Special Report No. 3. Illinois Division of Water Resources, Department of Transportation, Springfield, IL, 1983.

Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Indiana's Water Shortage Plan. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Department of Natural Resources—Division of Water, 2000.

International Joint Commission (IJC). Transboundary Implications of the Garrison Diversion Unit. An IJC Report to the Governments of Canada and the United States. Ottawa and Washington, D.C., 1977.

International Joint Commission (IJC). Water Apportionment in the Poplar River Basin. An IJC Report to Canada and the United States. Ottawa and Washington, D.C., 1978.

International Joint Commission (IJC). The International Joint Commission and the Boundary Waters Treaty. Ottawa and Washington, D.C., 1990.

International Joint Commission (IJC). Living with the Red. A Report to the Governments of Canada and the United States on Reducing Flood Impacts in the Red River Basin. Ottawa and Washington, D.C., 2000.

International Red River Board (IRRB). Third Annual Progress Report. Ottawa and Washington, D.C., 2002.

Kellow, RL; Williamson, DA. Transboundary Considerations in Evaluating Interbasin Water Transfers. Proceedings of the 2001 Water Management Conference, U.S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, 2001.

Koshida, G; Burton, I; Cohen, SJ; Cuthbert, D; Mayer, N; Mills, B; Mortsch, L; Slivitsky, M; Smith, J. Climate change: Practising adaptive management for sustainability of Canadian water resources. In: B Mitchell, D Shrubsole, eds. Practising Sustainable Water Management: Canadian and International Experiences (pp. 75-98). Cambridge, Ontario: Canadian Water Resources Association, 1997.

Koshida, G; Mills, B; Sanderson, M. Adaptation lessons learned (and forgotten) from the 1988 and 1998 Southern Ontario droughts. In: I Burton, M Kerry, S Kalhok, M Vandierendonck, eds. Report of the Adaptation Learning Experiment (pp. 23-35). Toronto: Environment Canada and Emergency Preparedness Canada, 1999.

Krenz, G; Leitch, J. A River Runs North, 2nd ed. Moorhead, MN: Red River Water Resources Council, 1998.

Kunkel, K; Changnon, S. Transposed climates for the study of water supply variability on the Laurentian Great Lakes. Climatic Change 38:387-404, 1998.

Ladan, M. Low Muskoka water levels heighten risk for boaters. Toronto Star, August 5, 1998.

Lee, DH; Quinn, FH. Modification of Great Lakes regulation plans for simulation of maximum Lake Ontario outflow. Journal of Great Lakes Research 20:569-582, 1994.

Lettenmaier, DP; Wood, AW; Palmer, RN; Wood, EF; Stakhiv, EZ. Water resources implications of global warming: A U.S. regional perspective. Climatic Change 43(3):537-579, 1999.

Liard, KR; Fritz, SC; Maasch, KA; Cumming, BF. Greater drought intensity and frequency before AD1200 in the Northern Great Plains, USA. Nature 384(12):552-554, 1996.

Lofgren, BM; Quinn, FH; Clites, AH; Assel, RA; Eberbardt, AJ; Luukkonen, CL. Evaluation of the potential impacts on Great Lakes water resources based on climate scenarios of two GCMs. Journal of Great Lakes Research 28:537-554, 2002.

Longbottom, R. Fish left without a place to swim. The Hamilton Spectator, November 7, N1, 1998.

Lucas, AR. Security of Title in Canadian Water Rights. Calgary: The Canadian Institute of Resources Law, Faculty of Law, University of Calgary, 1990.

Marr, L. Farms desperate for water: This has been one of the driest years on record in Canada. The Hamilton Spectator, December 17, A1, 1998.

Merritt, W; Alila, Y; Hydrology. In Cohen et al., 63-88, 2004.

Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Drought Response Plan. Lansing, MI: Office of Water Resources, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, 1988.

Miles, EL; Hamlet, AF; Snover, AK; Callahan, B; Fluharty, D. Pacific Northwest regional assessment: The impacts of climate variability and climate change on the water resources of the Columbia River Basin. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 36(2):399-420, 2000.

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Drought Response Plan. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Natural Resources—Division of Waters, 1993.

Moorhouse, J. Water crisis. Penticton Herald, July 31, 2003.

Mortsch, L; Quinn, F. Climate change scenarios for Great Lakes Basin ecosystem studies. Limnology and Oceanography 41(5):903-911, 1996.

Mortsch, L; Hengeveld, H; Lister, M; Lofgren, B; Quinn, F; Silvitzky, M; Wenger, L. Climate change impacts on the hydrology of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence system. Canadian Water Resources Journal 25:153-179, 2000.

Mote, P; Canning, D; Fluharty, D; Francis, R; Franklin, J; Hamlet, A; Hershman, M; Holmberg, M; Gray-Ideker, K; Keeton, WS; Lettenmaier, D; Leung, R; Mantua, N; Miles, E; Noble, B; Parandvash, H; Peterson, DW; Snover, A; Willard, S. Impacts of Climate Variability and Change, Pacific Northwest. Washington, D.C.: National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration, Office of Global Programs; and Seattle, WA: JISAO/SMA Climate Impacts Group, 1999.

National Post. Appeal over Lake Superior water pollution. November 28, A6, 1998.

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan). Water resources. In: Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation: A Canadian Perspective. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Directorate. Ottawa: Natural Resources Canada, 2002.

Neilsen, D; Smith, CAS; Koch, W; Frank, G; Hall, J; Parchomchuk, P. Impact of climate change on irrigated agriculture in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia. Final Report, Climate Change Action Fund Project A087. Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa, 2001.

New York State Drought Management Task Force. New York State Drought Preparedness Plan. Albany, NY: New York State Drought Management Task Force—Department of Environmental Conservation, 1982.

Nolan, D. Low Great Lakes water levels continue; consecutive record-breaking warm years costing shippers and spoiling boaters' fun. The Hamilton Spectator, December 31, A2, 1999.

Ohio Emergency Management Agency. Ohio Drought Response Plan. Columbus, OH: Ohio Emergency Management Agency, 1994.

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture Food and Rural Affairs, Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Ontario Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, Association of Municipalities of Ontario, Conservation Ontario. Ontario Low Water Response, 2001.

Poplar River Bilateral Monitoring Committee (PRBMC). 2001 Annual Report to the Governments of Canada, United States, Saskatchewan and Montana, PRBMC, 2002.

Rannie, WF. Hydroclimate, Flooding and Runoff in the Red River Basin Prior to 1870. Geological Survey of Canada Open File 3705. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, 1999.

Romahn, J. Nobody alive has seen such a year. The Record, September 21, D1, 1998.

Sauchyn, DJ; Beaudoin, AB. Recent environmental change in the southwestern Canadian plains. The Canadian Geographer 42(4):337-353, 1998.

Schuck, P. Park ducks die during dry spring. The Record, May 23, B1, 1998.

Shepherd, P. Adaptation experiences. In Cohen et al., 137-160 and Appendix, 213-216, 2004.

Toronto Star. High temperatures bad for muskies. Toronto Star, August 19, 1998.

van Rijn, N. Forest fire season a month early in north. Toronto Star, May 3, 1998.

van Rijn, N. Sizzling summer cooks record books. Toronto Star, July 31, 1999.

Volmers, E. Residents hit water to beat heat. The Cambridge Reporter, August 9, A3, 2001.

Watershed News. Low water in regional streams. Okanagan Nation Alliance—Fisheries Department, Westbank, B.C. September 12, 2003a.

Watershed News. Low water in regional streams. Okanagan Nation Alliance—Fisheries Department, Westbank, B.C. October 20, 2003b.

Wolfe, ME. A Landowners Guide to Western Water Rights. Bozeman, MT: The Watercourse, Montana State University, 1996.

Younglai, R. Residents asked to cut water use. The Cambridge Reporter, August 10, A1, 2001.

Boating Secrets Uncovered

Boating Secrets Uncovered

If you're wanting to learn about boating. Then this may be the most important letter you'll ever read! You Are Going To Get An In-Depth Look At One Of The Most Remarkable Boating Guides There Is Available On The Market Today. It doesn't matter if you are just for the first time looking into going boating, this boating guide will get you on the right track to a fun filled experience.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment