Donald A Wilhite And Margie Buchanansmith


I. Introduction 4

II. Drought as Hazard: Concepts, Definition, and Types... 5

A. Types of Drought 7

B. Characterizing Drought and Its Severity 11

III. Drought as Disaster: The Social/Political Context 12

IV. The Challenge of Drought Early Warning 16

V. Examples of the Interaction of Drought with the Wider Social/Political Context 19

A. Southern Africa Food Crisis of 2002-2003 19

B. Drought and War in South Sudan in 1998 20

C. Recent Drought Years in the United States, 1996-2004 22

VI. Drought-Vulnerable vs. Drought-Resilient Society 22

VII. Summary and Conclusion 24

References 27

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