Vegetarian Bodybuilding

V3 Plant-based Fitness

Chris Willitts, creator of V3 has been in the bodybuilding and vegetarian for over 20 years and 10 years respectively. He was inspired to launch his vegetarian bodybuilding platform having seeing the need the vegetarianism is an effective tool to be applied in the bodybuilding industry. He majored in flexibility, strength, and mind-body interrelation. Having switched to the plant-based diet he included meditation. V3 Vegetarian Bodybuilding System is a combination of Chris advice and science on how to eat in line with one's fitness goals, infusing the whole program with mind-body awareness. The system is designed not only for vegetarians, but semi-vegetarians, part-time vegetarians, vegans, or undecided. The V3 Bodybuilding system is a self-guided system the does not include one-on-one coaching. The V3 has been deliberated upon by top plant-based fitness experts in the industry before coming up with something that has an assurance of getting positive results to the general populace. The V3 Bodybuilding System is not an eBook. It is actually a membership-based online resource (which some parts of the worksheet are available for download as PDFs). This product is easy to understand and it is newbie friendly that do not require any level of technical skills. Read more...

V3 Plantbased Fitness Summary


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Recently several visitors of blog have asked me about this ebook, which is being advertised quite widely across the Internet. So I decided to buy a copy myself to find out what all the fuss was about.

My opinion on this e-book is, if you do not have this e-book in your collection, your collection is incomplete. I have no regrets for purchasing this.

Meateating vegetarians and cannibals

The tammar wallabies which live on Kangaroo Island in South Australia, were considered to be strict herbivores. However, I have a colleague who spent many hours quietly following them and recording what they ate. To his surprise - and the disbelief of many - he discovered that they are not the obligate vegetarians everyone assumed them to be. On the contrary they are frequently carnivorous. Strictly vegetarian Another Australian mammal which was believed to be a strict vegetarian is the dugong. Not so it seems. These large marine beasts, like some other herbivores I have mentioned, are repeat grazers of seagrass, thus ensuring a constant supply of flush new growth, high in soluble nitrogen. However, recent research has revealed that they are omnivores. They feed extensively on animals called sea squirts, bursting their hard exterior and eating the soft contents. They have also been seen to eat fish caught in nets. And so it goes. How many more cryptic meat-eating vegetarians do we...

Going Vegetarian or Vegan Sort Of

Eating fewer meat products can really help reduce your carbon footprint. Over the course of one year, the impact of going vegetarian is similar to trading in your regular car for a hybrid car. Taking that a step further, going vegan is like trading in your regular car for . . . well, no car at all. You don't need to go full-out vegetarian. Try starting with going one or two days per week without meat. The next best solution is to try to buy locally raised or wild meat, which usually comes from smaller, less energy-intensive operations. Chapter 18 covers more options for reducing your carbon footprint through your food choices.

Veggie Power

Biodiesel is a clean-burning fuel made from things like vegetable oil (including used cooking oil, called WVO for waste vegetable oil), algae, and animal fat. Most biodiesel is made from soybean oil and can be used in most diesel engines without any modifications. You can also mix it with petroleum-based diesel fuel, which is a good idea if you live in a cold climate because biodiesel can be sluggish when the temperature drops. Unlike straight veggie oil (covered in the next section), biodiesel is EPA approved for use as a fuel. Another alternative fuel that's gained momentum is veggie oil, sometimes called straight vegetable oil (SVO) to distinguish it from biodiesel. You can convert diesel vehicles using a special kit, so they have two fuel tanks one for diesel and one for vegetable oil, which is thicker than diesel. Because it's thicker, SVO needs to be warmed up (which thins it) to work properly, so diesel is typically used to start the car. Once the engine is warm, it can switch...

Conclusion Green can be Irrational

In the middle of the 19th century, a Catholic monk started interfering with nature. By 1865, Gregor Johann Mendel had published his 'laws' following his experiments of inbreeding lines of pea plants by means of repeated self-pollination. This gross interference with the natural law caused no outrage, no indignation, nothing. In fact, it was not until 1900 that three other botanists stumbled across Mendel's work and realised its significance. Today, this pioneering work is at heart of modern agriculture. We all eat modified food - especially vegetarians.

Of risks and hazards uncertainty and indecision

Eliminates the risk of a skiing accident. The decision not to eat beef, in contrast, does not safeguard against nvCJD some of the victims were vegetarians, others were infected by blood products. While conventional risks are subject to calculations of probability, public hazards such as the BSE nvCJD conjuncture cannot be encompassed by the traditional conceptions of risk since the unknowns far outweigh what is known.

The energy cost of Tiddles Fido and Shadowfax

There are perhaps 8 million cats in Britain. Let's assume you look after one of them. The energy cost of Tiddles If she eats 50 g of meat per day (chicken, pork, and beef), then the last section's calculation says that the power required to make Tiddles' food is just shy of 2 kWh per day. A vegetarian cat would require less.

From plants to energy

Any herbivore or vegetarian can tell you that plants are full of energy, but some plants can power more than just people and animals. When you ferment plants that are high in sugar, such as corn and sugarcane, they form a kind of alcohol, known as ethanol, that you can use as a fuel (or bio-fuel, meaning it comes from living organisms).

Beyond calculating and all over the world

One notable exception is on the Carbon Footprint site. It allows you to work out the emissions from your house, flights, car, motorbike, bus and rail travel, and an intriguing category called Secondary. This covers other possible sources of emissions, including food preferences (vegetarian, organic and so on), fashion, packaging, furniture and electrical appliances, recycling, recreation and use of financial services. And it works not only in the US and Germany but also in such low polluters as Burkina Faso and Tajikistan.

Personal Energy Responsibility

While the choice to become a vegetarian or a vegan is extreme for many people, it is important to realize that reducing your personal consumption of meat reduces the amount of energy that you use in society. Not only do meat processing plants use large amounts of water and energy, the process of breeding animals requires that large fields of alfalfa be planted. Growing crops like alfalfa has its own energy requirements for pesticide production, water irrigation, and planting, tilling, and harvesting. Finally, choosing local food sources is a way that you can reduce your energy demand. Foods sold in supermarkets have often traveled for several thousand miles before they are available on the market. Alternatively, local agriculture operations have a wide variety of foods without the additional energy requirements of long-distance travel. If one were to trace back all of the energy inputs that are involved in processing and distributing food, it would be surprising to...

Public Awareness Campaigns

A cafe serving organic and vegetarian foods, and computer terminals providing public access to the Internet. The building itself demonstrates ecological principles for example, it utilizes extensive natural lighting and recycled materials and is located in an underutilized building in the heart of the city-center. The Ark also represents an interesting local collaboration. The educational center is run by Environ, the environmental charity, the cafe is operated by a whole-foods caterer, and the city owns the building but provides it at a highly subsidized lease rate (Environ, 1996).

Ford Environmentalism with No Teeth

In 1997, two years before becoming chairman of the board of Ford Motor Company, William Clay Ford Jr. was saying publicly that the auto industry needed to show leadership on climate change and not be seen as dragging its feet as it had with safety, smog, and fuel economy. He closed a speech by saying, Environmental stewardship is a heartfelt concern of our customers and of policymakers around the world. It should be a top priority for the auto industry in the twenty-first century. The challenge is clear we must lead the green revolution. 88 Bill Ford's credentials are impeccable and genuine a vegetarian and a strong environmentalist, he served on the board of directors of the Nature Conservancy and other environmental groups and had encouraged the company to be more environmental before joining its board in 1988.

Mariculture requirements and methods

Salt and brackish-water pond culture is the prevalent system in many Asian countries including Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. Ponds are stocked with species of grey mullet (Mugil) or with milk fish (Chanos chanos). Mullet are also cultivated in various lagoons around the Mediterranean. These are hardy species which can tolerate a wide range of salinity and temperature, and have the further advantage of being vegetarian feeders, mainly on detrital and microscopic plant material. The food chain is therefore short and corrrespondingly efficient, and the fish make rapid growth. In some of the brackish fish-ponds in Indonesia, enriched with sewage, production estimates for C. chanos have been as high as 5 tonnes per hectare per year.

Sustainable Food Growing Carrots and Community

It could be said that local organic food is flavour of the month. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the phenomenon of 'alternative agro-food networks', and locally-sourced organically-produced food has been proposed as a model of sustainable consumption. The claimed benefits include rural regeneration, livelihood security, cutting food miles and carbon dioxide emissions from transport, social embedding, community-building, and increasing connection to the land. Consequently, the recent revival of localised food supply chains and the rise in demand for specifically local organic produce has been described as a move towards a more sustainable food and farming system in the UK, and has driven the explosion of a grassroots movement of niche direct marketing outlets (farmers markets, farm shops, and veggie box subscription schemes) where consumers buy directly from growers. Are these consumers actively engaged in creating new food supply chains based upon alternative...

Herbivores are fussy eaters

The giant pandas of China also employ this creaming off tactic. Most people know that pandas live on a virtually exclusive diet of bamboo. What is not so well known is that they have an alimentary tract that is not at all conducive to digesting a vegetarian diet. They evolved from carnivorous ancestors and have retained the simple gut of a carnivore without any out-pocketings and gut microbes. They partially overcome this handicap by very selectively eating only some parts of the bamboo gaining four times more protein than from eating all of the plant. Yet this is not sufficient for their need for nitrogenous food. They have additionally evolved special teeth with which they can finely grind the bamboo, crushing more cells and making the contents available for quick assimilation. Yet they must still eat vast quantities (up to 6 per cent of their body weight each day), spend most of their time feeding, and pass the food through their guts in just eight hours, assimilating only the...

Notes and further reading

How much energy do we actually consume in order to get our 3 kWh per day If we enlarge our viewpoint to include the inevitable upstream costs of food production, then we may find that our energy footprint is substantially bigger. It depends if we are vegan, vegetarian or carnivore. Do these calculations give an argument in favour of vegetarianism, on the grounds of lower energy consumption It depends on where the animals feed. Take the steep hills and mountains of Wales, for example. Could the land be used for anything other than grazing Either these rocky pas-turelands are used to sustain sheep, or they are not used to help feed humans. You can think of these natural green slopes as maintenance-free biofuel plantations, and the sheep as automated self-replicating biofuel-harvesting machines. The energy losses between sunlight and mutton are substantial, but there is probably no better way of capturing solar power in such places. (I'm not sure whether this argument for sheep-farming...

Questioning consumption

The 1999 Green Party (England and Wales) Manifesto for a Sustainable Society states that 'growth in human numbers is probably the greatest long-term threat to achieving ecological stability either locally or throughout the world' (1999, p. 100). It is certainly central to most radical green pictures of the sustainable society that population levels would be lower than they are currently, although there is disagreement about what levels would actually be sustainable. Irvine and Ponton put the level for Britain at about 30 million people, which is (as they say) about half its current level (1988, p. 22). Bunyard and Morgan-Grenville, however, suggest that Britain could sustain 55 million people more or less self-reliantly - but only if we could all first be converted to vegetarianism (1987, pp. 94-6). Edward Goldsmith has put the globally sustainable figure at 3,500 million ('and probably a good deal less' 1972, p. 57), which means somehow losing about 1,800 million of the current world...

Campylobacter Infection

That stubby little bacterium is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in the Western world, and responsible for over 2 million illness in the United States annually. Although micro-biologists encountered campylobacter long years ago, only relatively recently has it been tagged as responsible for scads of foodborne illnesses via three prime routes. Researchers at the University of Wales College of Medicine and the Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Center, now inform us that bottled water, prepackaged veggie salads, and chicken are campylobacter's major vectors. As for veggies, we readily recall the recent outbreak of E. coli O157 H7 induced gastroenteritis during September, October, and November 2006, that felled over 100 people who had eaten prepackaged raw spinach and green onions. More about this in the discussion of food irradiation. Would you believe that we consume about 2 billion gallons of bottled...

Historical specificity

We might want to quibble over the detail of these claims, but it would be foolish to deny the broad parallels between the combination of scientific rationalism and Romantic arcadianism in both the nineteenth century and today's ecology movement. These (and other) parallels have been reaffirmed by Bramwell in the belief that the import of her earlier work has been largely accepted (Bramwell, 1994, pp. 25-33). Vincent believes that these parallels have been deliberately overlooked due to the reactionary political views associated with such positions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Basing his argument largely on Bramwell's work, he suggests that the carriers of ecology in this period were primarily conservatives and nationalists (particularly of a 'folkish' persuasion) and, later, fascists and Nazis - it is by now de rigueur to point out that Himmler established an organic farm at Dachau concentration camp, and that both Himmler and Hitler were vegetarians...

Climate Action in Dining Services

In addition to having many environmental and health benefits, local and organic food also reduces greenhouse gas emissions from trucking and fertilizer applications. Vegetarian options also have lower greenhouse gas emissions per serving than meat because animals produce methane, a potent greenhouse gas, and there are greater life-cycle emissions associated with meat production.

Our climatic inheritance

Alongside the issue of how our physique has changed since palaeolithic times, there is the more specific question of just how much our diet has changed. The inference from the existing studies is that the breadth of the palaeolithic diet and its heavy reliance on animal protein was healthy, the assumption that the introduction of a cereal-based diet led to a general decline in health is much less easy to substantiate. The switch away from the broad plant-based content of the diet in the Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic may have been the important factor in these changes. Even so, any attempt to assert that the replacement of this broad plant-based diet by a much narrower cereal-based diet led to the declining health of the Neolithic peoples takes us into controversial territory. For example, the current debate about the merits or demerits of the high-protein, low-carbohydrate Atkins diet has embraced the issue of whether the evolutionary consequences of the palaeolithic diet may make...

Eating Green Its Not Just Spinach Anymore

Today, Mom's old advice has gotten an update Eat everything green every day. You don't have to become a vegetarian (although, as page 182 notes, you'd reduce your carbon footprint if you did). Eating green means saying no to farming practices that harm the earth and treat animals as assembly-line products choosing foods that aren't drenched with synthetic insecticides, weed-killers, and other potentially harmful chemicals and, if possible, growing your own fruits and veggies to get the freshest, healthiest food possible.

Driven Inwards by Incessant Blows

The successor to Australopithecus was a slightly brainier type of animal, usually referred to as the earliest member of our human genus, Homo. These creatures appeared on the African scene sometime around 2.5 million years ago. The earliest forms of Homo retained some of the features of their predecessors, including long, gangly arms that would have allowed them to climb trees when not walking on the ground. Nevertheless, they were clever enough to invent and use the first stone tool technology, simple flakes of sharp stone known as Oldowan tools (fig. 3.2). Despite the simplicity of the innovation, such tools were evidently useful enough to cut meat from scavenged carcasses. The diet of these early toolmakers certainly remained mostly vegetarian, but if they could quickly cut meat from some other animal's prey, they could get some easy protein to fuel their expanded brains. In ecological terms,


Cultivation of vegetarian species avoids the need for expensive, high-protein food. In Asia, vegetarian species such as the milkfish (Chanos chanos) do well in captivity. The only European marine fish which feed largely on vegetable matter and are well suited to culture are grey mullet, but their flesh is not widely popular. Bivalve molluscs do not need to be fed artificially as they filter phytoplankton from the water.

The Human Wedge

What was Australopithecus It was a somewhat apelike, mostly vegetarian creature with a few evolutionary novelties. For one thing, as best we can tell from the fossil bones, Australopithecus stood upright and walked on two legs. Indeed, the 3.8-million-year-old fossil site of Laetoli in Tanzania has remarkably preserved the footprints of three Australopithecus individuals who traversed some recently lain volcanic ash. But they did not tower over their contemporary animals, for evidence from the famous Lucy skeleton of Ethiopia (3.2 million years old) shows that they were about three and a half feet tall.1 Robert Louis Stevenson wrote Despite our wisdom and sensible talking, we on our feet must go plodding and walking. 2 The plodding and walking is our heritage from Australopithecus the wisdom and sensible talking came only later in our evolutionary history. Stevenson's apt phraseology becomes apparent if you have ever tried to run from a charging carnivore. Be it a leopard or your...

The Soybean Factor

When we think of soybeans in our daily diet, it is typically as tofu, veggie burgers, or other meat substitutes. But most of the world's fast-growing soybean harvest is consumed indirectly in the beef, pork, poultry, milk, eggs, and farmed fish that we eat. Although not a visible part of our diets, the incorporation of soybean meal into feed rations has revolutionized the world feed industry, greatly increasing the efficiency with which grain is converted into animal protein.26

Collective identity

This green culture is more variable than green ideology. Ideas about the nature of problems and broad principles about the desirable alternative society that constitute green ideology (see Chapter Three) are more easily translated than ways of speaking, lifestyle, and expectations about behaviour, which are sustained more by routine interaction in everyday situations. For instance, Faucher (1999) has noted important differences between the extent of lifestyle politics among activists in the green parties in Britain and France. In Britain, the question of what to eat was a political one. To be vegetarian was superior to being a meat eater. In France, vegetarianism was not necessarily accepted as superior and was much less widespread than in Britain. Many other differences separated activists in the two parties. The French were mostly astonished to be asked whether green politics was spiritual, the British mostly took this aspect of green politics for granted. Sentiments based on deep...


Siphonophora Zooplankton

The zooplankton includes both vegetarian and carnivorous feeders. The vegetarian forms feed upon phytoplankton, and are often referred to as 'herbivores' or 'grazers' because their position in the food chains of the sea is comparable with that of herbivorous animals on land. These animals have efficient filtration mechanisms for sieving microscopic food dispersed in large volumes of water. The planktonic herbivores are mainly copepods, euphausids, cladocera, mysids, thecosomatous pteropods and the urochordates. The Larvacea secrete peculiar 'houses' which contain an exceptionally fine filter for collection of nanoplankton and ultraplankton. These Urochordates are an important food for certain fish, especially in their young stages (see page 337), and thus form a significant link between the smallest plankton and the larger metazoa (Alldredge, 1977). Planktonic carnivores include medusae, ctenophores, chaetognaths, polychaetes, hyperiid amphipods and gymnosomatous pteropods. Feeding...

Peter Singer

Where he met his wife Renata, with whom he has had three daughters. While at the University of Melbourne he participated in the movement against the Vietnam War. Later, when he was continuing his studies at the University of Oxford, this experience inspired his first book Democracy and Disobedience. It was in Oxford that he first learned about the conditions in which animals are kept in laboratories and factory farms, when he met the vegetarians to whom Animal Liberation is dedicated. Relying on these modest premises, Singer argues that it is wrong to cause millions of animals the most terrible suffering in factory farms for the sake of a trivial difference in taste to our meals, and that it is wrong to allow people in poor countries to die of starvation, when we could prevent their deaths by making donations which do not represent unbearable costs to ourselves. In so doing, he develops a number of arguments which conclude that most of us should, like him, become vegetarians and...


From an environmental point of view this looks very promising. Yet - as ever - the devil is in the detail what, precisely, does 'unless unavoidable' mean Carnivores and vegetarians, for example, will have different answers to this question. More broadly still, the 'unless unavoidable' proviso takes us back full circle to an earlier point that the idea of environmental sustainability enjoins us, by definition, to have a definitive moral conception of 'people's appropriate relation to nature' - precisely the kind of conception, though, that liberalism eschews.

Green Consumerism

Consumerism Ecological Problem

People who want to make environmentally appropriate food choices must consider the issue of meat eating. Because livestock eat grain and soybeans, meat is an energy-inefficient food form. Twenty vegetarians could be fed by the same amount of land needed to feed one meat-eating person (Hollender, 1990). Although meat could be produced in environmentally sustainable ways, currently it is not. Land degradation from grazing now constitutes one of the planet's most serious environmental problems 90 of harmful organic waste-water pollution is attributable to U.S. livestock, and livestock produces 250,000 pounds of excrement per second. Such pollution destroys fish and shellfish in rivers subjected to livestock runoff. Because feedlots are so unhealthy, 55 of antibiotics in the United States are given to livestock, posing health risks for humans who eat them (Hollender, 1990). Part of the difficulty in changing our food consumption habits arises from social diffusion With everyone else...

Mahatma Gandhi

During his education in England, Gandhi rediscovered the virtues of his family's vegetarianism, albeit on the moral grounding articulated by Henry Salt, and inspired by Shelley, Thoreau, Whitman and Ruskin. At the same time Gandhi sought out theosophists who initiated him into a non-ritual moral reading of the Bhagavad Gita this instilled humanitarian ideals that were to take Gandhi further towards a complete break with Western civilization. In South Africa, where he went to practise as an attorney, Gandhi withdrew from time to time to deepen his understanding of Tolstoy, the Upanishads, Quakerism, the Gospels through contacts with Trappists, Methodists and Jewish acquaintances. He also tried his hand at living in a commune. The influence of Ruskin's

The food supply

The food supply of the benthic macrofauna derives, directly or indirectly, almost entirely from living and dead particulate matter sinking from the overlying water. There is very little primary production of food on the sea-bed because plants can grow only where there is sufficient light for photosynthesis. Vegetation on the sea bottom is therefore limited to shallow water. Large algae produce a lush growth on and near the shore, especially in middle latitudes, and form a primary food source which supports many omnivorous and vegetarian animals, and contributes quantities of organic debris to the local sediments. This vegetation seldom extends deeper than some 40-60 m and is confined to areas of rocky bottom, or stones large enough to provide secure attachment for the plants. Rock and sediment in shallow water may also be covered with a thin microfloral film, mainly diatoms and other unicellular algae. Surface layers of sediments contain large numbers of


On a local scale, freshwater fish culture has been practised from early times, in many parts of the world, particularly in the warmer areas. The Chinese were rearing carp 4000 years ago and in developed countries, before the advent of modern refrigeration techniques, the fish pond provided a ready source of fresh protein. Many, usually fast-growing, vegetarian species are cultivated in shallow ponds. The growth of suitable pond weed for their food is encouraged by enriching the water with sewage or organic refuse. Where sunshine keeps the water temperature high, biological processes proceed very rapidly and remarkably high rates of food production can be obtained from efficiently managed fish ponds. Capital and labour costs may be low, and land unsuitable for ordinary agriculture can often be profitably farmed in this way although there are often problems with water supply.


So, a general picture emerges vegetarians are not really vegetarians - at least not when they are growing youngsters. Why, then, is this access to animal tissue (or, as we saw in the previous chapter, nitrogen-rich micro-organisms) apparently so vital and universal for herbivores And if not for grown adults, at least for females generating and nurturing their young and for neonates Simply because plant food - a vegetarian diet - just does not provide sufficient protein for the rapid and exponential growth of a young animal's body. And this carnivory is still necessary even though, as we have seen in earlier chapters, all herbivores have evolved a wide variety of behavioural, anatomical and physiological adaptations to maximise their access to what digestible nitrogen there is in their plant food. Nevertheless, the list of vegetarians which are not truly so is diverse, and growing. Why has it taken so long to discover this universal nitrogen-hunger of plant-eaters Because, I suspect,...

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