Atwell, B. J., Kriedemann, P. E., and Turnbull, C. G. N. (eds.) (1999) Plants in Action: Adaptation in Nature, Performance in Cultivation. Macmillan, South Yarra, Australia.

Aubry, M.-P., Lucas, S. G., and Berggren, W. A. (eds.) (1998) Late Paleocene-Early Eocene Climatic and Biotic Events in the Marine and Terrestrial Records. Columbia University Press, New York.

Austin, J., Butchart, N., and Shine, K. P. (1992) Possibility of an Arctic ozone hole in a doubled-C02 climate. Nature 360, 221-225.

Bennett, K. D. (1990) Milankovitch cycles and their effects on species in ecological and evolutionary time. Paleobiology 16, 11-21.

Bennett, K. D. (2004) Continuing the debate on the role of Quaternary environmental change for macroevolution. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 359, 295-303.

Blaustein, A. R., Belden, L. K., Olson, D. H., Green, D. M., Root, T. L., and Kiesecker, J. M. (2001) Amphibian breeding and climate change. Conservation Biology 15, 1804-1809.

Blaustein, A. R., Romansic, J. M., Kiesecker, J. M., and Hatch, A. C. (2003) Ultraviolet radiation, toxic chemicals and amphibian population declines. Diversity and Distributions 9, 123-140.

Blumthaler, M., Ambach, W., and Ellinger, R. (1997) Increase in solar UV radiation with altitude. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B, Biology 39, 130-134.

Brass, L. J. (1941) The 1938-39 expedition to the Snow Mountains, Netherlands New Guinea. J. Arnold Arbor. 22, 271-342.

Brass, L. J. (1964) Results of the Archbold Expeditions No. 86: Summary of the Sixth Archbold Expedition to New Guinea. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 127, 145215.

Brookfield, H. C. (1964) The ecology of highland settlement: Some suggestions. American Anthropologist 66, 20-38.

Bruijnzeel, L. A. and Proctor, J. (1993) Hydrology and biogeochemistry of tropical montane cloud forests: What do we really know? In: L. S. Hamilton, J. O. Juvik, and F. N. Scatena (eds.), Tropical Montane Cloud Forests (pp. 25-46). East-West Center, Honolulu, HI.

Bruijnzeel, L. A., Waterloo, M. J., Proctor, J., Kuiters, A. T., and Kotterink, B. (1993) Hydrological observations in montane forests on Gunung Silam, Sabah, Malaysia, with special reference to the "Massenerhebung" effect. Journal of Ecology 81, 145-167.

Bush, M. B. (1994) Amazonian speciation: A necessarily complex model. Journal of Bio-geography 21, 5-17.

Bush, M. B., Piperno, D. R., Colinvaux, C. A., De Oliveira, P. E., Krissek, L. A., Miller, M. C., and Rowe, W. L. (1992) A 14,300-year palaeoecological profile of a lowland tropical lake in Panama. Ecological Monographs 62, 251-275.

Caldwell, M. M. (1971) Solar UV irradiation and the growth and development of higher plants. In: A. C. Giese (ed.), Photophysiology (pp. 131-177). Academic Press, New York.

Caldwell, M. M. (1981) Plant response to solar ultraviolet radiation. In: O. L. Lange, P. S. Nobel, C. B. Osmond, and H. Ziegler (eds.), Physiological Plant Ecology, I: Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology (New Series, Vol.12A, pp. 169-197). Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Caldwell, M. M., Robberecht, R., and Billings, W. D. (1980) A steep latitudinal gradient of solar ultraviolet-B radiation in the arctic-alpine life zone. Ecology 61, 600-611.

Caldwell, M., Teramura, A. H., Tevini, M., Bornman, J. F., Bjorn, L. O., and Kulandaivelu, G. (1995) Effects of increased ultraviolet-radiation on terrestrial plants. Ambio 24, 166-173.

Caldwell, M. M., Bjorn, L. O., Bornman, J. F., Flint, S. D., Kulandaivelu, G., Teramura, A. H., and Tevini, M. (1998) Effects of increased solar ultraviolet radiation on terrestrial ecosystems. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B, Biology 46, 40-52.

Carey, C. and Alexander, M. A. (2003) Climatic change and amphibian declines: Is there a link? Diversity and Distributions 9.

Carvalho, S. M. P., Heuvelink, E., Cascais, R., and van Korten, O. (2002) Effect of day and night temperature on internode and stem length in Chrysanthemum: Is everything explained by DIF? Annals of Botany 90, 111-118.

Collins, J. P. and Storfer, A. (2003) Global amphibian declines: Sorting the hypotheses. Diversity and Distributions 9, 89-98.

Corlett, R. T. (1984) Human impact on the subalpine vegetation of Mt. Wilhelm, Papua New Guinea. Journal of Ecology 72, 841-854.

Daszak, P., Cunningham, A. A., and Hyatt, A. D. (2003) Infectious disease and amphibian population declines. Diversity and Distributions 9, 141-150.

Dave, J. V. and Halpern, P. (1976) Effect of changes in ozone amount on the ultraviolet radiation received at sea level of a model atmosphere. Atmospheric Environment 10, 547-555.

Du Puy, D. and Cribb, P. (1988) The Genus Cymbidium. Helm, Bromley, U.K.

Eldredge, N. and Gould, S. J. (1972) Punctuated equilibria: An alternative to phyletic gradualism. In: T. M. Schopf (ed.), Models in Paleobiology. Freeman, Cooper & Co., San Francisco.

Farrera, I., Harrison, S. P., Prentice, I. C., Bartlein, P. J., Bonnefille, R., Bush, M., Cramer, W., von Grafenstein, U., Holmgren, K., Hooghiiiemstra, H. et al. (1999) Tropical climates of the Last Glacial Maximum: A new synthesis of terrestrial palaeoclimate data. 1. Vegetation, lake levels and geochemistry. Climate Dynamics 15, 823-856.

Flenley, J. R. (1979) The Equatorial Rain Forest: A Geological History. Butterworths, London.

Flenley, J. R. (1993) The origins of diversity in tropical rain forests. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8, 119-120.

Flenley, J. R. (2005) Palynological richness and the tropical rain forest. In: E. Bermingham, E. C. Dick, and C. Moritz, C. (eds.), Tropical Rainforests: Past, Present, and Future. Chicago University Press, Chicago.

Flenley, J. R. and Richards, K. (eds.) (1982) The Krakatoa Centenary Expedition: Final Report (Miscellaneous Series No. 25). Geography Department, University of Hull, Hull, U.K.

Forster, R. M. (1982) A study of the spatial distribution of bryophytes on Rakata. In: J. R. Flenley, and K. Richards (eds.), The Krakatoa Centenary Expedition: Final Report (Miscellaneous Series No. 25, pp. 103-126). Geography Department, University of Hull, Hull, U.K.

Gentry, A. H. (1989) Speciation in tropical forests. In: L. B. Holm-Nielsen, I. C. Nielsen, and H. Balslev (eds.), Tropical Forests: Botanical Dynamics, Speciation and Diversity (pp. 113— 134). Academic Press, London.

Gleason, D. F. (2001) Ultraviolet radiation and coral communities. In: C. S. Cockell and A. R. Blaustein, (eds.), Ecosystems, Evolution and Ultraviolet Radiation (pp. 118-149). SpringerVerlag, New York.

Gleason, J. F., Bhartia, P. K., Herman, J. R., McPeters, R., Newman, P., Stolarski, S., Flynn, I., Labow, G., Larko, D., Seftor, C. et al. (1993) Record low global ozone in 1992. Science 260, 523-526.

Grubb, P. J. (1977) Control of forest growth and distribution on wet tropical mountains. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 8, 83-107.

Grubb, P. J. and Whitmore T. C. (1966) A comparison of montane and lowland rain forest in Ecuador, 2: The climate and its effects on the distribution and physiognomy of the forests. Journal of Ecology 54, 303-333.

Haffer, J. (1997) Alternative models of vertebrate speciation in Amazonia: An overview. Biodiversity and Conservation 6, 451-476.

Haffer, J. T. and Prance, G. T. (2001) Climatic forcing of evolution in Amazonia during the Cenozoic: On the refuge theory of biotic differentiation. Amazoniana—Limnologia et Oecologia regionalis systemae fluminis Amazonias 16, 579-605.

Hastenrath, S. (1968) Certain aspects of the three-dimensional distribution of climate and vegetation belts in the mountains of central America and southern Mexico. Colloquium Geogr. 9, 122-130.

Hope, G. S. (1986) Development of present day biotic distributions in the New Guinea mountains. In: B. A. Barlow (ed.), Flora and Fauna of Alpine Australasia: Ages and Origins (pp. 129-145). C.S.I.R.O., Melbourne.

Jansen, M. A. K., Gaba, V., and Greenberg, B. M. (1998) Higher plants and UV-B radiation: Balancing damage, repair and acclimation. Trends in Plant Science 3, 131-135.

Kats, L. B. and Ferrer R. P. (2003) Alien predators and amphibian declines: Review of two decades of science and the transition to conservation. Diversity and Distributions 9, 99-110.

Landsberg, H. E., Lippmans, H., Paffen, K. H., and Troll, C. (1966) World Maps of Climatology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Leach, D. G. (1962) Rhododendrons of the World. Allen & Unwin, London.

Leavitt, P. R., Vinebrooke, R. D., Donald, D. B., Smol, J. P., and Schindler, D. W. (1997) Past ultraviolet radiation environments in lakes derived from fossil pigments. Nature 388, 457459.

Lee, D. W. and Lowry, J. B. (1980a) Solar ultraviolet on tropical mountains: Can it affect plant speciation? The American Naturalist 115, 880-883.

Lee, D. W. and Lowry, J. B. (1980b) Young leaf anthocyanin and solar ultraviolet. Biotropica 12, 75-76.

Lindoo, S. J. and Caldwell, M. M. (1978) Ultraviolet-B radiation-induced inhibition of leaf expansion and promotion of anthocyanin production. Plant Physiology 61, 278-282.

Lodish, H., Berk, A., Zipursky, S. L., Matsudaira, P., Baltimore, D., and Darnell, J. (2000) Molecular Cell Biology. Freeman, New York.

Madronich, S., McKenzie, R. L., Caldwell, M. M., and Bjorn, L. O. (1995) Changes in ultraviolet light reaching the Earth's surface. Ambio 24, 143-152.

Martin, P. S. (1963) The Last 10,000 Years: A Fossil Pollen Record of the American Southwest. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.

Monteith, J. L. (1973) Principles of Environmental Physics. Arnold, London.

Morley, R. J. (2000) Origin and Evolution of Tropical Rain Forests. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, U.K.

Murali, N. S. and Teramura A. H. (1986a) Intraspecific differences in Cucumis sativus sensitivity to ultraviolet-B radiation. Physiol. Plant 68, 673-677.

Murali, N. S. and Teramura, A. H. (1986b) Effectiveness of UY-B radiation on the growth and physiology of field grown soybean modified by water stress. Photochemistry and Photo-biology 44, 215-219.

Murali, N. S. and Teramura, A. H. (1986c) Effects of supplemental ultraviolet-B radiation on the growth and physiology of field-grown soybean. Environmental and Experimental Botany 26, 233-242.

Pearson, P. N., Ditchfield, P. W., Singano, J., Harcourt-Brown, K. G., Nicholas, C. J., Olsson, R. K., Shackleton, N. J., and Hall, M. A. (2001) Warm tropical sea surface temperatures in the Late Cretaceous and Eocene epochs. Nature 413, 481-487.

Pietras, J. T., Carroll, A. R., Singer, B. S., and Smith, M. E. (2003) 10 Kyr depositional cyclicity in the early Eocene: Stratigraphic and Ar-40/Ar-39 evidence from the lacustrine Green River Formation. Geology 31, 593-596.

Salomans, J. B. (1986) Paleoecology of volcanic soils in the Colombian Central Cordillera (Parque Nacional de los Nevados). Dissertationes Botanicae 95, 1-212.

Schroeter, C. (1908) Das Pflanzenleben der Alpen: Eine Schilderung der Hochgebirgsflora. Yerlag von Albert Raustein, Zurich, Switzerland [in German].

Shindell, D. T., Rind, D., and Lonergan, P. (1998a) Increased polar stratospheric ozone losses and delayed eventual recovery owing to increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations. Nature 392, 589-592.

Shindell, D. T., Rind, D., and Lonergan, P. (1998b) Climate change and the middle atmosphere, Part IY: Ozone response to doubled CO2. J. Clim. 11, 895-918.

Sleumer, H. (1966) An Account of Rhododendron in Malesia. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Smith, P. M. and Warr, K. (eds.) (1991) Global Environmental Issues (295 pp.). Hodder & Stoughton/Open University, London.

Son, K. C., Kim, H., and Park, Y. S. (2002) Effects of DIF and temperature drop on the growth and flowering of Begonia x hiemalis. Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science 43, 492-496.

Stolarski, R., Bojkov, R., Bishop, L., Zerefos, C., Staehelin, J., and Zawodry, J. (1992) Measured trends in atmospheric ozone. Science 256, 342-349.

Storfer, A. (2003) Amphibian declines: Future directions. Diversity and Distributions 9, 151163.

Stuart, S. N., Chanson, J. S., Cox, N. A., Young, B. E., Rodrigues, A. S. L., Fischman, D. L., and Waller, R. W. (2004) Status and trends of Amphibian declines and extinctions worldwide. Science 306, 1783-1786.

Sullivan, J. H., Teramura, A. H., and Ziska, L. H. (1992) Yariation in UY-B sensitivity in plants from a 3,000-m elevational gradient in Hawaii. American Journal of Botany 79, 737-743.

Teramura, H. (1983) Effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on the growth and yield of crop plants. Physiol. Plant 58, 415-427.

Troll, C. (1959) Die tropischen Gebirge: Ihre dreidimensionale klimatische und pflanzengeographische Zonierung (93 pp.). Dummlers, Bonn [in German].

van de Staaij, J. W. M., Bolink, E., Rozema, J., and Ernst, W. H. O. (1997) The impact of elevated UY-B (280-320 nm) radiation on the reproduction biology of a highland and a lowland population of Silene vulgaris. Plant Ecology 128, 172-179.

van der Hammen, T. (1974) The Pleistocene changes of vegetation and climate in tropical South America. Journal of Biogeography 1, 3-26.

van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (1934-36) On the origin of the Malaysian mountain flora. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique Buitenzorg Series III: Part 1 13, 135-262; Part II 13, 289-417; Part III 14, 56-72.

van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (1972) The Mountain Flora of Java. E. J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Visscher, H., Looy, C. V., Collinson, M. E., Brinkhuis, H., Cittert, J. H. A. V. K. V., Kurschner, W. M., and Sephton, M. A. (2004) Environmental mutagenesis during the end-Permian ecological crisis. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101, 12952-12956.

Walker, D. and Flenley, J. R. (1979) Late Quaternary vegetational history of the Enga District of upland Papua New Guinea. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 286, 265-344.

Wilf, P., Cuneo, N. R., Johnson, K. R., Hicks, J. F., Wing, S. L., and Obradovich, J. D. (2003) High plant diversity in Eocene South America: Evidence from Patagonia. Science 300,122125.

Willis, K. J. and Niklas, K. J. (2004) The role of Quaternary environmental change in plant macroevolution: The exception or the rule? Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 359, 159-172.

Zachos, J., Pagani, M., Sloan, L. et al. (2001) Trends, rhythms and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present. Science 292, 686-693.

0 0

Post a comment