Regional Climatic Influences

Before describing the climatology and behaviour of tropical cyclones in the South Pacific, it is important to present an outline of some of the major controls on regional climatology. This provides a necessary yardstick for comparison between normal patterns and extreme events, and helps to explain many aspects of tropical cyclone formation in later chapters. Meteorological characteristics of the region are not described here, but for those interested in weather patterns and detailed meteorology of various island groups in the study area, readers are directed to several of the internet Web sites of the national climate service providers in the South Pacific.1

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