Population densities

Figure J.1 shows the areas of various regions versus their populations. Diagonal lines on this diagram are lines of constant population density. Bangladesh, on the rightmost-but-one diagonal, has a population density of 1000 per square kilometre; India, England, the Netherlands, and Japan have population densities one third that: about 350 per km2. Many European countries have about 100 per km2. At the other extreme, Canada, Australia, and Libya have population densities of about 3 people per km2. The central diagonal line marks the population density of the world: 43 people per square kilometre. America is an average country from this point of view: the 48 contiguous states of the USA have the same population density as the world. Regions that are notably rich in area, and whose population density is below the average, include Russia, Canada, Latin America, Sudan, Algeria, and Saudi Arabia.

Of these large, area-rich countries, some that are close to Britain, and with whom Britain might therefore wish to be friendly, are Kazakhstan, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, and Sudan.

1e+08

1e+07

1e+06

8 100000

10000

1e+08

1e+07

1e+06

8 100000

10000

10000

100000

1e+08

1e+09

10000

100000

Singapore Gaza Strip 1e+06 1e+07 population

1e+08

1e+09

Figure J.1. Populations and areas of countries and regions of the world. Both scales are logarithmic. Each sloping line identifies a population density; countries with highest population density are towards the lower right, and lower population densities are towards the upper left. These data are provided in tabular form on p341.

Kaza khstan Sudan ArgentinaD,

Algeria DRC

Libya

Bolivia

Somalia

New Zealand

Russia

Canada

Australia

Saudi Arabia

Iran

Niger Mali

Peru South Africa

Colombia Tanzania

Ethio

Venezuelan ^ Chile Mozambique

, Afghanistan

Myanmar

Egypt Turkey

^ga^men^y^ +S;Uinranence

Venezuelan ^ Chile Mozambique

, Afghanistan

Myanmar

Egypt Turkey

^ga^men^y^ +S;Uinranence

Japan tnam hilippines ingdom p

United K

United K

Brazil USA

China

Brazil USA

Mexico Indonesia

European Uni India

Mexico Indonesia pia

Nigeria Pakistan

Japan tnam hilippines ingdom

1e+08 population

Figure J.2. Populations and areas of countries and regions of the world. Both scales are logarithmic. Sloping lines are lines of constant population density. This figure shows detail from figure J.1 (p338).

These data are provided in tabular form on p341.

ie+07

ie+06

ie+07

ie+09

Region

Population

Land area (km2)

People per km2

Area each (m2)

World

6440000000

148000000

43

23100

Asia

3 670000000

44 500000

82

12100

Africa

778000000

30 000000

26

38 600

Europe

732000000

9 930000

74

13500

North America

483000000

24 200000

20

50 200

Latin America

342000000

17800000

19

52 100

Oceania

31000000

7680000

4

247000

Antarctica

4000

13 200000

Table J.3. Population densities of the continents. These data are displayed graphically in figures J.1 and J.2. Data are from 2005.

South North Da

Montana

New Wyoming

Dakota 'f

Ma West

1 per sq km 43 per sq km 1000 per sq km

MNeVaOb^'orado ho Utah> . Kansas Minnesc braskaokiahomfMissouri Wash IowWisconsiGeorgia M Arkansas . AlabamaNo

/MississKen:,Ckou;;Afsmarg

Virginia

Ireland

* Hawaii nt New Hampshire

Wales

Mass. N

Connecticut » pUerto Rico

Rhode Island

Mass. N

Connecticut » pUerto Rico

/ /

Texas »

California »

Michigan

UK

gton Florida rtrfjMfWew York ni=Ohfilnsylvania

England

chusetts ew Jersey

/

/

1 per sq km 43 per sq km 1000 per sq km

Cyprus

Northern Ireland

Kingdom

Scotland ^ Latvia. ^nitithuaJ

lia a"d Herzegovina.*C|;,'Sslo;aakia

•Moldova Armenia® »Albania •Macedonia Slovenia; ■ Wales

Northern Ireland

1e+07 population

Alask

1e+06

1e+06

100000

100000

Vermo

10000

10000

1e+06

1e+08

1e+06

1e+08

Figure J.4. Populations and areas of the States of America and regions around Europe.

Region

Population

Area

People

Area

Region

Population

Area

People

Area

per

per

per

per

km2

person

km2

person

(km2)

(m2)

(km2)

(m2)

Afghanistan

29900000

647 000

46

21 600

Africa

778 000000

30 000 000

26

38 600

Lithuania

3 590 000

65 200

55

18100

Alaska

655 000

1 480 000

0.44

2 260 000

Madagascar

18 000 000

587000

31

32 500

Albania

3 560 000

28 700

123

8 060

Mali

12 200 000

1240 000

10

100 000

Algeria

32 500 000

2 380 000

14

73 200

Malta

398 000

316

1 260

792

Angola

11 100 000

1 240 000

9

111000

Mauritania

3 080 000

1030 000

3

333 000

Antarctica

4000

13 200 000

Mexico

106000 000

1970 000

54

18 500

Argentina

39500000

2 760 000

14

69 900

Moldova

4450 000

33 800

131

7590

Asia

3670 000000

44 500000

82

12 100

Mongolia

2 790 000

1560 000

1.8

560 000

Australia

20 000 000

7 680 000

2.6

382 000

Mozambique

19400000

801 000

24

41 300

Austria

8180 000

83 800

98

10 200

Myanmar

42 900 000

678 000

63

15 800

Bangladesh

144 000000

144 000

1 000

997

Namibia

2 030 000

825 000

2.5

406 000

Belarus

10300000

207 000

50

20 100

Netherlands

16400000

41 500

395

2 530

Belgium

10000000

31 000

340

2 945

New Zealand

4030 000

268 000

15

66500

Bolivia

8 850 000

1090 000

8

124000

Niger

11600000

1260 000

9

108 000

Bosnia & Herzegovina

4020 000

51100

79

12 700

Nigeria

128 000000

923 000

139

7170

Botswana

1640 000

600 000

2.7

366000

North America

483 000 000

24200000

20

50 200

Brazil

186000 000

8 510 000

22

45 700

Norway

4 593 000

324000

14

71 000

Bulgaria

7450 000

110000

67

14 800

Oceania

31000 000

7 680 000

4

247 000

CAR

3 790 000

622 000

6

163 000

Pakistan

162 000000

803 000

202

4 940

Canada

32 800 000

9 980 000

3.3

304 000

Peru

27 900 000

1280 000

22

46 000

Chad

9 820 000

1280 000

8

130 000

Philippines

87 800 000

300 000

292

3 410

Chile

16100 000

756 000

21

46 900

Poland

39 000 000

313000

124

8 000

China

1 300 000 000

9 590 000

136

7 340

Portugal

10 500 000

92 300

114

8 740

Colombia

42 900 000

1 130 000

38

26500

Republic of Macedonia

2 040 000

25 300

81

12 300

Croatia

4490 000

56500

80

12 500

Romania

22 300 000

237000

94

10 600

Czech Republic

10 200 000

78 800

129

7 700

Russia

143 000000

17000000

8

119 000

DRC

60000000

2 340 000

26

39000

Saudi Arabia

26400000

1960 000

13

74200

Denmark

5430 000

43 000

126

7 930

Scotland

5 050 000

78 700

64

15 500

Egypt

77500 000

1 000 000

77

12 900

Serbia & Montenegro

10 800 000

102 000

105

9 450

England

49 600 000

130 000

380

2 630

Singapore

4420 000

693

6380

156

Estonia

1 330 000

45 200

29

33 900

Slovakia

5430000

48 800

111

8 990

Ethiopia

73 000 000

1 120 000

65

15400

Slovenia

2 010 000

20 200

99

10 000

Europe

732000 000

9 930 000

74

13 500

Somalia

8 590 000

637000

13

74 200

European Union

496000 000

4330 000

115

8 720

South Africa

44 300 000

1210 000

36

27 500

Finland

5 220 000

338 000

15

64 700

South Korea

48 400 000

98 400

491

2 030

France

60 600 000

547 000

110

9010

Spain

40 300 000

504 000

80

12 500

Gaza Strip

1 370 000

360

3 820

261

Sudan

40100 000

2 500 000

16

62 300

Germany

82 400 000

357 000

230

4330

Suriname

438 000

163000

2.7

372 000

Greece

10 600 000

131 000

81

12 300

Sweden

9 000 000

449 000

20

49 900

Greenland

56 300

2160 000

0.026

38 400 000

Switzerland

7480000

41 200

181

5510

Hong Kong

6890 000

1 090

6 310

158

Taiwan

22 800 000

35 900

636

1 570

Hungary

10 000 000

93 000

107

9 290

Tanzania

36700 000

945 000

39

25 700

Iceland

296 000

103 000

2.9

347000

Thailand

65 400 000

514000

127

7850

India

1080000 000

3 280 000

328

3 040

Turkey

69 600 000

780 000

89

11 200

Indonesia

241 000 000

1910 000

126

7930

Ukraine

47400000

603 000

78

12 700

Iran

68 000 000

1 640 000

41

24200

United Kingdom

59 500 000

244000

243

4110

Ireland

4010 000

70 200

57

17500

USA (ex. Alaska)

295 000 000

8 150 000

36

27 600

Italy

58100 000

301 000

192

5180

Venezuela

25 300 000

912000

28

35 900

Japan

127 000 000

377 000

337

2 960

Vietnam

83 500 000

329 000

253

3 940

Kazakhstan

15100 000

2 710 000

6

178 000

Wales

2 910 000

20 700

140

7110

Kenya

33 800 000

582 000

58

17200

Western Sahara

273 000

266000

1

974000

Latin America

342 000 000

17800 000

19

52100

World

6440000 000

148 000 000

43

23100

Latvia

2 290 000

64 500

35

28 200

Yemen

20 700 000

527000

39

25400

Libya

5 760 000

1 750 000

3.3

305 000

Zambia

11200000

752 000

15

66800

Table J.5. Regions and their population densities. Populations above 50 million and areas greater than 5 million km2 are highlighted. These data are displayed graphically in figure J.1 (p338). Data are from 2005.

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