Greenhouse gas conversion factors

France 83

Sweden 87

Canada 220

Austria 250

Belgium 335 European Union 353

Finland 399

Spain 408

Japan 483

Portugal 525 United Kingdom 580

Luxembourg 590

Germany 601

USA 613

Netherlands 652

Italy 667

Ireland 784

Greece 864

Denmark 881

Fuel type

emissions (gCO2 per kWh of chemical energy)

natural gas

190

refinery gas

200

ethane

200

LPG

210

jet kerosene

240

petrol

240

gas/diesel oil

250

heavy fuel oil

260

naptha

260

coking coal

300

coal

300

petroleum coke

340

Figure I.10. Emissions associated with fuel combustion. Source: DEFRA's Environmental Reporting Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

Figure I.9. Carbon intensity of electricity production (gCO2 per kWh of electricity).

Figure I.10. Emissions associated with fuel combustion. Source: DEFRA's Environmental Reporting Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions.

United Arab Emirates

Kuwait

Australia

Turk

China

Tri nidad

Estonia Saud

.en'tstan :ech Republic Russia Oman oTurKnv CZi

Kazakhstan 10Venezuela

Ukraine

Soufr

Belarus "Bulgaria cedoCß?ati3J

China

Malta ania

Alban India

Costa Rica ia

Alban India

Bahra

New Zealand oland

Sloveni

Sloval Argentina Uruguay Malaysia cedoCß?ati3J

snia ^Lithuania , Latvia anama

Costa Rica ia

United States ada i Arabia

Singapore

Germany Israel

South Korea Greece us Au ia Spain It kia

Portugal ngary

Malta ania

Ireland

Belgium Netherlani Finland Denma

United K Japan stria — Iceland a!y France

Sweden Swit:

Hong

Luxembourg ds rk

□Norway ingdom

Zerland Kong

10000 20000 30000 40000 GDP per capita ($)

50000

60000

Figure I.11. Greenhouse-gas emissions per capita, versus GDP per capita, in purchasing-power-parity US dollars. Squares show countries having "high human development;" circles, "medium" or "low." See also figures 30.1 (p231) and 18.4 (p105). Source: UNDP Human Development Report, 2007. [3av4s9]

100 150 200 250

Energy use (kWh/d per person)

Figure I.12. Greenhouse-gas emissions per capita, versus power consumption per capita. The lines show the emission-intensities of coal and natural gas. Squares show countries having "high human development;" circles, "medium" or "low." See also figures 30.1 (p231) and 18.4 (p105). Source: UNDP Human Development Report, 2007.

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