Differences between the Concepts of Agricultural Renewable Energy and Rural Renewable Energy

Before considering the differences between the concepts of agricultural renewable energy and rural renewable energy, it is necessary first to define "agricultural energy." According to the Dictionary of Agriculture and Encyclopedia of China (Agriculture Volume) it is:

energy developed and used in rural areas in accordance with local conditions including both renewable energies, such as firewood, straw, excrement, small hydropower schemes, solar energy, wind energy and geothermal energy, as well as nonrenewable energies, such as small coal mines4

and those natural resources located and consumed within rural areas to produce mechanical energy, heat energy, light energy, electromagnetic energy and chemical energy which are required for economic production and life in rural areas, and are produced

3 General Editorial Board of Encyclopedia of China, Encyclopedia of China (Agriculture Volume II), Encyclopedia of China Publishing House (Beijing, 1994) at 1021.

4 Supra note 1, at 1176.

from energy sources such as animal power, biomass energy, hydro energy, mineral energy, solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy and tidal energy.5

Rural energy has the following characteristics:

1. rural energy is a concept defined on the basis of geographical regions rather than on a particular mode of economic production, such as industrial production;

2. rural energy includes not only renewable energies (such as straw, excrement, solar energy, and wind energy), but also nonrenewable energies (such as mineral energy or fossil fuel energy); and

3. rural energy covers all types of known energies, with the exception of nuclear energy.

In light of this understanding of rural energy, it is clear that the term "rural renewable energy" refers to renewable energies obtained and used in the economic production processes and lifestyles of people living in rural areas. Such renewable energies are not limited to energy sources generated in the course of agricultural production, such as some biomass energy, but refers to all renewable energies, such as solar energy, wind energy, hydro energy, and geothermal energy.

Thus, it can be seen that the differences between agricultural renewable energy and rural renewable energy are:

1. in terms of what they connote, agricultural renewable energy is connected with the course of agricultural production and, accordingly, is a concept defined on the basis of a particular mode of economic production. Rural renewable energy, however, is a concept connected with rural geographic regions and is defined on this basis; and

2. in terms of what they denote, rural renewable energy is broader in scope than agricultural renewable energy, as agricultural renewable energy refers only to certain biomass energies generated or obtained in the course of agricultural production. Rural renewable energy not only includes energy sources that would fall within the definition of agricultural renewable energy, but also includes various types of nonbiomass energies that can be found in rural areas.

This chapter has pursued detailed definitions of these concepts and focused on the differences between the concepts of agricultural renewable energy and rural renewable energy to facilitate the more detailed consideration, which follows, of agriculture renewable energy and appropriate ways of developing and managing such energy. The definitions also clearly establish the scope of this chapter.

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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