The agricultural sector in transition

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Change from

MINAG Pest & Disease R&D

ANAP Banana cro' iping CCSs CITMA

MINAG Pest & Disease R&D

ANAP Banana cro' iping CCSs CITMA

Farmer pioneers

Maize cropping

Eco-projects ACAO

Water/irriga ion R&D Seed R&D

STAGE 1 \ STAGE 2 STAGE 3

STAGE 1 \ STAGE 2 STAGE 3

STAGE 4

Decrease in industrialized Appearance and increase Industrialized inputs inputs and practices \ in biological control eliminatfd. Decrease in

\ inputs and localized biological controls and strategies increase in natural and local strategies

Development and maintenance of balanced systems with continuous learning on benign interventions -

including spot applications of inputs in emergencies

Figure 9.1 The organic transition for different disciplines, institutions, farmers and cropping systems embraced animal traction, had made huge strides since 1994 to shift to organic techniques. There were also differences in the regimes for different crops; non-prioritized crops such as maize had remained low-input, whereas crops such as banana had modified from high chemical input to a relatively more organically oriented production regime. Thus, although the agricultural sector as a whole was in the phase of input substitution, many individuals and groups had nevertheless undergone huge transformations from their starting points at the beginning of the decade. Others had not. In the transition process, workers in the sector noted two points where a shift in attitude was required: the first shift came in the letting go of agrochemicals in favour of organic inputs, and the second was required in order to accept that even organic substitutes were unnecessary and to make way for more benign management approaches.

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