Figures

Figure

1.1

International reporting on the transformation towards organic agriculture in Cuba in the 1990s

3

Figure

3.1

The dynamics of livelihood interactions and their driving forces as a theoretical framework for research in Cuba

44

Figure

3.2

Map showing the main study areas across three provinces of Cuba

45

Figure

4.1

Map of Cuba

50

Figure

4.2

Average annual growth in selected agricultural produce, 1976-1989 (000't)

59

Figure

4.3

Decline in annual production for major crops between 1989 and 1994

70

Figure

6.1

Selected Crop Production Indicators, 1993-99

101

Figure

6.2

The variety of market destinations for banana production in Havana Province

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Figure

6.3

The institutional relationships of food system linkages in Cuba, at 2000

118

Figure

7.1

Area occupied by each type of production system, 1992 compared with 1997 (% of total farm land)

139

Figure

7.2

Farmer identification of the main input constraints to production, 1999-2000 (% response from sample)

145

Figure

7.3

Coping strategies of one CCS farmer during the Special Period: continuing with business as usual

155

Figure

7.4

Coping strategies of one UBPC farm during the Special Period: diversification

156

Figure

7.5

Farmer identification of the main socio-economic constraints to production, 1999-2000 (% response from sample)

157

Figure

8.1

Plan of the Biotechnology Research Centre for the use of GM crops in Cuba

192

Figure

8.2

Coexisting industrial and ecological components of the emerging agricultural support system

194

Figure 9.1 The organic transition for different disciplines, institutions, farmers and cropping systems Figure 9.2 Farmers' perceptions of the impact of the decrease in agrochemical availability on livelihood aspects of their cooperatives during the Special Period Figure 9.3 Farms with and without fuel: maintaining or breaking the synergies that support farm cooperatives Figure 9.4 The train of thought leading to hesitancy over mainstreaming of organic or ecological agriculture Figure A.1 Degree of use of organic techniques and inputs to improve soil fertility

Figure A.2 Degree of use of organic techniques and inputs to control pests and diseases Figure A.3 Degree of use of alternative water management and conservation techniques Figure A.4 Degree of use of energy-efficient labour techniques Figure B.1 Organogram of the institutional structure of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Sugar

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