In this Chapter, the potential chemical fuels that might be used to replace the fossil fuels were examined. Data indicates that hydrogen is only suitable future fuel. The physical properties of hydrogen were examined with regard to its use as fuel. This examination revealed hydrogen met all the criteria established for the future fuel, however, two properties were not optimum in this application. These properties are its low density and boiling point. Because of the low-density, hydrogen handling and storage equipment will be large and bulky. The bulk will produce only minor problems for stationary handling and storage, but will provide challenges for the designers of mobile equipment. The low temperature of liquid hydrogen will necessitate the use of superinsulated storage vessels. The vessels must be equipped with appropriate safety features and equipment to accommodate the slight continuous boil-off of liquid hydrogen, resulting from the inability to manufacture a perfect thermal insulator.

It has been shown that for transport and storage of energy chemical fuels offer many advantages over the competitive electrical systems. Even though chemical fuels have many advantages, electrical transmission of energy has special characteristics favoring it for specific end uses. The new energy system must be able to supply electricity and chemical fuel in a proper balance to best serve the customer. The proposed system will allow the simple conversion in either direction between the chemical fuel and electricity.

In Chapter 6 Fusion-Hydrogen energy system will be described. It will be shown that this system embodies highly advantageous properties. The Fusion-Hydrogen system will couple well with renewable energy sources.

177 http://www.vidicom-tv/tohiburg.htm


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