Solar Energy References

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Abbot, C.G., December 27, 1938. Solar distilling apparatus. U.S. Patent No. 2,141.330.

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Anderson, B., 1977. Solar Energy: Fundamentals in Building Design. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Baldacci, A., Burgassi, P.D., Dickson, M.H., Fanelli, M., 1998. Non-electric utilization of geothermal energy in Italy. In: Proceedings of World Renewable Energy Congress V, Part I, September 20-25, Florence, Italy, p. 2795, Pergamon, UK.

Baum, V.A. , 1960. Technical characteristics of solar stills of the greenhouse type (in Russian). In: Thermal Power Engineering, Utilization of Solar Energy, vol. 2. Academy of Science, USSR Moscow, pp. 122-132.

Baum, V.A., 1961. Solar distillers, UN Conference on New Sources of Energy. Paper 35/ S/119: 43, United Nations, New York.

Baum, V.A., Bairamov, R., 1966. Prospects of solar stills in Turkmenia. Solar Energy 10 (1), 38-40.

Beurskens, J., Garrad, A., 1996. Wind energy. In: The Proceedings of Eurosun'96 Conference, Freiburg, Germany, vol. 4, pp. 1373-1388.

Bittel, A., 1959. Zur Geschichte multiplikativer Trennverfahren. Chem.-Ing.-Tech. 31 (6), 365-424.

Colonbo, U., 1992. Development and the global environment. In: Hollander, J.M. (Ed.), The Energy-Environment Connection. Island Press, Washington, DC, pp. 3-14.

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CSIRO, 1960. An improved diffusion still. Australian Patent No. 65.270/60.

Delano, W.R.P., June 25, 1946a. Process and apparatus for distilling liquids. U.S. Patent 2.402.737.

Delano, W.R.P., December 24, 1946b. Solar still with no fogging window. U.S. Patent 2.413.101.

Delano, W.R.P., Meisner, W.E., August 5, 1946c Solar distillation apparatus. U.S. Patent 2.405.118.

Delyannis, A., 1967. Solar stills provide island inhabitants with water. Sun at Work 10 (1), 6-8.

Delyannis, A., 1968. The Patmos solar distillation plant. Solar Energy 11, 113-115.

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Harding, J., 1883. Apparatus for solar distillation. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London, vol. 73, pp. 284-288.

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Jordan, R.C., Ibele, W.E., 1956. Mechanical energy from solar energy. In: Proceedings of the World Symposium on Applied Solar Energy, pp. 81-101.

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Kreider, J.F., Kreith, F., 1977. Solar Heating and Cooling. McGraw-Hill, New York.

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Loef, G.O.G., 1954. Demineralization of saline water with solar energy. OSW Report No. 4, PB 161379, 80pp.

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time each day for a complete year, is called the analemma and resembles a figure 8 aligned along a north-south axis. The most obvious variation in the sun's apparent position through the year is a north-south swing over 47° of angle (because of the 23.5° tilt of the earth axis with respect to the sun), called declination (see Section 2.2). The north-south swing in apparent angle is the main cause for the existence of seasons on earth.

Knowledge of the sun's path through the sky is necessary to calculate the solar radiation falling on a surface, the solar heat gain, the proper orientation of solar collectors, the placement of collectors to avoid shading, and many more factors that are not of direct interest in this book. The objective of this chapter is to describe the movements of the sun relative to the earth that give to the sun its east-west trajectory across the sky. The variation of solar incidence angle and the amount of solar energy received are analyzed for a number of fixed and tracking surfaces. The environment in which a solar system works depends mostly on the solar energy availability. Therefore, this is analyzed in some detail. The general weather of a location is required in many energy calculations. This is usually presented as a typical meteorological year (TMY) file, which is described in the last section of this chapter.

Getting Started With Solar

Getting Started With Solar

Do we really want the one thing that gives us its resources unconditionally to suffer even more than it is suffering now? Nature, is a part of our being from the earliest human days. We respect Nature and it gives us its bounty, but in the recent past greedy money hungry corporations have made us all so destructive, so wasteful.

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