where h = specific enthalpy (kJ/kg). v = specific volume (m3/kg). P = pressure (bar) = 105 N/m2.

Generally, the efficiency of a Rankine cycle can be increased by increasing the pressure in the boiler. To avoid the increase of moisture in the steam coming out from the turbine, steam is expanded to an intermediate pressure and reheated in the boiler. In a reheat cycle, the expansion takes place in two turbines. The steam expands in the high-pressure turbine to some intermediate pressure, then passes back to the boiler, where it is reheated at constant pressure to a temperature that is usually equal to the original superheat temperature. This reheated steam is directed to the low-pressure turbine, where is expanded until the condenser pressure is reached. This process is shown in Figure 10.10. The reheat cycle efficiency is given by

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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