Traditional Soap Making

Handcrafter's Companion Guide

The handcrafter's companion is a program designed to help everyone regardless of whether they have ever tried the making soap on their own and failed or whether they are newbies. This program uses step by step guide which contains information easy to read, understand and successfully apply to make your home-made soaps and spa treatments. All the techniques applied in this program have undergone through testing and results have proven that they work efficiently to guarantee you 100% positive results. When you enroll in this program, you will not strain in wondering where you will get the raw materials, how to package your product or where to supply the products as all these are already in place. This program has many benefits attached to it some of them being to ensure that your skin glows naturally and you save on the cost you could have otherwise spent on spa treatments. Read more here...

Guide To Creating Spa Products Summary

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Highly Recommended

I've really worked on the chapters in this book and can only say that if you put in the time you will never revert back to your old methods.

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Moriyama Super School project

Through this 2006-Lake Biwa Super Science Technology School grant Rits Moriyama won, the school was able to run programmes aimed at introducing some local environmental issues to Junior and High School students. Lake Biwa (Figure 20.3) near Kyoto in Shiga Prefecture is one of the biggest lakes in Japan. Rainwater from surrounding mountains flows naturally into the lake. Hence, the lake serves as reservoir and it as well indicates the status of the surrounding environment. Aware of this fact, since the late 1960s' itself the local community has been taking measures to keep the area clean. One such measure was to use cooking oil waste from the area to make soap with donations from the locals. Nowadays of course, they use the oil waste for producing bio diesel fuel for vehicles.

Historical Perspective

Prior to the 1900s most Americans produced much less garbage than they do today. Food scraps were boiled to make soups or were fed to farm animals. Durable items were passed on to the next generation or to people in need. Objects that were of no further use to adults became toys for children. Broken items were repaired or dismantled for reuse. Grease was saved to make soap. Flour sacks were used for dishtowels or sewn into clothing, and jars were reused as drinking glasses. Combustible things that could no longer be used were burned for fuel, especially in the homes of the poor.

Cleaning Compounds And Drugs Use Fossil Fuel Chemicals

Cleaning compounds were once produced from animal and plant fats and oils. Fats and grease were cooked with wood ashes. The potassium hydroxide from the ashes decomposed the fats into fatty acid salts and glycerin. The first soaps were these potassium salts of fatty acids. The potassium salt - acid end of the molecule - rendered the compound water-soluble. The long carbon chain of the fatty acid endows the opposite end of the molecule with an affinity for greasy materials. This combination of differing properties in the same molecule makes soap able to disperse oily dirt and serve as a cleaning agent. These soaps functioned well, but had a tendency to react with the calcium and magnesium present in hard water to produce water insoluble scum residues. The residues are highly undesirable in most cleaning applications. When they form, they are exceedingly difficult to remove. Better cleaning products have been developed using chemicals derived from hydrocarbons. These synthetic...

The chemistry of sewage treatment

Most sewage works also receive the waste from industries in the area, such as food factories, electronics industries, engineering works, chemical manufacturers, textile factories, etc. As it arrives at the works the sewage is 99.9 per cent water, with the remaining 0.1 per cent consisting of dissolved salts, trace metals and a variety of other substances such as soaps, detergents, sugars, food particles, faeces, fats, oil, grease, plastics, clay and sand. All these substances can be classified as organic and inorganic components. The organic substances in sewage mainly comprise carbohydrates, proteins, fats, soaps and detergents. All of these can be broken down into simpler substances by the micro-organisms in the sewage purification process. Some of these breakdown products are present in the final effluent as it discharges into the river, others are used as the food for the bacterial slime or the activated sludge in the sewage works, whilst the remainder sink to the bottom of the...

Wastewater Systems

Wastewater may contain substances such as human waste, food scraps, oils, soaps and chemicals. In houses, wastewater can include the water from sinks, showers, bathtubs, toilets, washing machines and dishwashers. Businesses and industries also use water for a wide variety of other purposes.

Sermon To The MediA

Why should this diatribe divert the attention of the politicians from matters of importance like creating SEZs, announcing more reservation and taking the pants off their rivals. Why should the people stop watching cricket and the daily Saas-Bahu soaps on their telly, to read this nonsense Why

Official Download Link Handcrafter's Companion Guide

The legit version of Handcrafter's Companion Guide is not distributed through other stores. An email with the special link to download the ebook will be sent to you if you ordered this version.

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