Raising Choice Awareness

The first Choice Awareness thesis is based on the observation that the collective perception of no choice is often constructed when major societal decisions on energy planning are discussed. As previously discussed, such mechanisms involve both the elimination of technical alternatives representing radical technological change as well as institutional barriers to the implementation. At the structural power level, this will again influence the collective perception of choice. The theory argues...

Renewable Energy Systems

Renewable energy systems are defined as complete energy supply and demand systems based on renewable energy as opposed to nuclear and fossil fuels. They include supply as well as demand. The transition from traditional nuclear and fossil fuel based systems to renewable energy systems involves coordinated changes in the following Demand technologies related to energy savings and conservation Efficiency improvements in the supply system, such as CHP Integration of fluctuating renewable energy...

Political Reasons for Renewable Energy

Besides the preceding difference, another important disparity exists between renewable and sustainable. This has to do with the reasons for wishing technological change. Why does society want to implement renewable energy solutions And why does society aim at implementing sustainable energy solutions The reasons for introducing sustainable solutions are mainly if not solely related to an environmental motive. However, several reasons can be found for implementing renewable energy. In the...

Renewable Energy and Democracy

Another difference between renewable and sustainable energy is worth discussing. This difference has democracy as its main focus and is quite relevant to the issue of energy systems and the implementation of technological change such as those addressed by the Choice Awareness theory, as we shall see in Chapter 2. In the 1970s, an energy movement arose in Denmark as in many other Western countries. This movement was constituted among others by the antinuclear movement (OOA) and the Danish...

Choice Awareness

Chapter 2 Theory Choice Awareness Theses Chapter 3 Methodology Choice Awareness Strategies RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS Chapter 4 Tool EnergyPLAN Energy System Analysis Model Chapter 5 Analysis Large Scale Integration of Renewable Energy Chapter 6 Analysis 100 Percent Renewable Energy Systems Chapter 7 Empirical Examples Choice Awareness Cases FIGURE 1.2 Contents and overall structure of the book. Chapter 2 introduces the Choice Awareness theory, which deals with how to implement radical...

Radical Technological Change

Not all technological changes are equally fundamental in the sense that they involve changes in existing organizations and institutions. Therefore, some technological changes challenge the political decision-making process more than others. Miiller, Remmen, and Christensen 1984 define technology as follows Technology embraces a combination of four constituents Technique, Knowledge, Orga nization, and Products. Hvelplund 2005 adds profit as a fifth dimension of technology, which is considered...

Research Methodology

According to the Choice Awareness theory, as described in Chapter 2, one cannot expect organizations linked to existing technologies to initiate and promote radical technological changes. It does not form part of their perception and interests. Proposals representing such changes have to come from someone else. Accepting this fact has an impact on the development of strategies to raise Choice Awareness, as described in the previous sections of this chapter, as well as an impact on the research...

Acknowledgments

First of all, I would like to thank all my colleagues at the Department of Development and Planning at Aalborg University. You have all contributed to the creation of an interdisciplinary environment in which new thoughts are welcome, and useful and fruitful comments are always made on the basis of a variety of different skills and competences. I have used this professional richness many times throughout my career. In particular, I would like to thank Frede Hvelplund for many years of excellent...