Volume

Table of Contents v

Preface ix

Topical Outline xv

For Your Reference xxiii

Contributors xxxv

Abatement 1

Acid Rain 3

Activism 7

Adaptive Management 21

Addams, Jane 21

Agencies, Regulatory 22

Agenda 21 24

Agriculture 24

Air Pollution 30

Air Pollution Control Act 38

Antinuclear Movement 38

Arbitration 41

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 41

Arsenic 43

Asbestos 45

Asthma 47

Beneficial Use 50

Bioaccumulation 50

Biodegradation 52

Bioremediation 53

Biosolids 56

Bottle Deposit Laws 60

Brower, David 61

Brownfield 62

Brundtland, Gro 64

Burn Barrels 65

Cancer 65

Cancer Alley, Louisiana 71

Carbon Dioxide 72

Carbon Monoxide 73

Careers in Environmental Protection 75

Carson, Rachel 82

Carver, George Washington 84

Catalytic Converter 86

CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons) 87

Citizen Science 89

Citizen Suits 90

Clean Air Act 91

Clean Water Act 92

Cleanup 93

Coal 100

Colborn, Theo 103

Commoner, Barry 104

Composting 105

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

Consensus Building 110

Consumer Pollution 111

Cost-benefit Analysis 114

Cousteau, Jacques 116

Cryptosporidiosis 117

DDT (Dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane) 118

Diesel 120

Dilution 121

Dioxin 121

Disasters: Chemical Accidents and Spills . 124 Disasters: Environmental Mining

Accidents 129

Disasters: Natural 130

Disasters: Nuclear Accidents 134

Disasters: Oil Spills 138

Donora, Pennsylvania 142

Dredging 142

Dry Cleaning 145

Earth Day 146

Earth First! 149

Earth Summit 151

Economics 153

Ecoterrorism 159

Education 162

Ehrlich, Paul 164

Electric Power 165

Electromagnetic Fields 171

Emergency Planning and Community

Right-to-Know 172

Emissions Trading 173

Endocrine Disruption 176

Energy 179

Energy, Nuclear 185

Energy Efficiency 189

Enforcement 190

Environment Canada 193

Environmental Crime 194

Environmental Impact Statement 196

Environmental Justice 196

Environmental Movement 200

Environmental Racism 208

Ethics 211

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act 213

Fish Kills 213

Fossil Fuels 215

Fuel Cell 216

Fuel Economy 218

Gauley Bridge, West Virginia 219

Gibbs, Lois 220

GIS (Geographic Information System) . . 222

Global Warming 224

Government 229

Green Chemistry 235

Green Marketing 237

Green Party 239

Green Revolution 240

Greenhouse Gases 242

Greenpeace 242

Groundwater 243

Halon 245

Hamilton, Alice 245

Hayes, Denis 246

Hazardous Waste 247

Health, Human 251

Heavy Metals 256

History 258

Household Pollutants 266

Hypoxia 270

Incineration 270

Indoor Air Pollution 274

Industrial Ecology 279

Industry 281

Infectious Waste 287

Information, Access to 288

Injection Well 292

Integrated Pest Management 293

Ishimure, Michiko 294

ISO 14001 295

Glossary 297

Index 315

VOLUME 2_

Table of Contents v

Preface ix

Topical Outline xv

For Your Reference xxiii

Contributors xxxv

Labor, Farm 1

LaDuke, Winona 2

Landfill 3

Laws and Regulations, International 5

Laws and Regulations, United States 9

Lead 13

Legislative Process 16

Life Cycle Analysis 18

Lifestyle 19

Light Pollution 28

Limits to Growth, The 31

Litigation 32

Malthus, Thomas Robert 32

Marine Protection, Research, and

Sanctuaries Act 33

Mass Media 34

Mediation 37

Medical Waste 38

Mercury 42

Methane (CH4) 43

Mexican Secretariat for Natural Resources (La Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales) 44

Mining 45

Mining Law of 1872 51

Mixing Zone 51

Mold Pollution 52

Montréal Protocol 54

Nader, Ralph 55

NAFTA (North American Free Trade

Agreement) 56

National Environmental Policy Act

National Oceanic and Atmospheric

Administration (NOAA) 58

National Park Service 59

National Pollutant Discharge

Elimination System (NPDES) 59

National Toxics Campaign 60

Natural Resource Damage Assessment . . . 61

Nelson, Gaylord 62

New Left 62

NOx (Nitrogen Oxides) 64

Noise Control Act of 1972 65

Noise Pollution 66

Nonaqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) 69

Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) 69

Nonpoint Source Pollution 73

Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) . . 77 Occupational Safety and Health

Administration (OSHA) 78

Ocean Dumping 78

Ocean Dumping Ban Act 83

Oxygen Demand, Biochemical 84

Ozone 84

Particulates 88

PCBs (Polychlorinated Biphenyls) 91

Persistent Bioaccumulative and Toxic

Chemicals (PBTs) 93

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) 94

Pesticides 95

Petroleum 101

Phosphates 108

Plastic 109

Point Source 115

Politics 119

Pollution Prevention 124

Pollution Shifting 129

Popular Culture 131

Population 136

Poverty 140

Precautionary Principle 145

President's Council on Environmental

Quality 146

Progressive Movement 147

Property Rights Movement 149

Public Interest Research Groups

Public Participation 151

Public Policy Decision Making 157

Radioactive Fallout 160

Radioactive Waste 161

Radon 166

Recycling 169

Regulatory Negotiation 174

Renewable Energy 175

Resource Conservation and Recovery

Act 180

Reuse 181

Right to Know 183

Risk 185

Rivers and Harbors Appropriations Act . . 191

Science 192

Scrubbers 199

Sedimentation 200

Settlement House Movement 202

Smart Growth 204

Smelting 204

Smog 206

Snow, John 208

Soil Pollution 209

Solid Waste 211

Space Pollution 219

Sprawl 222

Strong, Maurice 223

Sulfur Dioxide 224

Superfund 225

Sustainable Development 227

Swallow, Ellen 229

Systems Science 230

Technology, Pollution Prevention 232

Terrorism 234

Thermal Pollution 240

Times Beach, Missouri 243

Tobacco Smoke 244

Todd, John 245

Toxic Release Inventory 246

Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) ... 249

Toxicology 250

Tragedy of the Commons 253

Treaties and Conferences 254

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 258

U.S. Department of Agriculture 259

U.S. Department of the Interior 260

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency . 260 U.S. Food and Drug Administration

U.S. Geological Survey 265

Ultraviolet Radiation 266

Underground Storage Tank 266

Unintended Consequences 269

Union of Concerned Scientists 271

Vehicular Pollution 272

Visual Pollution 278

VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds) . . . 280

Warren County, North Carolina 287

Waste 288

Waste, International Trade in 291

Waste, Transportation of 292

Waste Reduction 294

Waste to Energy 296

Wastewater Treatment 297

Water Pollution 304

Water Pollution: Freshwater 305

Water Pollution: Marine 312

Water Treatment 316

Whistleblowing 322

Wise-Use Movement 323

Workers Health Bureau 325

World Trade Organization 326

Writers 327

Yucca Mountain 330

Zero Population Growth 333

Glossary 335

Index 353

Viii

0 0

Post a comment