New Sources Of Energy And Energy Developments

To fully understand the future role of fossil fuels in meeting global energy demand, it is necessary to consider both expected changes in demand and supply of energy in all its forms. Demand is affected by mutually interdependent factors such as 2. advances in living standards and conditions 4. environmental management and controls 5. technological advances and changes 6. socio-political developments 7. advances in civilization, interpersonal relations, moral and personal value systems 8....

Opportunities For Arabian Development

Many Saudi schools teach Western US hatred. 30,000 Wahhabi religious schools and mosques worldwide call not just for the destruction of the U.S. and Western values, democracy, and religions but for replacing it with totalitarian Islamic regimes and fundamentalist societies. Saudis refused most U.S. and Western demands to arrest known perpetrators. Some of the Saudi press praises and supports terrorist activities. Some Saudis actually rewarded families of suicide bombers. Men and women are...

Assuring Energy Supply Reliability Quality And A Clean Environment

Energy supply consists of discovery, production, transportation, storage, refining, and conversion of fuels, as well as generation, storage, transmission, and use of energy. All these processes require physical assets, management, information gathering, use and control. All of these are subject to failure or degradation as a result of mismanagement, natural disasters, degradation, terrorism, security breaches, defective materials, and many more factors. To reduce the potential for and...

Political And Socioeconomic Effects Of The New Energy Future

We are on the verge of entering a completely new energy environment, which as discussed was for long dominated by petroleum as the principal fuel. It is important to understand all the factors and forces which influence the energy and as a result the petroleum market, particularly now when petroleum moves from the center of energy production into a lesser role in global energy supply. Global petroleum use is not only leveling off but is now on the decline, a trend expected to accelerate as more...

Big Is Not Synonymous With Beautiful Or Much With Civilized

Americans have become the most wasteful consumer society on earth. Consumption has become the locomotive of the American economy and accounts for the bulk of its Gross Product. The consumer in America is now the bell weather of American economic, social, and even political well being. As a result, America has become wasteful, overweight, unhealthy, sluggish, and addicted. Even though leaders know that this condition must lead to ultimate demise, few dare challenge what has become associated...

Population Growth Social Factors And Fuel Impacts

A major factor affecting energy use in the past was population growth, which has largely halted in most parts of the world. We live in a changing environment. The dire predictions of a population explosion by the Club of Rome just 35 years ago are proving wrong. According to the UN Population Division data, the average number of children per woman (2.7 in 2002) continues to decline worldwide and is converging on the 2.1-2.5 children per woman in a lifetime (depending on particular mortality...

Cradle Of The Petroleum

Baku, capital of Azerbaijan, was the first oil capital of the world, with near surface petroleum finds and exploitation about one hundred years ago. The rest of the Middle East, particularly the Gulf of Arabia countries, followed with discoveries of fossil fuel deposits close to the surface and easily extracted early in the 20th century yet, large-scale production actually only commenced between the world wars and really took off after World War II. Since then, this area has become the cradle...

Preamble

The celebration welcoming the second half of the 21st century on 31 December 2050 was subdued in the Persian Gulf. The major cities of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and others were dark. No fireworks or other signs of jubilation. Even those among them who had diversified their economies by investing in tourism, technology parks, financial institutions, among others, could not really celebrate as global interest in their institutions and recreational offering had declined precipitously. For several...

New Energy Horizon

It is evident from our discussions that the use of fossil fuels and particularly oil will start to decline and increasingly be replaced by renewable energy within the next two decades. Improvements in energy use efficiency will also play an important role in reducing the need for fossil fuels. Similarly, a major increase in the use of natural gas and coal gas driven by clean coal technology will reduce demand for oil. Global oil demand has or is expected to peak soon and begin its gradual...

Impact On Arabia And The Persian Gulf

It is interesting to note that while the rest of the world is rapidly committing to the new energy horizon by the development of alternative energy sources, more efficient energy use, and new oil and gas production sources, Persian Gulf countries, and particularly Saudi Arabia, appear to maintain business as usual. There are some small movements in their anti-terrorist activities and slight accommodations in adjusting oil supplies to demand requirements, but little is being done to reverse or...

Political Upheavals Changes And Impact On The Oil Markets

Major changes in the political environment and resulting ownership, operations, and marketing of oil and gas by some important players has caused not only concern in the energy markets but also resulted in some outright changes in energy policy, investment, and market strategies by the Western nations who are the largest consumers and customers. Venezuela's, Bolivia's, Ecuador's, and Russia's reassertion of nationalization of oil and gas production facilities and politication of marketing by...

Socioeconomic Political Development

Saudi Arabia is among the most conservative countries in the world. Not only is it not secular, but free press, democratic institutions, human rights, individual freedom, and freedom of religion are all considered Western conspiracies and are largely outlawed. Most Arab and particularly Saudi leaders lack not only popular support but also a popular mandate. They similarly failed to establish effective political models and therefore rely on archaic, non-representative governance structures that...