Legal preconditions for implementing the National Wind Energy Policy at the local level

The installation of wind turbines is largely conditional upon the requirements of the law. Swedish law grants a significant amount of discretion to the local authorities. In the case of wind power development, the system of rules governing the use of land (and water) areas, as well as the assessment of the environmental impacts of turbines, is of particular interest. In Sweden, the development of wind turbines is primarily regulated in the Environmental Code. The code states that the installation of large and medium-sized turbines can be permitted only if they are in compliance with certain environmental requirements, among which are the basic and special resource management provisions and the so-called localization requirement. Also of importance are the rules on physical planning in the Planning and Building Act and the specific legal prerequisites for offshore wind turbine installations. The following analysis shows that although national energy policy promotes increased reliance on wind power, the implementation of the above legislation at the local level tends to take only limited account of these national policy aspirations.

One should note, of course, that the regulations on environmental assessment and territorial planning are designed to promote an overall efficient use of resources and to secure certain legal rights. Their purpose is not to support the rapid diffusion of wind power. Nevertheless, it is useful to analyse these legal provisions from a wind power investor eye view, not least since this approach permits us to highlight some of the (explicit and implicit) trade-offs made in the intersection between national energy policy goals and local priorities.

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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