Partial Oxidation of Methane

Partial oxidation is the reaction of methane with insufficient oxygen, which can be performed with or without a catalyst. This reaction, which is exothermic and operated at high temperature (1200-1500 °C) [132], generally yields syn-gas with an H2/CO ratio of 2, which is ideal for methanol synthesis. The problem with partial oxidation is that the products, CO and H2, can be further oxidized to form unde-sired CO2 and water in highly exothermic reactions, leading to S values typically below 2. The production of large amounts of energy in the form of heat is also not desirable and wasteful if no immediate use for it can be found in an other process.

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