Dimethylether Co2 Dimethylcarbonate Production

a acetic acid 175, 246 acid rain 32

advanced gas-cooled reactor (AGR) 116

Agrol 177

air composition 8

Air Products 214

al-Burgan 22

al-Ghawar 22

algae 238

alkaline fuel cell 156, 160

alkylation 21, 64

alternative energy 85

ammonia synthesis 68, 173

anthracite 29

AntizolĀ® 202

aquaculture 237

Aramco 36

Archimedes 100

Arrhenius, Svante 8, 74

aspartame 203

Aswan dam 90

Athabaska 37, 55

atmospheric aerosol 78

atomic bomb 115

atomic energy, see also nuclear energy 111

atomic pile 114

automobile 20

autothermal reforming 217

Bacon, Francis T. 156

bagasse 106

bakelite 66

Bank of America 179

BASF (Badische Anilin und Soda Fabrik)

174, 178 Benz, Carl 20

Bequerel, Edmond 98 Big Bang 133 biocrude 231 biodiesel 104, 107, 186 biofuel 104, 108

- cell 195 biogas 235 biomass 103, 230

- co-firing 103

- electricity 103

- gasification 103, 141, 230

- pyrolysis 230 biomass energy 103, 131

- cost 104 bituminous coal 29 black liquor 232

boiling water reactor (BWR) 115 Bolshevik Revolution 105, 177 Bosch, Carl 68, 173 Boyle, Robert 173 breeder reactor 118 bromine 227

Brookhaven National Laboratory 231 Bunsen burner 24 Bunsen, Robert 24

California's Geysers 91

CANDU (Canada deuterium uranium)

reactor 116 carbon dioxide, see also CO2

- from industrial flue gas 242

- from the atmosphere 243 Carnol process 240

Carnot efficiency of heat engine 156

catalytic cracking 21

cattail 237

cetane rating 182

charcoal 13

chemicals from methanol 175, 246 Chernobyl 120, 123 chlorination 226 chlorine 227

chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) 78

- greenhouse gas 76 clathrate 47

clean coal technologies 16 climate change 72, 208

- mitigation 81

CNG (compressed natural gas) 183, 235 CO2

- atmospheric 8

- atmospheric concentration 74, 76, 80

- capture 81, 243-244

- greenhouse gas 74

- sequestration 82, 141, 244

- Sleipner platform 82 coal 28

- Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustion (AFBC) 16

- Britain 11

- clean coal technologies 16

- electricity production 29

- formation 11

- FutureGen 16, 140

- gasification 173, 218

- Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) 16

- Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (PFBC) 16

- production 29

- resource 29

- SO2 emissions 31

- structure 62 coalbed methane 46 co-firing 103

Cold Lake 37, 55

Commisariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)

122, 145 composition of air 8 compressed hydrogen 148, 152 cracking 21 cytochrome P-450 229

DaimlerChrysler 188, 194 Daimler, Gottlieb 20 deuterium 129 diesel 61, 63

- engine 182

- fuel 45, 182 diet soda 203 dimethoxymethane 195 dimethyl carbonate (DMC) 186 dimethyl ether (DME) 176, 195

- as a diesel fuel 182, 185

- in transportation 184 Ā£

- production 186

- property 184-185

- synthesis 184

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, see DMFC Discol 177

DME, see dimethyl ether DMFC (Direct Methanol Fuel Cell) 9, 170, 191, 257

- efficiency 192

- for mobile application 193 Drake, Edwin 18

earth temperature variation 73 Einstein, Albert 98, 128 electrical energy storage 166 electricity generation, industrial countries 4 energy carrier 135 energy crop 106, 108, 233 energy storage 170 enhanced oil recovery (EOR) 54 EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) 126, 204

Erren, Rudolf 136 ethanol 6, 69, 104, 171, 195

- Brazil 105, 178

- England 177

- flexible fuel vehicle (FFV) 106, 178

- from cellulose 107

- from corn 106

- from sugar cane 104, 178

- Germany 177

- in transportation 177, 183

- Soviet Union 177

- tax subsidy 106

- United States 106, 177 ethylene 65, 170, 248

- from methanol 248

e eucalyptus 233 ExxonMobil 36

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