Acronyms Units and Abbreviations

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Acronyms

AFC

Alkaline Fuel Cell

BP

British Petroleum

BWR

Boiling Water Reactor

CEA

Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (France)

CEC

California Energy Commission

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency

DMFC

Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

DOE

Department of Energy (United States)

EDF

Electricite de France

EIA

Energy Information Administration (DOE)

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency (United States)

EU

European Union

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GHG

Greenhouse Gas

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICE

Internal Combustion Engine

IEA

International Energy Agency

IGCC

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle

IPCC

International Panel on Climate Change

ITER

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor

LNG

Liquefied Natural Gas

MCFC

Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell

NRC

National Research Council (United States)

NREL

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (United States)

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

OTEC

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

PAFC

Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell

PEMFC

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

PFBC

Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion

PV

Photovoltaics

PWR Pressurized Water Reactor

R/P Reserve/Production ratio

SUV Sport Utility Vehicle

TPES Total Primary Energy Supply

UNO United Nations Organization

UNSCEAR United Nations Scientific Committee on Effects of Atomic Radiation

URFC Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell

USCB United States Census Bureau

USGS United States Geological Survey

WCD World Commission on Dams

WCI World Coal Institute

WEC World Energy Council

ZEV Zero Emission Vehicle

Units and Abbreviations b and bbl barrel

Btu British thermal unit

°C degree Celsius cal calorie g gram h hour ha hectare kWh kilowatt-hour m meter

Mb megabarrel (106 barrels)

ppm parts per million toe tonne oil equivalent s second

Sv Sievert t metric tonne

W watt

Prefixes

m

micro

10-6

m

milli

10-3

k

kilo

103

M

mega

106

G

giga

109

T

tera

1012

P

peta

1015

E

exa

1018

Conversion of Units Volume

1 tonne of crude oil = 7.33 barrels of oil 1 gallon = 3.785 liters

1 barrel of oil = 42 U.S. gallons = 159 liters 1 m3 = 1000 liters 1 m3 = 35.3 cubic feet (ft3)

Energy

1 kcal = 4.1868 kJ = 3.968 Btu 1 kJ = 0.239 kcal = 0.948 Btu 1 kWh = 860 kcal = 3600 kJ 1 toe = 41.87 GJ

Quadrillion Btu, QBtu = 1 X 1015 Btu

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Getting Started With Solar

Getting Started With Solar

Do we really want the one thing that gives us its resources unconditionally to suffer even more than it is suffering now? Nature, is a part of our being from the earliest human days. We respect Nature and it gives us its bounty, but in the recent past greedy money hungry corporations have made us all so destructive, so wasteful.

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