Alheit, J. and Naylor, E. (1976). Behavioural Basis of Intertidal Zonation of Eurydice pulchra. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 23, 135-44. Arnold, D.C. (1972). Salinity tolerances of some common prosobranchs. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 52, 475-86.

Ballantine, W.J. (1961). A Biologically Defined Exposure Scale, for the Comparative

Description of Rocky Shores. Fld. Stud., I (3), 1. Barnes, R.S.K. (1974). Estuarine Biology. London, Edward Arnold. Barnes, R.S.K. (ed.) (1977). The Coastline. Chichester, Wiley.

Barnes, R.S.K. and Green, J. (eds) (1972). The Estuarine Environment. Chichester, Wiley.

Barnett, B. E. (1979). Predation by Nucella on Barnacles. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 59, 299-306.

Bassindale, R. and Clark, R.B. (1960). The Gann Flat, Dale: Studies on the Ecology of a

Muddy Beach. Fld. Stud., I (2), 1. Bemert, G. and Ormond, R. (1981). Red Sea Coral Reefs. London, Kegan Paul International.

Boalch, G.T. and Potts, G.W. (1977). Sargassum in the Plymouth area. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 57, 29-31.

Brafield, A.E. (1978). Life in sandy shores. London, Edward Arnold. Brown, A.C. and McLachlan, A. (1990). Ecology of sandy shores. Amsterdam, Elsevier Science Publishers B.V.

Chapman, A.R.O. (1979). Biology of Seaweeds. London, Edward Arnold. Connell, J.H. (1961). Effects of Competition, Predation by Thais lapillus, and other Factors on Natural Populations of the Barnacle, Balanus balanoides. Ecol. Monogr., 31, 61. Coombs, V. (1973). Factors in Vertical Distribution of Dog Whelk. J. Zool. Lond., 171, 57-66.

Cornelius, P.F.S. (1972). Thermal Acclimation in some Intertidal Invertebrates. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 9, 43-53.

Courtney, W.A.M. (1972). Effect of Wind on Shore Gastropods. J. Zool. Lond., 166, 133-9.

Crisp, D.J. (1958). The Spread of Eliminius modestus in North-West Europe. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 37, 483.

Dakin, W.J. (1987). W.J. Dakin's classic study Australian Seashores. A guide to the temperate shores for the beach lover, the naturalist, the shore-fisherman and the student. Fully revised and illustrated by Isobel Bennett. London, Angus and Robertson. Davidson, N.C. et al. (1991). Nature conservation and estuaries in Great Britain.

Peterborough, Nature Conservancy Council. Davies, P.S. (1966-70). Physiological Ecology of Patella. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 46, 647-58;

47, 61-74; 49, 291-304; 50, 1069-77. Day, J.W., Hall, C.A.S., Kemp, M.W. and Yanezarancibia, A. (1989). Estuarine ecology.

New York, John Wiley and Sons. Doodson, A.T. and Warburg, H.D. (1941). Admiralty Manual of Tides. London, HMSO

(reprinted 1973 with minor amendments). Eltringham, S.K. (1971). Life in Mud and Sand. London, English University Press. Evans, F. (1961). Responses to Disturbance of the Periwinkle Littorina punctata on a Shore in Ghana. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 137, 393-402. Evans, S.M. and Hardy, J.M. (1970). Seashore and Sand Dunes. London, Heinemann. Farnham, W.F., Fletcher, R.L. and Irvine, L.M. (1973). Attached Sargassum found in

Britain. Nature, London, 243, 231-2. Fraenkel, G.S. and Gunn, D.L. (1961). The Orientation of Animals. Dover edition. Gendron, R.P. (1977). Habitat Selection and Migratory Behaviour of Littorina littorea. J.

Anim. Ecol., 46, 79-92. Gibson, R.N. (1969). The Biology and Behaviour of Littoral Fish. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 7, 367.

Gill, J., Ramsay, R. and Smith, S. (1976). Ecology of Flat Periwinkles. J. Biol. Educ., 10, 237-41.

Graham, A. (1988). Molluscs: Prosobranch and Pyramidellid gastropods. Synopses of the

British Fauna (New Series), No. 2 (2nd ed.). E.J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys. Gray, W. (1993). Coral Reefs and Islands. A natural history of a threatened paradise. David and Charles.

Green, J. (1968). The Biology of Estuarine Animals. London, Sidgwick and Jackson. Hails, J. and Carr. A. (1975). Nearshore Sediment Dynamics and Sedimentation.

Chichester, Wiley. Hansom, J.D. (1988). Coasts. Cambridge University Press.

Harris, R.P. (1972). Seasonal Changes in Meiofauna of Intertidal Sand. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 52, 389-403.

Hawkins, S.J. and Jones, H.D. (1992). Rocky Shores. Marine Field Course Guide 1. Marine

Conservation Society. Immel Publishing. Hayward, P.J. (1994). Animals of sandy shores. Naturalists' Handbook 21. The Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd.

Joint, I.R. (1978). Microbial Production of an Estuarine Mudflat. Est. Coastal Mar. Sc., 7, 185-95.

Jones, O.A. and Endean, R. (eds) (1973-7). Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs (4 vols).

London, Academic Press. Jones, W.E. and Demetropoulos, A. (1968). Exposure to Wave Action; Measurements of an Important Ecological Parameter on Rocky Shores in Anglesey. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol, 2, 46.

Kitching, J.A. (1977). Variability in Nucella. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 26, 275-87. Knox, G.A. (1960). Littoral Ecology and Biogeography of Southern Oceans. Proc. Roy. Soc. B, 152, 577.

Knox, G.A. (1963). Biogeography and Intertidal Ecology of the Australasian Coasts.

Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 1, 341. Lawson, G.W. (1966). Littoral Ecology of West Africa. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 4, 405.

Lewis, J.R. (1964). The Ecology of Rocky Shores. London, English University Press. Lloyd, C., Tasker, M.L. and Partridge, K. (1991). The status of seabirds in Britain and

Ireland. T&AD Poyser, London. Longbottom, M.R. (1970). The Distribution of Arenicola marina with Reference to Effects of Particle Size and Organic Matter in Sediments. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 5, 138. MacGarvin, M. (1990). The North Sea. Greenpeace. The seas of Europe. Collins and Brown.

Macnae, W. (1968). A General Account of the Fauna and Flora of Mangrove Swamps and

Forests in the Indo-West Pacific Region. Adv. Mar. Biol., 6, 73. Morton, J. and Miller, M. (1968). The New Zealand Sea Shore. London and Auckland, Collins.

Morton, J.E. (1960). Responses and Orientation of the Bivalve, Lasaea rubra. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 39, 5.

Morton, J.E., Boney, A.D. and Corner, E.D.S. (1957). The Adaptations of Lasaea rubra, a Small Intertidal Lamellibranch. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 6, 383. Moyse, J. and Nelson-Smith, A. (1963). Zonation of Animals and Plants on Rocky Shores around Dale, Pembrokeshire. Fld. Stud., I (5), 1. Muir, R. (1993). The coastlines of Britain. Macmillan.

Naylor, E. (1958). Tidal and Diurnal Rhythms of Locomotory Activity in Carcinus maenas.

J. Exp. Biol., 35, 602. Naylor, E. (1976). Rhythmic Behaviour and Reproduction in Marine Animals. In

Adaptation to Environment. R.C. Newell, ed. London, Butterworths. Newell, G.E. (1958a). The Behaviour of Littorina littorea under Natural Conditions and its Relation to Position on the Shore. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 37, 229. Newell, G.E. (1958b). An Experimental Analysis of the Behaviour of Littorina littorea under Natural Conditions and in the Laboratory. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 37, 241. Newell, G.E. (1965). The eye of Littorina littorea. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 144, 75. Newell, R. (1962). Behavioural Aspects of the Ecology of Peringia ulvae. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 138, 49.

Palmer, J. D. (1973). Tidal Rhythms: The Clock Control of Rhythmic Physiology of Marine

Organisms. Biol. Rev., 48, 377-418. Pardi, L. (1960). Innate Components in the Solar Orientation of Littoral Amphipods. Cold

Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol., 25, 395. Perkins, E.J. (1974). Biology of Estuaries and Coastal Waters. London, Academic. Raffaelli, D.G. (1982). Recent ecological research on some European species of Littorina.

Rainbow, P.S. (1984). An introduction to the biology of British littoral barnacles. Reprinted from: Field Studies, 6, 1-51.

Ranwell, D.S. (1972). Ecology of Salt Marshes and Sand Dunes. London, Chapman and Hall.

Reader's Digest (1984). Reader's Digest Book of the Great Barrier Reef.

Ricketts, E. F. and Calvin, J. (1962). Revised by J. W. Hedgpeth. Between Pacific Tides. Stanford, California, Stanford University Press.

Rodriguez, G. andNaylor, E. (1972). Behavioural Rhythms in Littoral Prawns. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 52, 81-95.

Royal Yachting Association (1981). Navigation. An RYA Manual. London, RYA and David and Charles Publishers.

Sasekumar, A. (1974). Distribution of Macrofauna on a Malayan Mangrove Shore. J. Anim. Ecol., 43, 51-69.

Schonbeck, M. and Norton, T.A. (1978). Factors Controlling the Upper Limits of Fucoid Algae on the Shore. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 31, 303-13.

Schonbeck, M. and Norton, T.A. (1979). Effects of Brief Periodic Submergence on Intertidal Fucoid Algae. Est. Coastal Mar. Sc., 8, 205-11.

Sheppard, R.C. (1983). A Natural History of the Coral Reef. Blandford Press.

Smith, J.R. (1981). The Natural History and Taxonomy of Shell Variation in Periwinkles of the Littorina 'saxatilis' Complex. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 61, 215-41.

Southward, A.J. (1958). Temperature Tolerances of some Intertidal Animals in Relation to Environmental Temperatures and Geographical distribution. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 37, 49.

Southward, A.J. (1976). Taxonomy and distribution of Chthamalus. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 56, 1007-28.

Steers, J.A. (1969). The Sea Coast. 4th edition. London, Collins/New Naturalist.

Stephenson, T.A. and Stephenson, A. (1972). Life between Tidemarks on Rocky Shores. San Francisco, Freeman.

Swedmark, B. (1964). The Interstitial Fauna of Marine Sand. Biol. Rev., 39, 1.

Teas, H.J. (ed.) (1983). Biology and ecology of mangroves. The Hague, Dr W. Junk Publishers.

Underwood, A.J. (1979). Ecology of Intertidal Gastropods. Adv. Mar. Biol., 16, 111-210.

Veron, J.E.N. (1993). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Hawaii University Press.

Wells, G.P. (1949). The Behaviour of Arenicola marina in Sand. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK, 28, 465.

Wells, S.M. (1988). Coral Reefs of the World. Vols. 1-3. IUCN, Cambridge, UK and Gland, Switzerland.

Williams, I.C. and Ellis, C. (1975). Movements of Littorina littorea. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol., 17, 47-58.

Wood, E.M. (1983). Corals of the World. Biology and field guide. T.F.H. Publications.

Wood, E.M. (ed.) (1994). Pulau Sipadan: Reef life and ecology. Unpublished report to the World Wide Fund for Nature.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Command Your Life

Command Your Life

Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At Having A Better Life. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Secrets To Managing Your Own Destiny.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment