How To Avoid Detergent Overdose
A greener lifestyle doesn't have to mean dingy laundry. You can keep your whites white and your colors bright without sending nasty chemicals down the drain (and from there into lakes and rivers). Here are some earth-friendly tips for the laundry room When you buy laundry detergent, look for products that are biodegradable, free of petroleum-based ingredients, and that don't contain bleach. To reduce potential irritants, pick detergents without dyes and fragrances, as well. (Check out detergents made by companies listed in the box on page 20.) If you want to know exactly what's going into the wash with your clothes, make your own laundry detergent. To do that, you'll need to get some washing soda, which is sodium carbonate, often used as a water softener. It's available in the detergent aisle of most grocery stores. Meanwhile, heat two-and-a-half gallons of water. Pour the hot water into a bucket. Add the hot, melted soap to the bucket and stir. Mix in half a cup of borax and a cup of...
How much hot water does your family use, and when do they use it To calculate how much hot water you need, measure flow and multiply it by the amount of time you and your family spend in the shower. If you also use a lot of hot water for laundry and dishes, add about ten gallons per load. (See Chapter 2 for details on measuring your water flow.)
The safety of residents should be given serious consideration so that security measures and green strategies do not conflict. For example, if residents keep their windows closed for fear of intruders, natural ventilation strategies are negated. To reconcile these competing concerns, locate exterior circulation and outdoor areas to be visible from within buildings orient kitchens, living rooms, or laundry facilities toward courtyards so residents can keep an eye on public areas provide one or two designated entrances so that staff and residents are able to monitor who enters and leaves the building and design hallways, stairways, and other common spaces to be easily observable from the exterior. If necessary, install security screens on ground-floor windows and doors so residents can benefit from natural ventilation without sacrificing security. Consider providing playground equipment or community garden plots giving residents reasons to use common spaces and providing a method of...
The ground floor is exposed in all four directions. The kitchen, baths and laundry room are located at the northern part of the plan and the garage serves as a western buffer. All spaces, excluding the garage, are a single thermal zone. The house also includes a number of verandas and balconies facing in different directions. Main fenestration is placed to the south, with smaller openings to the north for cross-ventilation. However, all rooms have openings in two directions to ensure appropriate ventilation. There are only a few, small, recessed openings in the west facade. The second floor is exposed in all four directions.
Transformative building design questions conventional thinking toward reducing environmental impact. It uses design thinking to go from making incremental changes to taking giant innovative leaps. It solves multiple problems and integrates human behavior, technology, operations, and design. As an example, consider the problem of water. In urban environments, water typically comes from the municipal water supply, which collects water from rivers, lakes, or underground aquifers. It is then treated and distributed through a sophisticated system of ducts and pumps into commercial and residential buildings. Once there, it's used in sinks, lavatories, landscaping, and cleaning processes. Most of the water used for all of these functions is the highest quality available, i.e., potable, or appropriate for human consumption. After use, this dirty water (either gray water from dishwashing, laundry, or bathing, or black water from toilets) is typically dumped into lakes and streams also used for...
Living in those villages, I learned to draw my water for laundry, drinking, and cooking from the river in buckets. In the fall and spring men on snow machines bring caribou to the villages, where I helped the women cut and dry the meat. I went to fish camps where families lived along the Mauneluk River during the spawning period in late summer and fall and helped cut hundreds of fish to be dried and put away for winter use. During this time, we also hiked along the tundra to pick salmonberries, cranberries, and blueberries to store for the rest of the year. While the women picked berries and cut and dried fish, men went out onto the tundra and often came back with caribou, moose, or bear. Every day we ate salmon, whatever fresh meat might have been caught, and berries with condensed milk for dessert. At
The Plaza Apartments exemplify how to create a humane, healthy, noninstitutional environment for extremely low-income residents. A colorful, urban high-rise building, this newly constructed project provides studio apartment housing and on-site supportive services for formerly homeless residents. Each of the building's 106 residential units includes a full bathroom and kitchenette and averages approximately 300 square feet. This mixed-use building also includes ground-floor retail (approximately 2,200 square feet) anchoring the corner of Howard and Sixth Streets, a 99-seat community theater (still to be built out), and community spaces comprising a kitchen, a courtyard, and laundry facilities. Located in San Francisco's South of Market area, the project is part of broader efforts to revitalize its gritty Sixth Street neighborhood. Sustainable flooring includes recycled-rubber flooring in residential bathrooms and laundry room, bamboo in common areas, and linoleum in kitchenettes
51 An airing cupboard requires roughly 1.5kWh to dry one load of clothes. I worked this out by weighing my laundry a load of clothes, 4 kg when dry, emerged from my Bosch washing machine weighing 2.2 kg more (even after a good German spinning). The latent heat of vaporization of water at 15 C is roughly 2500 kJ kg. To obtain the daily figure in table 7.41 assumed that one person has a load of laundry every three days, and that this sucks valuable heat from the house during the cold half of the year. (In summer, using the airing cupboard delivers a little bit of air-conditioning, since the evaporating water cools the air in the house.)
Pollution is often seen as an activity involving a limited number of actors or agents and so a readily identifiable source and target. In economics the case of a smoky factory being sited near a laundry or a firm polluting a stream used by a farmer are typical examples. Thus, pollution is described as an activity by one agent which imposes negative consequences on another agent who has no control over the activity harming them, termed an externality. The aim of environmental economics is then to make all agents take account of the damages they impose on others, termed the need to internalise the externalities. Under a 'polluter pays principle', the factory should be charged for emitting smoke and the firm for putting waste in the stream. This charge should reflect the monetary amount of damages caused to the laundry or farmer per unit of pollution. This effectively places a price upon the environmental damages and so encourages polluters to reduce their use of the environment as a...
Indoor air quality should improve with increasing consumer preference for green products or low-emission products and building materials. Green products for household use include products that are used on a daily basis, such as laundry detergents, cleaning fluids, window cleaners, cosmetics, aerosol sprays, fertilizers, and pesticides. Generally, these products do not contain chemicals that cause environmental pollution problems, or have lesser quantities of them than their counterparts. Some chemicals have been totally eliminated from use in household products due to strict regulations. Examples include the ban of phosphate-based detergents and aerosols containing chlorofluorocarbons. A list of green products available in the United States and other countries is provided in an adjacent table. Materials like plaster boards, urea-formaldehyde foam insulation, soldering glue, switches, and panel boards, which are known to cause indoor air quality problems, have been substituted with...
As consumers have become more interested in using safe, easy-on-the-environment cleaning products, companies have responded. If you don't have the time or inclination to cook up your own laundry detergent (page 25) or air freshener (page 24), check out some of these companies Biokleen (http biokleenhome.com) makes laundry and dishwasher detergents, as well as general cleaning products. All its products are biodegradable, nontoxic, and not tested on animals. Ecos (www.ecos.com) mostly sells kitchen, bathroom, and laundry products, with some others for the rest of the house. Ecos has a Freedom Code, a long list of chemicals including many of those mentioned earlier in this chapter it doesn't use in its products. Ecover (www.ecover.com) makes products from renewable vegetable and mineral resources and specializes in dishwashing and laundry products, along with soaps and other household cleaners. Ecover also make earth-friendly cleaners for cars and boats. Seventh Generation...
The Hospital for Large Animals facility on the Grafton campus operates year-round and provides consultation, referral, and emergency veterinary services, as well as twenty-four-hour care for horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and llamas. Primary uses of hot water include washing animal-containment areas and laundry and showering facilities, each with a decentralized draining configuration. Solar hot water appears to be an appropriate renewable-energy technology to defray a portion of the hot water heating costs. This project will
Always best on the south side, where they can take advantage of the sun exposure. By contrast, the light on the northern side of the structure is cold and dull windows on that side don't allow any heat from the sun in but do let heat escape out. So put closets, bathrooms, laundry rooms, and other such rooms, which can tolerate poor lighting and smaller windows, on the north side. By reducing windows on the northern exposure, you can increase insulation.
But doing the laundry was far different from the washing we know today (see Box 5.1). In 1964, nearly half of the washing machines were not connected to a tap and or water outlet. Clean textiles had ceased to be a major headache (Philips, 1985). This affected quantities. The amounts washed increased from just over one kilogram of laundry per capita per week in the 1960s to over five kilograms of laundry per week at the beginning of the 1980s. And it did not stop there. The volume of washing per capita per week is presently well over 6 kilograms. So we can identify the following factors determining the huge increase of energy use for washing less washing by hand and a growing volume of laundry per person. Explanatory determinants for these factors are behavioural change related to changes in the types of textile in use and washing frequency, technological change in the washing process (automation and electrification of heating) and increased availability of these washing...
Loss of groundwater was considered the most serious problem. Simple 6-7 meter deep draw-wells turned into empty wells just in the beginning of mining activity (1960ies). Empty wells were replaced by 2035 meter artesian wells those were soon replaced by 40-70, later even by 180 meter artesian wells, as the quality of the groundwater was falling quickly. One of the respondents had three different wells in her courtyard, but even in the deepest well water is contaminated by oil. Although water systems are changed every decade most of the inhabitants use local well-water only for hand washing, they drink bottled water (Estonian country people are used to drink water of their own wells). Water for laundry is brought with cans from long distance, collecting of rainwater is also common.
I Even if your water bill is fixed, estimate how much water you used on a monthly basis. If possible, you should try to divide your water usage according to the various functions for which you use it, such as sewer, laundry, dishwasher, and so on. Landscaping may be the biggest water consumer in your household, and this is important to know.
Water is so basic to life that many people take it for granted, assuming it'll be there whenever they want to fill a glass, take a shower, or wash laundry. But the world is headed toward a water crisis and getting there fast. A United Nations report estimates that two-thirds of the world's population will face shortages of clean water by 2025. In the U.S., many cities have outdated treatment plants and infrastructure (water mains, pipes, and so on) or are expanding quickly and the local water supply can't keep up. These problems could lead to serious water shortages throughout the country within the next 10 to 15 years. And it's not just people who need water, of course a diminishing water supply also endangers animals, plants, and entire ecosystems.
'hempcrete' (see for example Steen et al., 1994 Pearson, 1989 Hart, n.d.). Accompanying this has been a growth in social innovation such as housing cooperatives and co-housing (a type of community-based living where residents have their own homes and share some facilities such as laundry, a community hall and gardening), intentional communities and communes (see White (2002) for a recent overview of UK sustainable housing schemes in the UK, listing 81 exemplar projects ranging from low-energy single-household homes to large community self-build projects and eco-visitor centres).
What emerges from this system case study is that the preventive paradigm entails a very different approach to a particular environmental problem from that implied by the end-of-pipe philosophy. We started out thinking about mercury contamination. We followed the roots of the problem back into a complex network of material flows that embraced chlorine, organic chemicals, nutrients, sewage and water resources (Figure 25). Underlying this complex network, we can identify the need for certain kinds of services, such as clean water, laundry services, dental care and so on. But it is also clear that there are a number of different options for providing those services. And each way of meeting needs has different material implications and different environmental implications. This conclusion is clearly reminiscent of the discussion in Chapter 4
Yet we proceed to live as if our normal lives will continue. We bear a vague sense of pessimism about our future while we carry on with business as usual, and we worry more than we act. A strong majority of U.S. citizens, 83 , express concern about the environment and believe that at least some (if not immediate and drastic) action must be taken to address environmental problems, yet only 18 regard themselves as active participants in such efforts (Dunlap & Saad, 2001). Instead, we go to school or work, do the shopping and laundry, visit friends and take vacations when we can, and try not to think about the claim that the planet cannot possibly sustain our current lifestyles for very much longer. Perhaps we hope that the doomsday scientists will decide they got it wrong, or come up with some good technological fixes. If we wait it out, we may find that all will be well, after all.
A great way to save energy doing laundry is to use hot water only when you need to. Eighty-five percent of the energy used in washing is consumed by heating the water. A lot of people simply run their machines on hot all the time. You can easily save 25 percent on your washing costs by using cold water most of the time in particular, for the rinse cycle. Look on the label of your detergent for the best ways to use cold water. You can also effectively wash in cold water if you use detergent made for cold water. Check your detergent label to find its temperature requirement.
As consumers educate themselves and demand cleaner and greener products, companies will look for ways to green their product lines to meet that demand. Product managers need to stay informed about environmental regulations affecting the packaged goods industry. They need to know trends in recycling and packaging design for products ranging from laundry detergent to toothpaste.
Practices approach, the responsibility of the individual towards environmental change is analysed in direct relation with social structure' (Spaargaren, 2003 690). For instance, Levett et al. (2003) argue that while the market defines an ever-expanding range of goods and services to choose from, it cannot, by definition, offer choices external to itself. A person might choose one brand of washing-machine over another because of its greater energy-efficiency, but what they cannot easily choose is to purchase collectively and share common laundry facilities among a local group of residents, or to redefine social conventions to reduce the socially-acceptable frequency of clothes-washing. Within the growing body of literature on societal transitions to sustainability, this level of infrastructure is described as the 'socio-technical regime' namely that set of institutions, technologies and structures which set the rules and parameters within which individual actors may exhibit...
For a recycling program to be successful, it must be easy for occupants to participate. A recycling bin should be issued for each residential unit (for very small units, a bin in a common trash room is an alternative) and placed in all common areas (such as laundry rooms and community kitchens), as well as janitors' closets. An easily accessible bin also should be placed in the parking area. All recycling bins in the building should be washed out often to remove sticky residues that might attract pests.
I Install exhaust fans vented to the outside in all bathrooms, the kitchen, and the laundry room. Use them when you're showering or cooking to get rid of humidity in the summer. You can even install a humidistat to turn the vent fans on when humidity levels exceed a certain threshold.
Water is used in housing developments for landscaping, cooking, bathing, laundry, toilet flushing, mechanical and ventilation systems, and landscape irrigation. In households nationally, indoor use accounts for approximately 40 percent of annual water use, with 60 percent used for outdoor purposes. On average, an individual in the United States uses 70 gallons of water a day.
Fleas and lice favour overcrowded conditions, such as those occuring during wars, famines or refugee camps. Efforts should be instituted to reduce overcrowding, but where this is impossible, washing and laundry facilities should at least be provided. Wearing of other people's clothes or sharing combs are common methods of transferring ectoparasites in tropical areas.
Viewed another way, the practice of keeping a tank full of hot water makes little sense. You may run the hot water for an hour a day to shower, bathe, wash hands, and wash dishes. On laundry day, you use more hot water, but still only a few hours out of the day. Yet the tank on your water heater consumes energy 24 hours a day, just to be ready for the few hours of supply you actually use.
This house is three-storey, rectangular in plan and located in the centre of Mexico City. On the ground floor it has a car park area, studio, greenhouse, vegetable and flower garden, inorganic waste material separation, living and dining room, kitchen, studio, bathroom, rainwater collection and storage system, rainwater absorption well and garden. The second floor has three bedrooms and two bathrooms. The third floor has a studio, bedroom, bathroom, laundry room, solar photovoltaics area, terrace and flower growing area. The roof has a storage area, solar collectors area and rainwater collection area.
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