Renaissance of Nuclear Energy in the USA Opportunities Challenges and Future Research Needs

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Abstract The future of nuclear energy is an important issue for many countries intending to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels and achieve the reduction targets for green house gas GHG emissions. As of June, 2008, there were 439 operating nuclear reactors with a total generating capacity of 372 GWe and 42 power reactors under construction in 15 countries. In the USA, a total of 104 nuclear reactors currently produce 20 of the electricity and account for at least 70 of all GHG-free...