Review questions

2.1 How does the climate system embrace both climate of the first kind and climate of the second kind?

2.2 What is the role of feedbacks in the climate system?

2.3 How does the concept of blackbody radiation contribute to understanding of absorption and emission of radiant energy by the atmosphere?

2.4 How can atmospheric carbon dioxide be a good absorber of terrestrial radiation and a weak absorber of solar radiation?

2.5 How can we demonstrate the greenhouse effect is real?

2.6 How much would the emission temperature of Earth change if the planetary albedo was 15%?

2.7 How are the radiation balance and the energy balance equations related?

2.8 How are the water balance and the hydrologic equation related?

- Precipitation

— Potential évapotranspiration

---- Actual évapotranspiration r—1 Water deficiency

Water Surplus irrm Soil moisture utilization Soil moisture Recharge

360 320 280 240

"S 200 5 160

- Precipitation

— Potential évapotranspiration

---- Actual évapotranspiration r—1 Water deficiency

Water Surplus irrm Soil moisture utilization Soil moisture Recharge

Fig. 2.8. Water balance for Red Bluff, California (40° N). Terms are defined in the text.

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Month

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