The Building As A System

For buildings to provide safe, comfortable, and affordable shelter, they must rely on a number of "systems" that address the building's structure, ventilation, plumbing, temperature control, safety, and durability. All of these individual systems need to be seen as contributing to the overall building "ecosystem," rather than as disconnected pieces and parts. The integrated design process uses a systems approach to view the building from a holistic perspective. To design an efficient system, it is essential to understand the various components and how they interact.

The first relationship to consider is between the building, its site, and the surrounding neighborhood. While often described as the passive component to design, decisions at this point set the framework for the entire project. Patterns of foot traffic hydrology, microclimate, topography, solar exposure, prevailing winds, direction of views, and the social needs and patterns of the building users should be documented at the outset. These factors should then guide and shape building orientation, form, and massing. In

0 0

Post a comment