C

Cai, Ming 121 calcium carbonate 38-39, 53 California 69, 105, 165 Callendar, Guy S. 4, 235c Callendar Effect 4 cancer drugs 103

cap-and-trade programs 91-92, 168, 238c

Cape May National Wildlife Refuge 160-162 Cape May warbler 153 cap rock 50 carbonates 56 carbonate salts 53 carbon balance 17 carbon budget 94, 97

carbon capture and storage (CCS) 75,

77-79, 210-213 carbon credits 57 carbon cycle 30-32, 38, 59, 120 carbon dioxide (CO2) Arrhenius's studies 3-4 Callendar's studies 4 common sources 19 and crop productivity 66-68, 82-86 deforestation and 88 and discovery of greenhouse effect 1, 2

and enhanced greenhouse effect 10 fertilizer manufacturing and 73 and forest productivity 105 global warming's effects on 54 half-life 18 ice core studies 236c increases (1950-1970) 235c and Keeling Curve 13-14 levels, 1800-1870 234c levels, 2003 238c levels since 2000 117-118 levels since Industrial Revolution 10, 13

modeling of U.S. emissions 58-59 and natural greenhouse effect 11 and photosynthesis rates 62-63 potency relative to other greenhouse gases 21-24 sequestration. See carbon sequestration carbon footprint 114-119, 119 carbonic acid 53, 210 carbon labeling 116 carbon monoxide 35 carbon neutrality 116 carbon offsets 116 Carbon Sciences 56-57 carbon sequestration 3-59 agricultural 43-45, 45 carbon cycle and 30-32, 38 carbon sinks and sources 32-39 CCS 75, 77-79, 210-213 forestry 45-49, 48, 87-89 geologic 49-53, 214-219, 216 mineral 53, 55

and modeling of U.S. carbon emissions 58-59

ocean 55-56, 219-223, 220, 222 potential drawbacks 57-58 various methods 55-57 carbon sinks 31-39, 94-98, 95, 209. See also specific carbon sinks, e.g.: forests caribou 148, 203 catalytic converters 20 Cativela, J. P. 70 cattle 19, 65. See also livestock CCS. See carbon capture and storage CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) 90-91

cement production 35, 38-39 Central America 184-186 Central Europe floods (2002) 237c CFCs. See chlorofluorocarbons CFP (Climate Friendly Parks) 125 chalk 51-52 Chamberlin, Thomas 2 Chang, Andrew 86 chemistry of greenhouse gases 18-21 Chicago heat wave (1995) 136, 194 China 49, 117, 129, 173, 238c Chinook salmon 163 chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) 20, 25-27, 32 CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species) 146 cities. See urban areas citrus crops 62 clathrate hydrates 55 clay minerals 53 Clean Air Act (1990) 25 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

90-91 clear-cut logging 110 Climate Change Action Plan 73 Climate Friendly Parks (CFP) 125 climate models agricultural systems 61 Alaska 201 deforestation and 104 forests and climate change 106-108 global dimming and 29 land use change 122 midwestern U.S. 193 radiative forcings 16 western U.S. 197, 198 clouds 9, 68 coal 2

coal gasification 50

coal seams 50

Cohen, Jordan 19-20

combustion 35

commercial crops 63

Congo Basin Forest Partnership 120

coniferous forests 200

ConocoPhillips 50

conservation tillage 40, 43, 45, 75, 76, 78 Convention on International Trade in

Endangered Species (CITES) 146 coral reefs 149-150, 157, 180 corrosion 43 cows. See livestock

Craven Farms (Cloverdale, Oregon) 71 Crisp, Gary 231

crop productivity 63, 66-68, 82-86,

189-191, 194 Crow, Debra 53 cud 69

cultural losses, from anthropogenic climate change 138-139 Curtis, Peter S. 66-68 Czech Republic 139

Solar Panel Basics

Solar Panel Basics

Global warming is a huge problem which will significantly affect every country in the world. Many people all over the world are trying to do whatever they can to help combat the effects of global warming. One of the ways that people can fight global warming is to reduce their dependence on non-renewable energy sources like oil and petroleum based products.

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