Whereas the WEEE Directive is designed to help manage e-waste, the European Union also took steps to reduce how much waste is actually produced. The Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) was adopted in February 2003 by the European Union.

The directive restricts the use of six hazardous materials in the manufacture of certain types of electronic equipment:

• Hexavalent chromium

• Polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs)

• Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)

The directive sets a maximum concentration of these materials at 0.1 percent (cadmium is much lower at 0.01 percent) by weight of homogenous material. This means that the weight of these elements—if extracted from the finished product—cannot exceed the aforementioned limits.

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There is no larger employer in the world than the United States Government. Positions are available on a near regular basis, despite recent cutbacks. Not only are there opportunities domestically, but employment outside the United States is a possibility on military bases, overseas embassies and various departments of defense and state agencies.

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