David StC. Black
The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
One appropriate definition of green chemistry is "the design of new synthetic pathways to perform chemical processes in a very controlled way, so as to reduce drastically, or to eliminate completely, all the environmental impact." In terms of synthetic industrial processes, this idea leads to the application of highly efficient catalysts, many of which are based on metal complex or organometallic structures. Some of the most important industrial processes involve mild oxidation reactions leading to intermediates in more extensive synthetic schemes. An important consideration is the potential establishment of new chiral centers, consequently, enantiospecific reactions are highly desirable. A range of the most useful oxidation processes are considered here. However, these are confined to the formation of carbon-oxygen bonds.
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