Ii

If we stand still here at home, we stand still around the world.2 Fifteen years after World War II, that reasoning resonated powerfully with most Americans. The Cold War spawned an unrelenting sense of threat. Democracy and free enterprise were locked in a death struggle with communism and collective ownership. It was not clear then which system would triumph. The Soviets' launch of Sputnik, the first artificial Earth satellite, in 1957 shocked Americans, shaking their...