Government Grants Database
There is no doubt that a significant amount of Federal government funding has been spent on reducing Australia's greenhouse gases under the 'no-regrets policy', and that inevitably some reductions in emissions will be achieved. The question remains, nevertheless, whether this policy will deliver the reductions required, particularly when one considers the Auditor-General's assessment of the funding package, mentioned below. In addition, on 7 November 2000 the Australian Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts References Committee tabled a Report34 entitled The Heat is On Australia's Greenhouse Future. 35 The Report was critical of many aspects of the Federal government's 'no-regrets' policy, as well as some of the regulatory measures that have been attempted. The Committee made 104 recommendations, focusing on the impacts of global warming the Kyoto Protocol Australia's
Most financial and product flows from industrial to developing countries come from private investment, not governments. Business concerns about investment risk in developing countries are real but can be mitigated. One potential medium would be a public-private investment fund established by the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, targeted specifically to transportation needs in developing countries. A transitory fund that uses government funding to leverage private capital could mitigate financing risk and serve as a bridge to longer term financing through private or multilateral lenders.
With China's generation assets largely under the control of the state, generation investments have been made primarily by state-owned or provincially-owned entities, backed by government funding. Since the structural reforms initiated in the mid-1980s, private investments have played an increasing role. China is investing in the transmission networks and interconnections, as well as regional power grids. Lack of adequate transmission in some areas has prevented low-cost generation in one province or region from reaching a neighbouring area. In recent years, China has developed interconnections linking the six major regional grids in order to increase capacity to transfer power from the country's resource-rich west to the energy-hungry east, optimising the distribution and use of its existing power resources. Pilot projects are being undertaken for 1 000 MW high-voltage transmission lines. Transmission investments accounted for about 40 of total investment in the power sector in 2006....
In such cases, there will also be a need for planning, so that companies that do not see saving energy as an important activity will be guided and supported in their efforts to save energy, or, perhaps, forced to do so through legislation. This book does not argue in favor of any particular solution, other than making planning and, possibly, government funding two tools that need to be included in the toolbox that will drive energy transformation.
The British government clearly wasn't. According to one observer from the UK's Natural Law Party, the reason the government had commissioned the research team from the Rowett Institute in the first place was that it was convinced that it would come up with a favorable result in relation to the safety of the GM potatoes. When Pusztai first discovered the health problems of his rats, even before his TV appearance he requested additional government funding to identify its source. But the government wanted nothing to do with it. In fact, after Pusztai's unexpected discovery, the British government ended all funding in safety testing.27
Investors looking for profits in this sector should also stay on top of a few companies that are not publicly traded, for the simple reason that their progress could dictate future IPOs, government funding, and even the reduction of regulatory hurdles. We definitely saw the latter happen when a company called Verdant Power came on the scene.
In 1945, Vincent Schaefer (1891-1993) of General Electric Laboratories in Schenectady, New York, accidentally dropped tiny particles of dry ice (solid carbon dioxide) into a deep-freeze. Little snowflakes formed around the dry ice. Intrigued, Schaefer and his boss, Nobel Prize-winning chemist Irving Langmuir (1881-1957), decided to test their method on clouds in a nearby mountain area. Flying in a small plane, they dropped tiny particles of dry ice into the clouds.This technique, called cloud seeding, successfully produced precipitation. Langmuir soon secured government funding for additional trials to show that seeding clouds with either dry ice or silver iodide could make rain.
In addition to general subsidies to capital that benefit multiple sectors of the economy, a number of subsidies target biofuel capital directly. Capital grants are used in many states and help finance production facilities, refueling or blending infrastructure, or the purchase of more expensive alternative fueled vehicles. Partial government funding of demonstration projects in the ethanol sector is common. The Energy Policy Act of 2005, for example, provided earmarked funds for a number of large biofuel-demonstration projects.
When the plans for some such technologies have been made, it can be determined whether they represent opportunities for the short or long term. Needless to say, the time to market this type of technology ought to be an important factor to weigh in the decision about government funding or support. In a market economy it will always be possible for an inventor, entrepreneur or a company to invest as much money and resources as they wish in a project that they believe in. At the level of society, and regarding projects that qualify for a planned program, the selection, in order to reduce the number of projects and the volume of investment, needs to be as strict as it would have been in any company with a management that manages toward the return on investment of its shareholders. This means that the planned project needs to be run toward the goal of supplying the energy needs of the future through the development of as few new technologies as possible.
States are encouraged to prepare special area management plans addressing such issues as natural resources, coastal-dependent economic growth, and protection of life and property in hazardous areas. Federal grants are available to the states to cover 80 percent of the costs of administering their federally approved coastal zone management programs. They may use 30 percent of their grants to implement the 1980 amendment provisions.
The formal system of government concerns authority and responsibility among levels and units from the national down to the local level. In the Swedish context, this means that decisions on principles, objectives, instruments and allocation of authority and responsibility for climate policy are made by the Cabinet and Parliament. A specific Swedish feature is that all Cabinet decisions are taken in pleno - that is, the Cabinet is collectively responsible. More operational regulations and guidelines are a matter for sectoral governmental agencies. It should be noted that in Sweden, these agencies are formally independent of the Cabinet ministries. This means that the ministers cannot involve themselves in administrative decisions on policy implementation - for example, on how to allocate state grants to local climate investment programmes. Such decisions are the reserve of the appointed 'responsible' agency, in this case SEPA.
As the green building movement has grown so has the number of nonprofit organizations nationally that conduct trainings, develop green building resources, and provide technical assistance. By collaborating with these groups, affordable housing developers can stay abreast of the latest green building strategies, technology, and green building incentives and rebates. Many of these nonprofit groups are able to provide green building technical assistance at low or no cost, through funding from government agencies or foundation grants. At the national level the U.S. Green Building Council established an Affordable Housing Working Group to provide direction in the development of the LEED for Homes rating system. This group provided recommendations during the pilot phase for how to modify or augment the draft LEED for Homes criteria so that the program would be accessible to developers of affordable housing from both a technical and an administrative standpoint. In addition, the USGBC made a...
As mentioned, the polluter pays principle is at the core of the Community guidelines on state aid for environmental protection,37 which refer explicitly to tradable permit schemes.38 The guidelines consider that ETS can lead to state aid when a Member State grants allowances to companies below their market value, which is by definition the case when allowances are allocated for free. According to the guidelines, 'when the global amount of permits granted by Member States is lower than the global expected needs of undertakings, the overall effect on the level of environmental protection will be positive'.39 Hence, state aid will be allowed. Further, at the individual level of each undertaking, if the allowances granted do not cover the totality of expected needs of the undertaking, the state aid will be also allowed. In order to limit distortions of competition, no over-allocation of allowances can be justified and provision must be made to avoid barriers to entry.40 These criteria...
When it comes to the exploitation of natural gas, which the KRG seeks to encourage, article 14 of the model PSC acknowledges that complications that do not present themselves in connection with crude oil production may be encountered by contractors and, as a result, it provides for more generous cost recovery and profit sharing, but basically in the context of contract provisions that are materially similar to those of a crude oil PSC.89 It must be observed, however, that the KRG's 2007 Oil and Gas Law places a cap on cost recovery from gas production not exceeding 60 , after deduction for royalties.90 Article 14 permits contractors engaged in crude oil activities to freely use natural gas to enhance recovery efforts.91 Excess associated natural gas that is not used or sold by the contractor is to be made available free of charge to the KRG upon request, and if the gas is subsequently marketed by the government, the contractor may elect to participate, at its own cost, in providing...
Third (and here I turn to those wider forces I promised to talk about above), the way you internalize what you learn as a geography student is structured by your expectations of your degree. And your expectations are, in part, socially conditioned - they do not emerge from you alone, fully-formed, as if you existed as a sovereign individual. In a book entitled Academic Capitalism, the educational sociologist Sheila Slaughter (1997) has argued that Western universities are losing some of that relative autonomy I mentioned earlier. For her, they are becoming more like businesses whose principal commodities are degrees and whose main market is students. In the UK, for example, government funding for universities has declined, while degree students have, for the first time, been made to pay for their own education. Heavily reliant on student funding to survive, British universities have doubled their intake in little over a decade. Meanwhile, many students are understandably keen to...
The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 provided a good foundation for pollution prevention in the United States. It established much-needed definitions, contained provisions to set up an information clearinghouse and awards programs, and most important, provided start-up funds for states and the EPA to work on dedicated P2 programs. Unfortunately, many provisions of the act were never fully implemented and appropriations were insufficient to orchestrate a comprehensive program. For example, less than one percent of federal grant monies to states for other media programs such as air, waste, and water goes to P2.
In 1996, a few hours after his application for government funding to continue studies on the structure of a new form of carbon named C60 had been turned down by a research council, the chemist Harry Kroto was announced as the winner of the Nobel prize for those same studies. The announcement led the research council to immediately reverse its decision (Gregory and Miller, 1998). Merton considers these mechanisms to be due to the scarcity of 'recognition' as a resource, and to rigidity in the forms of its allocation. The same thing may happen in science - especially as regards its greatest honours like the Nobel prize - as occurred at the Acad mie Fran aise, which only had forty chairs. Among those relegated to the 'forty-first chair', i.e. the famous men excluded, were Descartes, Pascal, Rousseau, Diderot, Stendhal, Flaubert, Zola and Proust.
Ing the possibilities of implementing national climate policy effectively through a strategy of coordination and cooperation (see Lundqvist, 1998). When local politicians take action to mobilize resources, local government's monopoly of physical planning clearly invites them to adopt an exclusively intra-municipal perspective to maximize the developmental potential and attractiveness of the municipality. Climate policy instruments such as national support for municipal climate investment programmes create a dynamic of individual local government activity rather than inter-municipal cooperation, provided that the individual municipality deems itself capable of developing an application that will result in a state grant.
In the area of environment and development, developing and developed countries are aware of the problems, but they face a number of dilemmas 79 . Southern dilemmas include how to modernize without westernizing, where they want to emulate the West and at the same time see the Western lifestyle as a source of most environmental problems. This dilemma is most visible in UN discussions. A second dilemma is the challenge of surviving without squandering resources cutting down the last tree, mining in forested areas, or allowing species to be traded in an effort to survive. This influences developing country positions in treaties on trade in endangered species and hazardous wastes. A third dilemma is begging for help without mortgaging resources, where countries seek financial assistance from the north but may through such assistance lose control over their land and natural resources. Such may be the case where private sector participation or foreign banks and agencies are invited in the...
Facilitate the adoption by business of source-reduction techniques by establishing a source-reduction clearinghouse and a state matching grants program. Congress further appropriated 58 million for each of the fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993 for state grants, with a 50 percent state match requirement.
In the future, the value of the carbon credits would depend on many factors including how the credits for emission reductions were obtained, subsequent land ownership, and the source of the funding used to generate the offsets. A very important factor could be governmental regulations. For example, under existing U.S. DOE guidelines, projects that use private dollars should receive full benefit and baseline protection for emission reductions. However, it is not clear whether or not projects implemented with government funding will receive full credit under the current U.S. regulatory regime.
Ongoing, consistent, and adequate funding appears to be the biggest challenge facing the DFWT. The income generated from the DFWT trust funds combined with other government funding programs allow the DFWT to share costs with farmers for various agri-environmental stewardship programs. However, the money they receive is not enough to pay farmers to cover the losses they incur as a result of wildlife damage or to fund all of the programs to their fullest extent (e.g. grassland set-asides). There are a number of issues related to government funding programs. For example, the amount of money available from the federal government for agri-environmental stewardship programs appears to be diminishing. In addition, the application process and reporting requirements for federally funded programs are overly bureaucratic and time consuming. To make matters worse, federal funds are frozen on a fairly regular basis. When a funding freeze occurs, any money that has been promised to an organization...
Don't focus on reducing consumption but rather managing consumption. By this, Mr. (or Ms.) President, I mean shifting buckets full of government funding at all levels R&D, policy, tax incentives, and the like from advanced extraction and production methods to transmission, distribution, and energy services. The left side of the chain coal R&D, advanced nuclear reactors, oil gas extraction, even advanced wind
In July 2004 the government released its Science & innovation investment framework 2004-2014, which set out a long-term strategy to secure and sustain a supply of scientists, engineers, technologists and mathematicians (STEM) to support the science base. As part of this framework, the STEM Cross-Cutting Programme, jointly managed by the then Department for Education and Skills and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), was set up to examine the range of initiatives supporting this agenda and to look for ways to enhance the effectiveness of government funding in two areas
One way to improve public education and to put a damper on the present system of corporations buying politicians and elections would be to remove all election-related commercials from television and radio and substitute broader debates among candidates and more in-depth interviews, discussion, and political analysis controlled by, as one possibility, a Federal Elections Authority90 (delegation again) and similar authorities at the state level. Perhaps one way to get campaign reform would be to give Congress the authority to regulate elections, as has long been proposed by Senator Ernest Fritz Hollings.91 An elections authority would make the tools available to reduce the opportunities to buy elections. Only government funding of elections might be allowed, so that a system of one person, one vote would start to replace the current system of one dollar, one vote. The notion that money is a form of speech (enshrined in the preposterous 1976 Supreme Court decision Buckley v. Valeo)92...
Government funding for energy research skyrocketed in the mid-1970s, during the oil shock (when crude oil prices rose sharply), to encourage scientists and companies to develop alternative energy sources. But when the first crisis faded, so did interest. Government investment in energy research around the world is half of what it was in 1980. Now that the world is facing a climate shock and is reeling from high oil prices, governments can encourage similar initiatives.
Government funding and planning of investments and change activities does not imply socialism, or a move by the United States, or any other country, away from the market economy system. There are already ample examples throughout the twentieth-century US history, and before, of the use of large-scale planned industrial transformation in order to take on important challenges. The examples of the transformation of the entire American industry in order for the United States to become the arsenal of democracy and lead the Allied countries in an effort to win the Second World War, The Marshall Plan, and the Apollo program support the argument that planned efforts have been an important aspect of global economic life for a long time. Furthermore, these efforts have not only contributed substantially to economic growth. They have also, in some cases, made possible the development of technologies that would not have seen the light of day without government funding. This is due to the long...
Wind farms currently only generate about 1 3 of the electricity that they could. Wind proponents project that with continued government funding and development, wind energy could provide 6 of the nation's electricity by 2020. This clean green energy source creates electricity without consuming natural resources or producing greenhouse gases.
All R&D programs listed under Subchapters 8.1 through 8.4 should receive continuous government funding for at least the next three decades to be effective. Government labs, universities, and industries must all be engaged, and students must be trained to build and maintain a solid knowledge base. In addition, educational programs must be initiated to increase public understanding and acceptance of nuclear energy (Chapters 5-7).
In 2000 the EPA announced its goal to eliminate childhood lead poisoning by the year 2010. The plan for achieving this goal is described in Eliminating Childhood Lead Poisoning A Federal Strategy Targeting Lead Paint Hazards by the President's Task Force on Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children (February 2000). The report recommends federal grants for lead education programs and renovations at low-income housing projects.
Getting The Internet Grant
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