The Ozone Hole

In 1985, a group of British scientists, using ground-based techniques, discovered extraordinary and unexpected ozone depletion over Antarctica. There had been theories propounded about the impacts of commonly used chemicals called chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) on ozone depletion in the stratosphere. Such depletion could lead to skin cancer and other effects. Yet, there lacked convincing evidence of human impacts on depletion, as well as a sense of urgency. Antarctica provided the urgency. NASA followed up the British Antarctic findings with alarming satellite images that confirmed what quickly became known as the "ozone hole." Environmentalists, media, and politicians throughout the world demanded action. With NASA largely funding the enterprise and NOAA a leading partner, an interagency, international expedition went to Antarctica. It determined that the likely cause was indeed man-made chemicals rather than some "natural" change. In 1987, the Montreal Protocol was concluded, with NASA and NOAA scientists critical in providing technical support to the diplomats. These macro-events provided the stimuli NASA needed to proclaim publicly it had a "Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE)." By the end of the decade, NASA was ready to turn its plans into a program [10].

Negotiating Essentials

Negotiating Essentials

Always wanted to get a better deal but didn't have the needed negotiation skills? Here are some of the best negotiation theories. The ability to negotiate is a skill which everyone should have. With the ability to negotiate you can take charge of your life, your finances and your destiny. If you feel that others are simply born with the skill to negotiate, you should know that everyone can learn this wonderful skill.

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