Johannesburg Renewal of Commitments

The World Conference on Sustainable Development met in Johannesburg in 2002, with over 20,000 registered participants [13]. The Summit was designed to examine progress in implementing the goals of the Rio conference that had been held ten years earlier. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPOI) is the major result of that conference.

The JPOI fills some gaps in the Agenda 21 and the MDGs and addresses some newly emerging issues, including "to halve the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015; to use and produce chemicals by 2020 in ways that do not lead to significant adverse effects on human health and the environment; to maintain or restore depleted fish stocks to levels that can produce the maximum sustainable yield on an urgent basis and where possible by 2015; and to achieve by 2010 a significant reduction in the current rate of loss of biological diversity" [29].

As a result of the directive for the WCSD to promote partnerships, the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division of Sustainable Development now lists 311 partnerships in its online database, defined as "Voluntary multi-stakeholder initiatives contributing to the implementation of Agenda 21, Rio + 5 and the JPOI" [30]. The Johannesburg Summit has been found by some to fall short of steps necessary to reverse or modify the impacts of economic globalization on the world's people and environment, a shortcoming shared by other intergovernmental political governance structures [31].

Negotiating Essentials

Negotiating Essentials

Always wanted to get a better deal but didn't have the needed negotiation skills? Here are some of the best negotiation theories. The ability to negotiate is a skill which everyone should have. With the ability to negotiate you can take charge of your life, your finances and your destiny. If you feel that others are simply born with the skill to negotiate, you should know that everyone can learn this wonderful skill.

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