How natural disasters caused by climate change affect women

Natural disasters, which will increase in the wake of climate change, affect women and men differently. Women, as main caregivers, are more likely to be indoors particularly in developing countries when a disaster occurs and won't be able to escape. Even if they do survive, women tend to stay within the community longer afterwards to care for their families, thus exposing themselves to deadly diseases. Although not linked to global warming, the grave impact that natural disasters have on women...

Wasting Away

The industrialized world isn't really a waste not, want not culture. It's more Shop till you drop And people do shop, creating huge amounts of waste in the process. Since World War II, household waste from the average U.S. and Canadian home has increased greatly. Over the past 45 years, people in the United States have gone from producing 2.7 pounds (1.2 kg) of waste a day to 4.6 pounds (2.1 kg) a day, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. Key Note Market Assessments (a primary...

NotSoNatural Disasters

Considering the watery consequences of global warming Projecting the un-perfect storm Figuring out effects on forests Feeling the heat waves Getting feedback from Mother Earth ajor natural disasters have always happened. Storms, hurricanes, floods, and droughts are all part of the planet's natural weather and climate system. In the future, however, humanity is going to be facing more and more intense versions of these phenomena and they're going to be anything but natural disasters....

Warming the Worlds Waters Threats to the Underwater World

Water makes up 70 percent of the Earth's surface, making it a very important set of ecosystems, including oceans, seas, wetlands, rivers, streams, and swamps. Climate change will affect all of these ecosystems in the form of increasing water temperatures, rising sea levels, or droughts brought on by rising air temperatures. (Refer to Chapter 7 for more about the natural disasters global warming may cause.) Exactly how these ecosystems will be affected, no one knows. Climate change is...

Changes in the Arctic

Because the polar bear is the first large mammal that's facing extinction from global warming, it's the iconic image for climate change. Scientists estimate that 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears are left in the world. Polar bears feed on seals, which spend a lot of their time on the ice. Less ice coverage means fewer hunting opportunities for polar bears. Their lives are entirely dependent on the sea ice. The melting ice is also bad news for the seals, even if it does reduce their chances of being...

Electrifying vehicles

The electric car runs by using rechargeable batteries, so it doesn't need any fuel on board at all. It was invented in the mid-1800s, and by the beginning of the 1900s, one-third of all cars were electric. However, they rapidly lost popularity after gas-powered cars adopted electric starters (no more hand-cranking) and the motoring public started ranging farther afield to places where you couldn't recharge an electric car. The 1973 Oil Shock renewed interest in the electric car, and so did...

Leading lights

Here are just a few of the stars putting their celebrity to work I George Clooney Twice named the Sexiest Man Alive by People magazine, he just got sexier. He drives the ultra-mini, one-seat-wide Commuter Car Tango, and the Tesla Roadster, a top-of-the-line electric beauty. I Leonardo DiCaprio Climate change is a passion for this actor, who co-wrote and produced an environmental documentary, The 11th Hour. He also created the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation in 1998 to support a variety of...

Using energy efficiently

With the money saved through energy conservation, companies can adopt new, efficient technologies for applications such as electric equipment, heaters, and boiler systems l Systems powered by sustainable energy Industries can use their own biomass waste, such as wood, food, pulp, and paper scraps, as fuel. Some industries can power themselves by using methane from landfills to run boilers. Solar and wind power are other renewable options. (Refer to Chapter 13 for more about sustainable energy.)...

Weve Got the Power International Energy Agency

If you get energized thinking about the possibilities for power that exist beyond fossil fuel, check out the Web site for the International Energy Agency (IEA), www.iea.org. The IEA acts as an energy consultant for its 27 member countries, which include the United States, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom. Originally created during the energy crisis of the mid-1970s to deal with oil supply emergencies, the IEA's focus has changed with the times, and it now deals with all sources of...

Other problems worsened by global warming

The IPCC points out a number of health concerns that civilization already deals with that might worsen because of climate changes and extreme weather events I Allergies If you have allergies to pollen and dust, those allergies could get worse, depending on where you live. If global warming brings you an early spring, that early spring will bring pollen, too extending your allergy season. Countries such as Canada, Finland, and the Netherlands will probably be most affected by the increase in...

Going Vegetarian or Vegan Sort Of

Eating fewer meat products can really help reduce your carbon footprint. Over the course of one year, the impact of going vegetarian is similar to trading in your regular car for a hybrid car. Taking that a step further, going vegan is like trading in your regular car for . . . well, no car at all. You don't need to go full-out vegetarian. Try starting with going one or two days per week without meat. The next best solution is to try to buy locally raised or wild meat, which usually comes from...

Bringing Climate Change to Work

The changes you make at home are important, no question. But most folks spend the majority of their waking hours at work. Your employer's building and transportation fleet (if your company has one) presents two major projects that are just waiting to be tackled. If you nose around, you may find that your colleagues also want to turn your office green. Here are a few suggestions that you can make to your boss, building manager, or other decision-makers at work to get started I Establish an...

Supporting Clean Renewable Energy

You can support the development of clean, renewable energy in a number of ways, depending on where you live. Here are the two most common ways to make a significant impact I Make the energy. You can make energy yourself by using options such as solar energy to produce hot water and generate electricity. Chapter 13 covers other options that you can use to make energy. I Buy the energy. You can purchase energy from a company that uses low-emission energy sources. Green power can be purchased in...

Creating a Green Workplace

Most of the changes that you can make at home you can make at work, too. Your boss or manager may be more receptive than you think to your thoughts about energy-saving changes. Be sure you know your stuff (you're already one step ahead by picking up this book). Explain that taking these kinds of measures can be great for the company's environmental stewardship and can help save money. Here are a few extra ideas that can help reduce the energy impact of your workplace I Go for energy-efficient...

Powerful Changes Renewable Energy

Cutting back on energy consumption in your home is great, but chances are very good that the energy you're still using isn't renewable and is producing greenhouse gases. Although people need to encourage their governments to explore sustainable energy sources (which we discuss in Chapter 13), you don't need to wait to use cleaner power. You can benefit from renewable energy in your home today l Generate the energy yourself. How much generating your own energy costs depends on where you live and...

Green Developments Building or Renovating

Whether you're starting from scratch or renovating, major construction offers you the chance to really make your home energy efficient and carbon friendly. Keep the following elements in mind when working towards a low-energy and climate-friendly home (and check out Green Building & Remodeling For Dummies, by Eric Corey Freed Wiley for a whole book's worth of information on this subject) I Hire an eco-friendly architect. If you're planning to use an architect, look for one who's LEED...

Table of Contents

1 About This Foolish How This Book Is Part I Understanding Global Part II Tracking Down the Part III Examining the Effects of Global Part IV Political Progress Fighting Global Warming Nationally and Part V Solving the Part VI The Part of Icons Used in This Where to Go from Part I Understanding Global Warming 7 Chapter 1 Global Warming Global Warming Heating things up with greenhouse Investigating other causes of global The Roots of Global Fueling global Heating up over Examining the Effects of...

Farming

Farming isn't an obvious culprit when it comes to carbon emissions, but it's a considerable contributor. Humanity's ever-growing food needs and desires have pushed the farming industry to deforest valuable land and use emission-heavy methods of farming. Fortunately, greener options are possible. As we discuss in Chapter 5, farmers are clearing large portions of the Amazon rainforest to make way for more farmland. This deforestation is disastrous for the climate. The most climate-friendly farms...

Whats a fossil fuel company to do

Oil companies face huge opportunities. Consider British Petroleum (BP), which now markets itself as Beyond Petroleum. Responding to climate change, BP has taken social and environmental leadership to minimize its emissions and overall environmental impact. These changes were sparked under the leadership of former Chief Executive Lord John Brown. What was once strictly a petroleum business has morphed into an energy business that raises public awareness about climate change and big technology...

Examining the Different Types of Fossil Fuels

Coal, oil, and natural gas are all fossil fuels, but they're not all the same. They differ in how they're used, how much they're used, the greenhouse gases that they release when they're burned, and even where they come from. When land plants, such as trees, decomposed hundreds of millions of years ago, they pressed together into a solid form known as coal. Plants and animals in the oceans decomposed in a similar way sinking to the bottom of the ocean, getting buried under sediments, forming...

Living in the Dark Ages of Fossil Fuels

Investigating where our energy comes from Recognizing the differences between coal, oil, and natural gas Connecting the dots between population growth, economic expansion, and climate change MMjherever you live, however you heat your home, and however you get around, you probably meet most of your energy needs by burning fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Burning these fossil fuels releases large amounts of greenhouse gases (we talk about those gases in Chapter 2). In fact, just...