Media constructions of global warming

This section combines analysis of the nature of media coverage of global warming in a number of states that have been prominent in the international climate change debate, with comment upon its repercussions for climate politics. The constructions described feature the most frequently repeated media accounts of the issue, and are not intended to insinuate that there are not a plethora of different meanings that can be gleaned from the coverage described. Contestation is a central part of...

Conclusion

This book has suggested a number of ways in which non-state actors are important to explanations of the international community's response to the threat of global climate change. The empirical story sketched above only provides a snapshot of the current landscape of NGO activity in global climate politics, and future changes will need to be continually documented. This is especially important in an area of politics so subject to flux and conflict as global warming power relations will transform...

From transnationalism to IPE

It is becoming increasingly clear that the world of environmental politics is not insulated from the influences and constraints associated with global economic change that affect other areas of policy. Therefore, a transnationalist framework for comprehending networks of NGO influence would also benefit from insights from international political economy (IPE). An IPE perspective would allow us to look at the economic ties and interdependencies that underpin transnational policy alliances....

The NGO project and international relations

In many ways, the approach adopted in this book is grounded in the transnationalist project of the 1970s, launched by writers such as Keohane and Nye (1977) and Nye and Keohane (1972), further developed by Willetts (1982) and showing signs of a relaunch in the late 1990s amid discussion about the need to 'bring transnational relations back in' (Risse-Kappen 1995). Much of the importance of the initial work on transnationalism was lost by writers who, when turning their attention to...

The unpolitics of climate change

In many ways, it can be argued that corporate lobbying results not only in an identifiable policy change that bears the hallmark of that lobbying, but also in the absence of policy action on an issue. Policy analysts have referred to this process as non-decision-making (Bachrach and Baratz 1970 7).64 The term refers to the exclusion of particular issues from the policy agenda, and in this case would apply to policies that governments are unable to consider because of the negative impact they...

The importance of the media in shaping public opinion

The ways in which the public comprehend and negotiate the complexities that characterise the global warming issue, depend in important ways upon the interpretation and simplification of the issue by the media, given that much of what is understood about environmental issues is gleaned from their articulation in the mass media (Anderson 1991 Bell 1994 Brambleand Porter 1992 Underdal 1989). Understanding how the public perceives the problem of global warming, and hence the sorts of expectation...

Global warming and environmental pressure groups

The issue of global climate change presents environmental NGOs with a particularly difficult set of obstacles and challenges. Besides the very many scientific uncertainties associated with global warming, which make it harder to develop a consensus on appropriate policy action Skolnikoff 1990 , there are also the economic costs that are perceived to be involved, and the scale of economic restructuring in terms of energy production and consumption that may be implied by efforts to reduce...

Observable and direct influence

To assess the nature and extent of the influence of the fossil fuel lobbies over the emerging regime to confront climate change, and to draw out conclusions about stages in the regime's history when influence has been heightened or reduced, a three-stage breakdown of the regime process will be employed, consistent with other chapters in the book agenda-setting, negotiation-bargaining and implementation. 16 Patrick Balling has received over 200,000 from coal and oil interests for his climate...