Industrial Production

• Innovative companies are revolutionizing production processes. Chemical giant DuPont, which is committed to sharp reductions of greenhouse gas emissions, cut emissions 72 percent below 1991 levels by 2007 and saved $3 billion in the process.

• EcoCover Limited of New Zealand has used biomimicry principles to develop a biodegradable mulch mat made from "upcycled" shredded waste paper bound with fish paste. The product, a substitute for black plastic sheeting, reduces the need for chemical garden care, conserves water, improves soil, and diverts fish waste and waste paper from landfills.

• Researchers at Sandia Laboratories have mimicked the internal processes of abalones to develop mineral/polymer-layered structures that are optically clear but almost unbreakable.

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