Suggestions for further reading

Kareiva, P., Watts, S., McDonald, R., and Boucher, T. (2007). Domesticated nature: shaping landscapes and ecosystems for human welfare. Science., 316, 1866-1869.

The likelihood that we will permanently alter the world's ecosystems for our own benefit is explored in this paper. Myers, N. and Knoll, A.H. (2001). The biotic crisis and the future of evolution. Proc.

Nail. Acad. Sci. (USA), 98, 5389-5392. Discomfiting predictions about the course of future evolution can be found in this paper. Palumbi, S.R. (2001). Humans as the world's greatest evolutionary force. Science,

293, 1786-1790. The influence of humans on the evolution of other organisms is examined.

Unfortunately, none of these authors deals with the consequences of changes in evolutionary pressures on our own species. References

Agrawal, A., Eastman, Q.M., and Schatz, D.G. (1998). Implications of transposition mediated by V(D) J-recombination proteins RAG1 and RAG2 for origins of antigen-specific immunity. Nature, 394, 744-751.

Alroy, J., Marshall, C.R., Bambach, R.K., Bezusko, K., Foote, M., Fursich, F.T., Hansen, T.A., Holland, S.M., Ivany, L.C., Jablonski, D., Jacobs, D.K., Jones, D.C., Kosnik, M.A., Lidgard, S., Low, S., Miller, A.I., Novack-Gottshall, P.M., Olszewski, T.D., Patzkowsky, M.E., Raup, D M., Roy, K., Sepkoski, J.J., Jr, Ommers, M.G., Wagner, P.J., and Webber, A. (2001). Effects of sampling standardization on estimates of Phanerozoic marine diversification. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 98, 6261-6266.

Arensburg, B., Tillier, A.M., Vandermeersch, B., Duday, H., Schepartz, L.A., and Rak, Y. (1989). A Middle Paleolithic hyoid bone. Nature, 338, 758-760.

Barnosky, A.D., Bell, C.J., Emslie, S.D., Goodwin, H.T., Mead, J.I., Repenning, C.A., Scott, E., and Shabel, A.B. (2004). Exceptional record of mid-Pleistocene vertebrates helps differentiate climatic from anthropogenic ecosystem perturbations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 101, 9297-9302.

Beaulieu, J.-P., Bennett, D.P., Fouque, P., Williams, A., Dominik, M., j0rgensen, U.G., Kubas, D., Cassan, A., Coutures, C., Greenhill, J., Hill, K., Menzies, J., Sackett, P.D., Albrow, M., Brillant, S., Caldwell, J.A.R., Calitz, J.J., Cook, K.H., Corrales, E., Desort, M., Dieters, S., Dominis, D., Donatowicz, J., Hoffman, M., Kane, S., Marquette, J.-B., Martin, R., Meintjes, P., Pollard, K., Sahu, K., Vinter, C, Wambsganss, J., Woller, K., Home, K., Steele, I., Bramich,

D.M., Burgdorf, M., Snodgrass, C., Bode, M., Udalski, A., Szymaski, M.K., Kubiak, M., Wickowski, T., Pietrzyski, G., Soszyski, I., Szewczyk, O., Wyrzykowski, L, Paczyski, B., Abe, F., Bond, I.A., Britton, T.R., Gilmore, A.C., Hearnshaw, J.B., Itow, Y., Kamiya, K., Kilmartin, P.M., Korpela, A.V., Masuda, K., Matsubara, Y., Motomura, M., Muraki, Y., Nakamura, S., Okada, C., Ohnishi, K., Rattenbury, N.J., Sako, T., Sato, S., Sasaki, M., Sekiguchi, T., Sullivan, D.J., Tristram, P.J., Yock, P.C.M., and Yoshioka, T. (2006). Discovery of a cool planet of 5.5 Earth masses through gravitational microlensing. Nature, 439, 437.

Beerling, D.J., Lomax, B.H., Royer, D.L, Upchurch, G.R., Jr, and Kump, L R. (2002). An atmospheric pCC>2 reconstruction across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary from leaf megafossils. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 99, 7836-7840. Benton, M.J., and Twitchett, R.J. (2003) How to kill (almost) all life: the end-Permian extinction event, Trends Ecol. Evol. 18, 358-365. Berglund, J. (1986). The decline of the Norse settlements in Greenland. Arc. Anthropol., 23, 109-136.

Brown, P., Sutikna, T., Morwood, M.J., Soejono, R.P., Jatmiko, Saptomo, E.W., and Due, R.A. (2004). A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia. Nature, 431, 1055-1061.

Clark, A.G., Glanowski, S., Nielsen, R., Thomas, P.D., Kejariwal, A., Todd, M.A., Tanenbaum, D.M., Civello, D., Lu, F., Murphy, B., Ferriera, S., Wang, G., Zheng, X., White, T.J., Sninsky, J.J., Adams, M.D., and Cargill, M. (2003). Inferring nonneutral evolution from human-chimp-mouse orthologous gene trios. Science, 302, 1960-1963.

Chimpanzee Sequencing and Analysis Consortium, T.C.S. (2005). Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome. Nature, 437, 69-87.

Cook, L.M., Soltis, P.M., Bransfeld, S.J., and Soltis, D.E. (1998). Multiple independent formations of Tragopogon tetraploids (Asteraceae): evidence from RAPD markers. Mol. Ecol, 7, 1293-1302.

Culotta, E. and Pennisi, E. (2005). Evolution in action. Science, 310, 1878-1879. Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene (New York, NY: Oxford University Press). Dennell, R. and Roebroeks, W. (2005). An Asian perspective on early human dispersal from Africa. Nature, 438, 1099-1104. Devlin, B., Daniels, M., and Roeder, K. (1997). The heritability of IQ. Nature, 388,

468-471. Diamond, Jared (2005). Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.


New York.

Enard, W., Khaitovich, P., Klose, J., Zollner, S., Heissig, F., Giavalisco, P., Nieselt-Struwe, K., Muchmore, E., Varki, A., Ravid, R., Doxiadis, G.M., Bontrop, R.E., and Paabo, S. (2002). Intra- and interspecific variation in primate gene expression patterns. Science, 296, 340343.

Evans, P.D., Gilbert, S.L, Mekel-Bobrov, N., Vallender, E.J., Anderson, J.R., Vaez-Azizi, L.M., Tishkoff, S.A., Hudson, R.R., and Lahn, B T. (2005). Microcephalin, a gene regulating brain size, continues to evolve adaptively in humans. Science, 309, 1717-1720.

Flynn, J.J., Parrish, J.M., Rakotosamimanana, B., Simpson, W.F., Whatley, R.L., and Wyss, A.R. (1999). A Triassic fauna from Madagascar, including early dinosaurs. Science, 286, 763-765. Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice (New York: Basic Books). Garrigan, D. and Hedrick, P.W. (2003). Perspective: detecting adaptive molecular polymorphism: lessons from the MHC. Evolution, 57, 1707-1722. Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional Intelligence (New York: Bantam Books). Hawks, J., Wang, E.T., Cochran, G.M., Harpending, H.C. and Moyzis, R.K. (2007) Recent acceleration of human adaptive evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US), 104, 20753-20758.

Hu, Y., Meng, J., Wang, Y., and Li, C (2005). Large Mesozoic mammals fed on young dinosaurs. Nature, 433, 149-152.

Ji, Q., Luo, Z.-X., Yuan, C.-X., andTabrum, A.R. (2006). A swimming mammaliaform from the middle Jurassic and ecomorphological diversification of early mammals. Science, 311, 1123-1127.

Jones, J.S. (1991). Is evolution over? If we can be sure about anything, it's that humanity won't become superhuman. New York Times, p. E17.

Kasting, J.F. (2001). Peter Ward and Donald Brownlee's 'Rare Earth'. Persp. Biol.


Kirk, K.M., Blomberg, S.P., Duffy, D.L., Heath, A.C., Owens, I.P.F., and Martin, N.G. (2001). Natural selection and quantitative genetics of life-history traits in Western women: a twin study. Evolution, 55, 423-435.

Lamason, R.L., Mohideen, M.-A.P.K., Mest, J.R., Wong, A.C., Norton, H.L., Aros, MC., Jurynec, M.J., Mao, X., Humphreville, V.R., Humbert, J.E., Sinha, S., Moore, J.L., Jagadeeswaran, P., Zhao, W., Ning, G., Makalowska, I., McKeigue, P.M., O'Donnell, D., Kittles, R., Parra, J., Mangini, N.J., Grunwald, D.J., Shriver, M.D., Canfield, V.A., and Cheng, K.C. (2005). SLC24A5, a putative cation exchanger, affects pigmentation in zebrafish and humans. Science, 310,1782-1786.

McBrearty, S. and Jablonski, N.G. (2005). First fossil chimpanzee. Nature, 437,


Mekel-Bobrov, N., Posthuma, D., Gilbert, S.L., Lind, P., Gosso, M.F., Luciano, M., Harris, S.E., Bates, T.C., Polderman, T.J.C., Whalley, L.J., Fox, H., Starr, J.M., Evans, P.D., Montgomery, G.W., Fernandes, C, Heutink, P., Martin, N.G., Boomsma, D.I., Deary, I.J., Wright, M.J., de Geus, E.J.C. and Lahn, B.T. (2007) The ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM and Microcephalin is not explained by increased intelligence. Human Molecular Genetics 16, 600608.

Mekel-Bobrov, N., Gilbert, S.L., Evans, P.D., Vallender, E.J., Anderson, J.R., Hudson, R.R., Tishkoff, S.A., and Lahn, B.T. (2005). Ongoing adaptive evolution of ASPM, a brain size determinant in Homo sapiens. Science, 309, 1720-1722. Muller, H.J. (1950). Our load of mutations. Am.]. Human Genet, 2,111-176. Patterson, N., Richter, D.J., Gnerre, S., Lander, E.S., and Reich, D. (2006). Genetic evidence for complex speciation of humans and chimpanzees. Nature, 441, 1103-1108.

Silver, L. (1998). Remaking Eden (New York: Harper).

Singh-Manoux, A., Marmot, M.G., and Adler, N.E. (2005). Does subjective social status predict health and change in health status better than objective status? Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 855-861.

Sokolowski, M.B., Pereira, H.S., and Hughes, K. (1997). Evolution of foraging behavior in Drosophila by density-dependent selection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 94,

7373-7377. Spira, A. and Multigner, L. (1998). Environmental factors and male infertility. Human

Surovell, T., Waguespack, N., and Brantingham, P.J. (2005). Global archaeological evidence for proboscidean overkill. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (USA), 102, 6231-6236.

Tagliatela, J.P., Savage-Rumbaugh, S., and Baker, L.A. (2003). Vocal production by a language-competent Panpaniscus. Int. J. Primatol., 24,1-17.

Ward, P. and Brownlee, D. (2000). Rare Earth: Why Complex Life Is Uncommon in the Universe (New York: Copernicus Books).

White, T.D., Suwa, G., and Asfaw, B. (1994). Australopithecus ramidus, a new species of early hominid from Aramis, Ethiopia. Nature, 371, 306-312. Williams, R.S. and Ferrigno, J. (1999). Estimated present-day area and volume of glaciers and maximum sea level rise potential, pp. 1-10. Satellite Image Atlas of

Glaciers of the World. Washington DC: US Geological Survey. Wills, C. (1993). The Runaway Brain: The Evolution of Human Uniqueness (New York:

Basic Books). Wills, C. (1998). Children of Prometheus: The Accelerating Pace of Human Evolution

(Reading, MA: Perseus Books [formerly Addison-Wesley]). Wills, C, Harms, K.E., Condit, R., King, D., Thompson, J., He, F., Muller-Landau,

H.C., Ashton, P., Losos, E., Comita, L, Hubbell, S., LaFrankie, J., Bunyavejchewin, S., Dattaraja, H.S., Davies, S., Esufali, S., Foster, R., Gunatilleke, N.. Gunatilleke, S., Hall, P., Itoh, A., John, R., Kiratiprayoon, S., de Lao, S.L., Massa, M., Nath, C, Noor, M.N.S., Kassim, A.R., Sukumar, R., Suresh, H.S., Sun, I.-F., Tan, S., Yamakura, T., and Zimmerman,}. (2006). Nonrandom processes maintain diversity in tropical forests. Science, 311, 527-531. Zhang, H.-X. and Blumwald, E. (2001). Transgenic salt-tolerant tomato plants accumulate salt in foliage but not in fruit. Nat. Biotechnol., 19, 765-768. Zink, R.M. and Slowinski, J.B. (1995). Evidence from molecular systematics for decreased avian diversification in the Pleistocene epoch. Proc. Natl.Acad. Sci. (USA), 92, 5832-5835.

Continue reading here: Introduction

Was this article helpful?

0 0