Build your analytical skills using actual data from real scientific sources.
Chapter
1 Make and Use Graphs: How can graphs help interpret data? 18
4 Make and Use a Table: What information should you include in a mineral identification chart? 94
7 Interpret the Data: How can you determine a soil's texture? 182
8 Interpret the Data: How much radioactivity is in ice cores? 208
13 Interpret the Table: How can you calculate a heat wave? 364
14 Interpret the Data: What is the temperature in Phoenix, Arizona? 377
15 Graph Data: When does the tide come in? 423
18 Interpret the Graph: How do zones of volcanism relate to lava production? 501
Chapter
19 Interpret the Data: How can you find an earthquake's epicenter? 543
20 Make and Use a Graph: Can you get a rebound? 565
23 Interpret the Table: Can you find the time? 652
24 Interpret Graphs: What is the rate of deforestation in the Amazon? 688
25 Make and Use Graphs: What proportion of energy resource types are used to heat homes? 722
26 Interpret the Data: Are you breathing cleaner air? 746
29 Interpret Data: Can you identify elements in a star? 835
PROBLEM-SOLVING LAIS Use math~based skil1 activities that often require data
\ interpretation and graphing.
2 Calculate Gradients: How can you analyze changes in elevation? 37
3 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How do compounds form? 70
5 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How do you estimate mineral composition? 122
6 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: Which metamorphic minerals will form? 148
9 Interpret the Graph: How do sediments move in a stream? 227
10 Make a Topographic Profile: How does water level vary in an artesian well? 264
11 Interpret the Graph: How do you calculate relative humidity? 294
12 Interpret a Scientific Illustration: How do you analyze a weather map? 330
16 Interpret Graphs: How do surface elevations compare? 449
17 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How does plate motion change along a transform boundary? 484
21 Interpret the Diagram: How do you interpret the relative ages of rock layers? 599
22 Calculate Profits: How do you calculate mining profits? 630
27 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How can you predict how a solar eclipse will look to an observer at various positions? 782
28 Apply Kepler's Third Law: How well do the orbits of the planets conform to Kepler's third law? 807
30 Make and Use Graphs: How was the Hubble
Constant derived? 874
Data Analysis Labs and Problem-Solving Labs xiii
Practice scientific methods and hone your lab skills with these quick activities.
Practice scientific methods and hone your lab skills with these quick activities.
Chapter 1
Determine the Relationship Between Variables: How do the rates of heat absorption and release vary between soil and water? 12
Locate Places on Earth: How can you locate specific places on Earth with latitude and longitude? 32
Identify Elements: What elements are in your classroom? 62
Recognize Cleavage and Fracture: How is cleavage used? 92
Compare Igneous Rocks: How do igneous rocks differ? 115
Model Sediment Layering: How do layers form in sedimentary rocks? 136
Model Erosion: How do rocks erode? 172
Model Glacial Deposition: How do glaciers deposit different types of rocks and sediments? 210
Model Lake Formation: How do surface materials determine where lakes form? 240
Model an Artesian Well: How does an artesian well form? 265
Investigate Dew Formation: How does dew form? 295
Compare the Angles of Sunlight to Earth: What is the relationship between the angle of sunlight and amount of heating? 315
Model Flood Conditions: How can mild rains cause floods? 362
Model the Greenhouse Effect: How does the atmosphere trap radiation? 394
Model Seawater: What is the chemical composition of seawater? 416
Chapter
16 Measure Sediment Settling Rates: How fast do sediment grains sink? 453
17 Model Ocean-Basin Formation: How did a divergent boundary form the South Atlantic Ocean? 481
18 Model a Caldera: How do calderas form? 505
19 Make a Map: How is a seismic-intensity map made? 541
20 Model Isostatic Rebound: How can isostatic rebound be measured? 564
21 Determine Relative Age: How is relative age determined? 597
22 Model Red Bed Formation: Why are red beds red? 631
23 Model Continental Shelf Area: How does shelf area change when continents collide? 653
24 Determine the Hardness of Water:
How easily are soap suds produced? 695
25 Model Oil Migration: How does oil move through layers of porous rocks? 712
26 Model Nutrient Loss: How does soil lose nutrients when subjected to farming, strip-mining, or development? 740
27 Predict the Sun's Summer Solstice Position: How can the Sun's position during the summer solstice be determined at specific latitudes? 776
28 Explore Eccentricity: How is eccentricity of an ellipse calculated? 801
29 Model Parallax: How does parallax angle change with distance? 843
30 Model Expansion: What does uniform expansion look like? 873
Labs
GEOLAB
Apply the skills you developed in Launch Labs, Data Analysis Labs, ProblemSolving Labs, and MiniLabs in these chapter-ending, real-world labs.
Chapter
1 Measurement and SI Units 21
2 Mapping: Use a Topographic Map 48
3 Precipitate Salts 77
4 Design Your Own: Make a Field Guide
For Minerals 103
5 Design Your Own: Model Crystal Formation 125
6 Interpret Changes in Rocks 153
7 Model Mineral Weathering 185
8 Mapping: Map a Landslide 214
9 Predict the Velocity of a Stream 243
10 Mapping: Track Groundwater
Pollution 270
11 Interpret Pressure-Temperature Relationships 305
12 Mapping: Interpret a Weather Map 334
13 Internet: Track a Tropical Cyclone 367
14 Design Your Own:
Identify a Microclimate 397
15 Model Water Masses 429
16 Mapping: Identify Coastal Landforms 456
Chapter
20 21
Model Plate Boundaries and Isochrons 490
Internet: Predict the Safety of a Volcano 519
Relate Epicenters and Plate Tectonics 553
Mapping: Make a Map Profile 578
Design Your Own: Interpret History-Shaping Events 611
Mapping: Map Continental Growth 639
Solving Dinosaur Fossil Puzzles 667
Design Your Own: Monitor Daily
Water Usage 699
Design Your Own: Design an Energy-Efficient Building 725
Mapping: Pinpoint a Source
Of Pollution 752
Mapping: Determine Relative Ages of Lunar Features 786
Design Your Own: Model the
Solar System 821
Identify Stellar Spectral Lines 853
Internet: Classify Galaxies 883
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