Geolab Design Your Own Monitor Daily Water Usage

Build your analytical skills using actual data from real scientific sources.


1 Make and Use Graphs: How can graphs help interpret data? 18

4 Make and Use a Table: What information should you include in a mineral identification chart? 94

7 Interpret the Data: How can you determine a soil's texture? 182

8 Interpret the Data: How much radioactivity is in ice cores? 208

13 Interpret the Table: How can you calculate a heat wave? 364

14 Interpret the Data: What is the temperature in Phoenix, Arizona? 377

15 Graph Data: When does the tide come in? 423

18 Interpret the Graph: How do zones of volcanism relate to lava production? 501


19 Interpret the Data: How can you find an earthquake's epicenter? 543

20 Make and Use a Graph: Can you get a rebound? 565

23 Interpret the Table: Can you find the time? 652

24 Interpret Graphs: What is the rate of deforestation in the Amazon? 688

25 Make and Use Graphs: What proportion of energy resource types are used to heat homes? 722

26 Interpret the Data: Are you breathing cleaner air? 746

29 Interpret Data: Can you identify elements in a star? 835

PROBLEM-SOLVING LAIS Use math~based skil1 activities that often require data

\ interpretation and graphing.

2 Calculate Gradients: How can you analyze changes in elevation? 37

3 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How do compounds form? 70

5 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How do you estimate mineral composition? 122

6 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: Which metamorphic minerals will form? 148

9 Interpret the Graph: How do sediments move in a stream? 227

10 Make a Topographic Profile: How does water level vary in an artesian well? 264

11 Interpret the Graph: How do you calculate relative humidity? 294

12 Interpret a Scientific Illustration: How do you analyze a weather map? 330

16 Interpret Graphs: How do surface elevations compare? 449

17 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How does plate motion change along a transform boundary? 484

21 Interpret the Diagram: How do you interpret the relative ages of rock layers? 599

22 Calculate Profits: How do you calculate mining profits? 630

27 Interpret Scientific Illustrations: How can you predict how a solar eclipse will look to an observer at various positions? 782

28 Apply Kepler's Third Law: How well do the orbits of the planets conform to Kepler's third law? 807

30 Make and Use Graphs: How was the Hubble

Constant derived? 874

Data Analysis Labs and Problem-Solving Labs xiii

Practice scientific methods and hone your lab skills with these quick activities.

Practice scientific methods and hone your lab skills with these quick activities.

Chapter 1

Determine the Relationship Between Variables: How do the rates of heat absorption and release vary between soil and water? 12

Locate Places on Earth: How can you locate specific places on Earth with latitude and longitude? 32

Identify Elements: What elements are in your classroom? 62

Recognize Cleavage and Fracture: How is cleavage used? 92

Compare Igneous Rocks: How do igneous rocks differ? 115

Model Sediment Layering: How do layers form in sedimentary rocks? 136

Model Erosion: How do rocks erode? 172

Model Glacial Deposition: How do glaciers deposit different types of rocks and sediments? 210

Model Lake Formation: How do surface materials determine where lakes form? 240

Model an Artesian Well: How does an artesian well form? 265

Investigate Dew Formation: How does dew form? 295

Compare the Angles of Sunlight to Earth: What is the relationship between the angle of sunlight and amount of heating? 315

Model Flood Conditions: How can mild rains cause floods? 362

Model the Greenhouse Effect: How does the atmosphere trap radiation? 394

Model Seawater: What is the chemical composition of seawater? 416


16 Measure Sediment Settling Rates: How fast do sediment grains sink? 453

17 Model Ocean-Basin Formation: How did a divergent boundary form the South Atlantic Ocean? 481

18 Model a Caldera: How do calderas form? 505

19 Make a Map: How is a seismic-intensity map made? 541

20 Model Isostatic Rebound: How can isostatic rebound be measured? 564

21 Determine Relative Age: How is relative age determined? 597

22 Model Red Bed Formation: Why are red beds red? 631

23 Model Continental Shelf Area: How does shelf area change when continents collide? 653

24 Determine the Hardness of Water:

How easily are soap suds produced? 695

25 Model Oil Migration: How does oil move through layers of porous rocks? 712

26 Model Nutrient Loss: How does soil lose nutrients when subjected to farming, strip-mining, or development? 740

27 Predict the Sun's Summer Solstice Position: How can the Sun's position during the summer solstice be determined at specific latitudes? 776

28 Explore Eccentricity: How is eccentricity of an ellipse calculated? 801

29 Model Parallax: How does parallax angle change with distance? 843

30 Model Expansion: What does uniform expansion look like? 873



Apply the skills you developed in Launch Labs, Data Analysis Labs, ProblemSolving Labs, and MiniLabs in these chapter-ending, real-world labs.


1 Measurement and SI Units 21

2 Mapping: Use a Topographic Map 48

3 Precipitate Salts 77

4 Design Your Own: Make a Field Guide

For Minerals 103

5 Design Your Own: Model Crystal Formation 125

6 Interpret Changes in Rocks 153

7 Model Mineral Weathering 185

8 Mapping: Map a Landslide 214

9 Predict the Velocity of a Stream 243

10 Mapping: Track Groundwater

Pollution 270

11 Interpret Pressure-Temperature Relationships 305

12 Mapping: Interpret a Weather Map 334

13 Internet: Track a Tropical Cyclone 367

14 Design Your Own:

Identify a Microclimate 397

15 Model Water Masses 429

16 Mapping: Identify Coastal Landforms 456


20 21

Model Plate Boundaries and Isochrons 490

Internet: Predict the Safety of a Volcano 519

Relate Epicenters and Plate Tectonics 553

Mapping: Make a Map Profile 578

Design Your Own: Interpret History-Shaping Events 611

Mapping: Map Continental Growth 639

Solving Dinosaur Fossil Puzzles 667

Design Your Own: Monitor Daily

Water Usage 699

Design Your Own: Design an Energy-Efficient Building 725

Mapping: Pinpoint a Source

Of Pollution 752

Mapping: Determine Relative Ages of Lunar Features 786

Design Your Own: Model the

Solar System 821

Identify Stellar Spectral Lines 853

Internet: Classify Galaxies 883

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  • karin kuhn
    How does mathematics affect geology?
    8 years ago

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