Getting Results

13. The Sound of Birds Not Singing... 185

William Chaloupka

14. Policy Pathways... 199

Christopher McGrory Klyza and David J. Sousa

15. Climate Change and the Business Challenge... 213

Eileen Claussen

16. Taking it to the States... 223

Barry Rabe

17. Let's Cause Trouble, Good Trouble, Necessary Trouble... 239

John Passacantando

Jared Duval and Nathan Wyeth



WHILE IN GRADUATE SCHOOL, we both studied the process of social change under the guidance of several remarkable mentors. With Grace Goodell at Johns Hopkins University, Jon learned the value of thinking critically about social change and the institutional determinants of well-being. With Louise Fortmann, Nancy Peluso, and Jeff Romm at the University of California, Berkeley, Sissel studied the challenges of effecting change within complex social, economic, and ecological systems.

In many ways, this book began with Hilary Bradbury at Case Western Reserve University. We are thankful she asked Sissel in 2003 to collaborate on a dialogue focused on social and organizational principles related to sustainability-oriented transformation. This book is truly an unexpected ripple from that original stone thrown into the pond. Sissel also owes a debt of personal gratitude to Catherine Gray, George Basile, Eric Olson, and Ruth Rominger at the Natural Step for supporting that initial work. A special thanks goes also to Bryant Rice, a consultant to the Natural Step, who actually suggested the title Ignition for another book!

Beginning in 2004, we codirected a collaborative research project to help concerned citizens share, critique, and build strategies for the new climate movement. At a meeting over coffee at Middlebury College in the spring of 2004, Nan Jenks-Jay and Bill McKibben not only offered their critical support for this risky project; Bill also succinctly christened it "What Works."

The first outcomes of the What Works project were two coordinated events that took place in January 2005: a Middlebury College winter-term course called Building the New Climate Movement and a three-day workshop called What Works? New Strategies for a Melting Planet that took place at Middlebury as the class ended. During the course, we were fortunate to work with six wonderful service-learning partners: Ben and Jerry's, Clean Air-Cool Planet, Energy Action, Environmental Defense, the Green House Network, and the Middlebury Area Global Warming Action Coalition. We could not have presented this workshop without generous funding from many sources, including the BPB Foundation, Christian A. Johnson Foundation, Mellon Foundation, Schumann Foundation, Seventh Generation, Vermont Campus Compact, and the following contributors from Middlebury College: Ada Howe Kent Fund, Alliance for Civic Engagement, Charles P. Scott Spiritual and Religious Life Center, Office of Environmental Affairs, Program in Environmental Studies, Pooled Enrichment Fund, and Rohatyn Center for International Affairs.

The workshop itself proved to be inspiring in large part thanks to the leadership of the twenty Middlebury College students in the winter-term class who helped pull it together and set the tone. Diane Munroe, Jon's Middlebury colleague, was equally instrumental to the workshop's success. Rob Hartz and Joni Parker-Roach did a masterful job of coordinating and documenting the workshop. The inclusion of filmmakers Judith Helfand and Daniel Gold, taking footage for their documentary Everything's Cool, added a feeling that history was turning right before us, as did the enjoyable breakfast that featured a conversation among Bill McKibben, John Passacantando, Ted Nordhaus, Michael Shellen-berger, and Peter Senge, another trusted ally in our work. We were also immensely fortunate that Mary Lou Finley and Bill Chaloupka, who had participated in the social change dialogue at Case Western in December 2003, helped lead the workshop. Two Middlebury faculty members who attended the workshop, Christopher McGrory Klyza and Rebecca Kneale Gould, later became chapter authors for this book. During the event, Gary Braasch's photos enabled us to see climate change—literally—through the melting, eroding, and (in some parts) collapsing world in which we now live. In addition, the roster of other participants who so memorably shaped this workshop reads like a climate movement allstar team: Will Bates, May Boeve, Meg Boyle, Gary Cook, Liz Cunningham, Peyton Fleming, Jihan Gearon, Eban Goodstein, Anne Hambleton, Jamie Henn, Rev. Paul Mayer, David Merrill, Susanne Moser, Jeremy Osborn, Billy Parish, Bill Shutkin, Michael Silberman, Tom Stokes, Mike Tidwell, and Jon Warnow, just to name a few.

Following this workshop, the third outcome of the What Works project is this book, Ignition. As our work on this volume began in earnest, we were incredibly fortunate to be supported by Brendan Bechtel, who helped us secure a grant from the S. D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation. The foundation's generosity was a much needed and important sign that this project was worth undertaking. We also received invaluable advice from our colleague Jean Black about how to shape and market the book. Adam Markham and Roger Stephenson at Clean Air-Cool Planet were also immensely helpful as the book began to take shape. During the summer of 2005, Thomas Hand and Julia West provided invaluable research assistance, thanks to the financial support of the Middlebury College Office of Environmental Affairs. During the Fall of 2006, Jon received generous support from the Mellon Foundation.

We are honored to have collaborated with our chapter authors, who will surely continue to inspire us with their amazing work in the halls of academia, in the corridors of the U.S. Capitol, and in the diverse places around the United States and the globe where this movement is being strengthened. They were remarkably understanding and patient with us.

Todd Baldwin, our editor at Island Press, has left us speechless with his ability to provide diamond-sharp comments. His work immensely improved the manuscript, and we are fortunate to have worked with him as well as his colleagues at Island Press. Sincere thanks also go to Joe Spieler for helping us get over the finish line.

It has been a pleasure to collaborate with each other. Since meeting at the Case Western workshop in December 2003, we have been able to shape a common vision about contributing to the nascent climate movement. At various times, we have leaned on each other for ideas, energy, and counsel.

Finally, we are mostly indebted to our families, whom we are honored to personally praise here.

I thank my husband, Steven, for being unflaggingly supportive, kind, and generous. I cannot imagine a more fun fellow traveler through life. Ultimately, though, this book is for Leif, as he literally came into being along with it. I was newly pregnant at the What Works conference, and he has grown as the manuscript emerged. I hope that our small efforts here will contribute to a sound future for you, Leif, and all children everywhere.

—Sissel Waage

I thank my wife, Tracy, for being the best possible friend, spouse, and parent I could imagine. I am constantly in awe of her abilities to manage the demands of work, family, and household. I am particularly thankful that she was willing to forgo a job she loved in Washington, D.C., so that we could take our lives in a new direction in central Vermont. Our girls, Faith, Katie, and Lily, are thriving here, in large part thanks to Tracy. I owe her, big time.

—Jonathan Isham Jr.

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