Incubation period days

Period of communicability Fungal material can persist on articles, such as towels and clothing, for considerable periods of time.

Occurrence and distribution Superficial fungal infections are widely distributed throughout the world, being found in developed as well as developing countries. Children are most commonly affected.

Control and prevention Prevention is by washing the body with soap and water, and not sharing clothes, towels, combs, etc. Towels should be boiled.

Treatment Local applications, such as tolnaftate, miconazole, ketoconazole, clotrimazole, econazole, naftifine, terbinafine or ciclopirox, can be used. Acetylsalicylic acid ointment or benzoic acid compound (Whit-fields's ointment) are effective if applied regularly for nearly 3 weeks. In resistant cases, griseofulvin, itraconazole or oral ter-binafine can be given by mouth for a sufficiently long period to clear all the fungal residue.

Surveillance School children should be examined regularly, especially the head, feet and groins.

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