Figures and tables

Greenpeace and Shell activity around the Brent Spar Lads limp off as girls swoon for sexy Swampy Genetic engineering no patents on life Student responses to 'Global Warming is ' Student responses to 'The Greenhouse Effect is a scientific Student responses to 'Whom do you think is most responsible for public confusion about global warming ' Reporter responses to 'Whom do you think is most responsible for public confusion about global warming ' Student attitudes about global warming Environmental...

Journalistic hazards

Climate change is a difficult story to recreate for a daily news budget, while a short-term drought episode (or any other weather event) is much easier to visualise and portray. The global warming story is one of the most complicated stories of our time. It involves abstract and probabilistic science, labyrinthine laws, grandstanding politicians, speculative economics, and the complex interplay of individuals and societies (Stocking and Leonard 1990). The global warming story is also affected...

Globalising environments at risk

Shifting from the local to the global, the final part of the book begins with Kris M.Wilson's 'Communicating climate change through the media predictions, politics and perceptions of risk' (Chapter 13). Global climate change is a complex environmental topic, one with the potential most would agree to affect all life on Earth. It follows, then, that it is the media's responsibility to inform the public about scientific discoveries related to potential climate change. A consistent feature of the...

Youthfulness and health

In addition to imagery centring on portrayals of youthful female bodies, the ads frequently refer, explicitly or implicitly, to the risk of 'premature ageing'. In this context, youth and health are deemed equivalent. The word 'damage' could in principle refer to either health risk (melanoma) or spoilt appearance and ageing effects. But wrinkles and ageing are referred to explicitly in these texts, while cancer melanoma never is. 'Damage' in its aesthetic self-presentational aspect is therefore...

NSMs and sociocultural change

A number of different explanations have been offered to account for the rise of the mass environmental movement in western society. Perhaps one of the most widely known is provided by Beck (1992a). He views social movements as representing the emergence of a new form of politics in a society which is based upon conflicts around risk. Such movements constitute a reaction to objective and subjectively perceived dangers or threats, and to related contradictory processes of individualisation in...

DiY politics

The growth of the new grassroots networks of the 1980s can be seen as one aspect of a broader phenomenon which has acquired the label, DiY culture. 'Do it Yourself culture, as the name suggests, concerns individuals becoming frustrated with the alienating forces of globalism, coupled with the ineffectivity of mainstream political channels and taking things into their own hands to bring about real social change. In Britain, much of the action developed in the context of protesting against the...

Tunnel of love

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Justine Coupland and Nikolas Coupland

Bodily exposure to the sun entails a biomedical health risk, aggravated by ozone depletion in the upper atmosphere. Growing awareness of the risk of skin cancers caused by sun exposure has both stimulated and been stimulated by several relatively new media practices, at least in summertime in the UK. These include the publication of burn-time information in national TV weather forecasts, a steady stream of print media features on sunbathing and skin care, and a welter of advertisements for...

The impact of media hype

It would appear that the media hype of 1991 did bring the government's acknowledgement of the problem of youth homelessness as well as resources to the voluntary agencies in terms of the Rough Sleeper's Initiative. A Times correspondent reported that, through press headlines, young people had become 'A talking point for visitors and a deep political embarrassment for the Government' The Times 18 June 1990 . Ever reflexive, the journalist reported the next day 'The alarm and pity this causes to...

Conceptualising framing

The concept of framing can be traced to Gregory Bateson's paper 1955 , 'A theory of play and phantasy', which was reprinted in his monograph Steps to an Ecology of Mind in 1972. Goffman credits Bateson with the idea in his book, Frame Analysis An Essay on the Organization of Experience Goffman 1974 , which popularised it. Communication researchers were quick to apply Goffman's insights into investigations of news. In her classic study of media sociology, Tuchman 1976 1066 noted that 'framing...

Reporting Environmental Risk News values

As Sachsman 1993 , Wilkins and Patterson 1987 and others have noted, journalists do not report environmental risk they report news. When journalists scrutinise the world looking for news, they evaluate what they see according to news values. These values are criteria for deciding what to report and how much emphasis to provide. Nearly all introductory reporting textbooks contain lists of news values which include such things as consequence, timeliness, proximity, prominence and human interest....

Media discourses about the environment

It is something of a truism for many researchers interested in the circumstances surrounding the emergence of public discourses of 'the environment' in places such as Europe and North America that everything changed in 1969. That was the year startling images of planet Earth were relayed from the surface of the moon, the impact of which many have maintained since fundamentally recast the environmental perceptions of what was for a fleeting instant a near-global citizenry.2 These images...

Pictures Of Fire Basf Wilton Teeside Ici 1995

The leaflet 'Air Quality Today' aptly displays how different issues surrounding pollution can be 'moralised' Lowe et al. 1997 for propagandising or public education purposes. In it, poor air quality in the past was associated with domestic coal-burning, while poor air quality in the present is associated with traffic exhaust fumes, imported pollution from Europe, and even Guy Fawkes night. By verbal sleight of hand local industrial emissions are almost removed from the picture, though...

Alternative readings of the epidemiological evidence

The latest phase of concern with environmental health in Teesside coincided with evidence that mortality in poorer areas was unexpectedly high Phillimore and Morris 1991 . The new study concentrated on the poorest neighbourhoods, which were grouped into zones based on differential proximity to the main industries Bhopal et al. 1998 Pless-Mulloli et al. 1998 TEES 1995 . The slim possibility that pollution effects might be apparent across Teesside led us to include several comparably poor...

Claimsmaking and framing in British newspaper coverage of the Brent Spar controversy

Environmental issues and risks do not ordinarily present themselves for public concern or political action. Like other social problems such as poverty, crime and drug-abuse they need to be identified and defined as such, and made visible in the public sphere or in public arenas before they can acquire the status of 'social problems' that the public should be concerned about, and toward which politicians and other decision-makers should direct attention, legislation and resources. The...

Air pollution in Teesside

For a century, air pollution has been a sensitive topic in Teesside with both sides of the River Tees recording some of the highest levels of smoke, ferric oxide and sulphur dioxide in the country since national monitoring began in the 1950s and 1960s. Built first around iron and steel, and after the First World War around chemicals as well, the Teesside towns of Middlesbrough, Stockton, Thornaby, Billingham and Redcar were initially notable for their extraordinarily rapid growth Briggs 1963...

Risk science scientists and experts

Claims-making about the Brent Spar hinged centrally on the ability to demonstrate, with science, whether it posed a serious and significant pollution risk. Although claims-making about the Brent Spar did not draw solely on a scientific discourse other important discourses included moral, legal, economic discourses, and 'a right to know open to public scrutiny' discourse , science, research evidence, and scientists were pressed into service by the key players Greenpeace, Shell, and the...

Mvs

INDEPENDENT ON SUNDAY 13 APRIL 1 lt gt 7 WllM c n r tug , iMthmog uch Aolibl ltd it 1fw i l fl Is flgM Divix Baddltl, Ffin 8Umw, Erie Cwrioni Paul Qxcolgn , D nny B k r, QMi Evan and Aca from Gltd'Hort WllM c n r tug , iMthmog uch Aolibl ltd it 1fw i l fl Is flgM Divix Baddltl, Ffin 8Umw, Erie Cwrioni Paul Qxcolgn , D nny B k r, QMi Evan and Aca from Gltd'Hort Lads limp off as girls swoon for sexy Swampy lt 4 ngh Surprise, surprise - women don't fancy the eight-pints-and-a-curry man, reports...

Susan Hutson and Mark Liddiard

Youth homelessness hit the headlines in 1989. Over the next few years it was a popular subject in the broadsheet and tabloid press. Images of young people sleeping rough on the streets of London were common, particularly in the Sunday press. Youth homelessness featured in women's magazines and the subject matter lent itself to a number of television drama documentaries. This chapter traces the media career of youth homelessness the way it entered the headlines and, later, how the reporting...

The Brent Spar coverageanalysis

Greenpeace Water Cannon

On 30 April 1995 representatives from Greenpeace boarded and occupied a redundant oil terminal in the North Sea, the Brent Spar. Starting with this event, the pressure group succeeded, during the months of May and June 1995, in drawing the attention of the media and the public to an issue which had hitherto commanded very little media and public interest, the decommissioning and removal of redundant oil installations in the North Sea see Figures 3.1 and 3.2 . More specifically, Greenpeace...