Ecological restoration provides an arena in which values regarding what matters in the environment are contested among practitioners from a variety of disciplinary traditions. Whereas Andrew Light (Reading 9) examines four debates within the essentially non-scientific tradition of environmental ethics, Eric Higgs takes a broader perspective in re-examining a single divide: that between science and non-science. He suggests that the divide remains as relevant in contemporary times as when C. P. Snow first expressed the division in terms of 'two cultures' in the early 1950s. As a complement to the science of 'restoration ecology', the wider more non-science notion of 'ecological restoration' prompts a sense of responsibility as being a conversation (between science and non-science) rather than a 'debate' and chimes well with the idea of responsibility as a creative force.
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