1 Callicott (1990; 1995). of humanity's relationship to the

2 Magee (1987, p. 29). environment', Light and Katz (1996,

4 Norton (1996, pp. 122-3). 6 Norton (1996, p. 108). Similarly, C

5 'For us, environmental prag- Daniel Farber has argued that 'A

matism is an open-ended inquiry convincing analysis should be like e into the specific real-life problems a web, drawing on the coherence of y

2 many sources, rather than a tower, — built on a single unified foundation' jj (Farber 1999, p. 10).

7 Cass Sunstein (1997) has also £ defended agreements on outcomes £ and narrow or low-level principles ■¡5 on which people can converge from Z diverse foundations. He argues that such 'incompletely theorised agreements' are a distinctive solution to social pluralism (p. 115). As Andrew Light (2000) has shown, Arne Naess has also defended the deep ecology platform along these lines.

8 See, for example, Hannah Arendt (1958), Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer (1979) and Jurgen Habermas (1971).

9 As Benhabib (1996, p. 5) explains, 'Contemporary Western liberal democracies are being challenged by groups who insist upon their unassimilatable difference and who want to use their experience of alterity to demystify the rationalist and identitary illusions of these liberal democracies.'

10 See, for example, Rodman (1977) and Luke (1997).

11 Plumwood (1993).


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Norton, Bryan. 'Integration or Reduction: Two Approaches to Environmental Values.' Pp. 105-38 in Environmental Pragmatism, edited by Andrew Light and Eric Katz. London: Routledge, 1996.

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Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1990.

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